Died on March 7

161 Antoninus Pius Roman Emperor from 138 to 161. He was a member of the Nerva–Antonine dynasty and the Aurelii
308 Saint Eubulus martyred March 7, 308 at Caesarea Palestina.
413 Heraclianus a provincial governor and a usurper of the Roman Empire opposed to Emperor Honorius.
1108 Gundulf of Rochester a Norman monk who came to England following the Conquest. He was appointed Bishop of Rochester and Prior of the Cathedral Priory there; built castles, including Rochester, Colchester and the White Tower of the Tower of London and the Priory and Cathedral Church of Rochester
1226 William Longespée 3rd Earl of Salisbury an English noble, primarily remembered for his command of the English forces at the Battle of Damme and for remaining loyal to his half-brother, King John. His nickname "Longespée" is generally taken as a reference to his great size and the outsize weapons he wielded
1274 Thomas Aquinas also known as the "Doctor Angelicus" and "Doctor Communis". "Aquinas" is from the county of Aquino, an area in which his family held land until 1137. He was born in Roccasecca, Italy
1291 Arghun the fourth ruler of the Mongol empire's Ilkhanate, from 1284 to 1291. He was the son of Abaqa Khan, and like his father, was a devout Buddhist. He was known for sending several embassies to Europe in an unsuccessful attempt to form a Franco-Mongol alliance against the Muslims in the Holy Land. It was also Arghun who requested a new bride from his great-uncle Kublai Khan. The mission to escort the young Kökötchin across Asia to Arghun was reportedly taken by Marco Polo. Arghun died before Kökötchin arrived, so she instead married Arghun's son, Ghazan
1305 Guy Count of Flanders the Count of Flanders and Marquis of Namur. He was a prisoner of the French when his Flemings defeated the latter at the Battle of the Golden Spurs in 1302
1407 Francesco I Gonzaga ruler of Mantua from 1382 to 1407. He was also a condottiero
1517 Maria of Aragon Queen of Portugal a Spanish infanta and the second wife of Portuguese King Manuel I, thus queen consort of Portugal from her marriage on 30 October 1500 until her death.
1550 William IV Duke of Bavaria Duke of Bavaria from 1508 to 1550, until 1545 together with his younger brother Louis X, Duke of Bavaria. He was born in Munich to Albert IV and Kunigunde of Austria, a daughter of Emperor Frederick III
1578 Gilles de Gouberville a French diarist. His journals were translated into English by Katharine Fedden
1578 Margaret Douglas the daughter of Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus, and Margaret Tudor, Queen Dowager of Scotland. In her youth she was high in the favour of her uncle, King Henry VIII, but twice incurred the King's anger, first for her unauthorised engagement to Lord Thomas Howard, who died in the Tower of London in 1537 because of his misalliance with her, and again in 1540 for an affair with Thomas Howard's nephew Sir Charles Howard, the brother of Queen consort Catherine Howard. On 6 July 1544, she married Matthew Stuart, 4th Earl of Lennox, one of Scotland's leading noblemen. Her son Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, married Mary, Queen of Scots and was the father of James VI of Scotland
1606 Bogislaw XIII Duke of Pomerania a prince of Stettin and Wolgast, and a member of the Griffins.
1625 Johann Bayer a German lawyer and uranographer. He was born in Rain, Lower Bavaria, in 1572. At twenty, in 1592 he began his study of philosophy and law at the University of Ingolstadt, after which he moved to Augsburg to begin work as a lawyer, becoming legal adviser to the city council in 1612
1654 Ernest Gottlieb Prince of Anhalt-Plötzkau a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Plötzkau.
1657 Balthasar van der Ast considered to be a pioneer in the genre of shell painting. His still lifes often contain insects and lizards. He was born in Middelburg and died at Delft
1657 Hayashi Razan a Japanese Neo-Confucian philosopher, serving as a tutor and an advisor to the first four shoguns of the Tokugawa bakufu. He is also attributed with first listing the Three Views of Japan. Razan was the founder of the Hayashi clan of Confucian scholars
1674 Charles Sorel sieur de Souvigny a French novelist and general writer.
1724 Pope Innocent XIII born as Michelangelo dei Conti and was Pope from 8 May 1721 to his death in 1724. He is the last pope to date to take the pontifical name of "Innocent" upon his election
1728 Frederick Louis Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck a Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck and field marshal of the Prussian Army. He was the son of August Philipp, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck and Countess Marie Sibylle of Nassau-Saarbrücken
1735 Michał Zdzisław Zamoyski a Polish nobleman.
1737 Guido Starhemberg an Austrian military officer.
1748 William Corbett (composer) an English composer, violinist, and concert performer. The Director of New Theater from 1700, Corbett was appointed orchestra director of King's Theatre, The Haymarket in 1705 and became a member of the Royal Orchestra in 1709
1750 Cornelis Troost an 18th-century actor and painter from Amsterdam.
1752 Pietro Grimani a Venetian statesman who served as the 115th Doge of Venice from June 30, 1741 until his death. Grimani was a cultured and learned man, who wrote poetry and counted among his acquaintances Isaac Newton, who he had met while serving as a diplomat in England. He was succeeded as Doge by Francesco Loredan
1767 Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne Sieur de Bienville a colonizer, born in Montreal, Quebec, and an early, repeated governor of French Louisiana, appointed 4 separate times during 1701-1743. He was a younger brother of explorer Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville. He is also known as Sieur de Bienville
1770 Teresa Margaret of the Sacred Heart O.C.D. was an Italian Discalced Carmelite nun. During her brief life of quiet service in the monastery, she came to be revered for her mystical gifts. She has been declared a saint by the Catholic Church
1774 Carlo Alberto Guidoboni Cavalchini an Italian Cardinal. Considered papabile in the Papal conclave, 1758, he was vetoed by Louis XV of France under the jus exclusivae
1778 Charles De Geer a Swedish industrialist and entomologist.
1786 Franz Benda a Bohemian violinist and composer. He was the brother of Jiří Antonín Benda, and he worked for much of his life at the court of Frederick the Great
1797 Johann Heinrich Samuel Formey a German author who wrote in French. Besides his activities as a journalist or editor, he contributed to the French Encyclopédie. He died in Berlin
1802 Marie Clotilde of France a French princess who became Queen of Sardinia as Clotilda in 1796. She was the younger sister of Louis XVI of France and later the wife of Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia. She was politically active and acted as the de facto first minister of her spouse during his reign
1803 Christoph Haberland considered one of the brightest masters of classicism architecture in Latvian history.
1804 Thomas Malton an English painter of topographical and architectural views, and an engraver. M. Turner and Thomas Girtin were amongst his pupils. He is designated "the younger" to differentiate him from his father Thomas Malton, the elder
1809 Jean-Pierre Blanchard a French inventor, best known as a pioneer in balloon flight.
1809 Johann Georg Albrechtsberger an Austrian musician.
1810 Cuthbert Collingwood 1st Baron Collingwood an admiral of the Royal Navy, notable as a partner with Lord Nelson in several of the British victories of the Napoleonic Wars, and frequently as Nelson's successor in commands.
1815 Francesco Bartolozzi an Italian engraver, whose most productive period was spent in London.
1824 Ludwig Wilhelm Gilbert a German physicist and chemist, and professor of physics at the University of Leipzig. From 1799-1824 he published the "Annalen der Physik", of which Poggendorffs "Annalen der Physik und Chemie" was a continuation
1830 Jacques Villeré the second Governor of Louisiana after it became a state. He was the first Creole and the first native of Louisiana to hold that office
1833 Rahel Varnhagen a German writer who hosted one of the most prominent salons in Europe during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. She is the subject of a celebrated biography, Rahel Varnhagen: The Life of a Jewess , written by Hannah Arendt. Arendt cherished Varnhagen as her "closest friend, though she ha been dead for some hundred years". The asteroid 100029 Varnhagen is named in her honour
1836 Antoine Français de Nantes a French politician and author active during the French Revolution and Empire.
1838 Robert Townsend (spy) a member of the Culper Ring during the American Revolution. With the aliases “Samuel Culper, Jr.” and “723,” Townsend operated in New York City and gathered information as a service to General George Washington. He is one of the least known operatives in the spy ring, once demanding that Abraham Woodhull, aka “Samuel Culper,” never tell his name to anyone, not even Washington
1840 Johan Bergenstråhle a Swedish military officer who participated in Russo-Swedish War , and the Finnish War. In June 1808 he was sent as a colonel of the Swedish Army, with 1,000 men and four cannon to Vasa in order to retake the city from the Russians. The expedition failed; Bergenstråhle was wounded and captured on June 25
1842 Paul Frederick Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin ruled as Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 1837 to 1842.
1842 Wiremu Kingi Maketu the first person executed in New Zealand under British rule. Maketu was also the first New Zealand Māori to be tried and punished based on British sovereignty over New Zealand
1855 Vladimir Istomin a Russian rear admiral and hero of the Siege of Sevastopol.
1863 Peter von Meyendorff a Russian diplomat from the Meyendorff family. From 1850 to 1854, he was Russian ambassador to Austria
1866 Siméon-François Berneux a French Catholic missionary, and a member of the Paris Foreign Missions Society who was canonized as a saint.