March 7 events in history

161 Emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by his adoptive sons Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus
238 Roman subjects in the province of Africa revolt against Maximinus Thrax and elect Gordian I as emperor
321 Emperor Constantine I decrees that the dies Solis Invicti (sun-day) is the day of rest in the Empire
1277 Stephen Tempier, bishop of Paris, condemns 219 philosophical and theological theses
1799 Napoleon Bonaparte captures Jaffa in Palestine and his troops proceed to kill more than 2,000 Albanian captives
1814 Emperor Napoleon I of France wins the Battle of Craonne
1827 Brazilian marines unsuccessfully attack the temporary naval base of Carmen de Patagones, Argentina
1827 Shrigley Abduction: Ellen Turner is abducted by Edward Gibbon Wakefield, a future politician in colonial New Zealand
1850 Senator Daniel Webster gives his "Seventh of March" speech endorsing the Compromise of 1850 in order to prevent a possible civil war
1862 American Civil War: Union forces defeat Confederate troops at the Pea Ridge in northwestern Arkansas
1876 Alexander Graham Bell is granted a patent for an invention he calls the "telephone"
1900 The German liner SS Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse becomes the first ship to send wireless signals to shore
1902 Second Boer War: In the Battle of Tweebosch, a Boer commando led by Koos de la Rey inflicts the biggest defeat upon the British since the beginning of the war
1912 Roald Amundsen announces that his expedition had reached the South Pole on December 14, 1911
1914 Prince William of Wied arrives in Albania to begin his reign
1936 Prelude to World War II: In violation of the Locarno Pact and the Treaty of Versailles, Germany reoccupies the Rhineland
1945 World War II: American troops seize the Ludendorff Bridge over the Rhine River at Remagen
1950 Cold War: The Soviet Union issues a statement denying that Klaus Fuchs served as a Soviet spy
1951 Korean War: Operation Ripper – United Nations troops led by General Matthew Ridgeway begin an assault against Chinese forces
1965 Bloody Sunday: a group of 600 civil rights marchers is brutally attacked by state and local police in Selma, Alabama
1968 Vietnam War: The United States and South Vietnamese military begin Operation Truong Cong Dinh to root out Viet Cong forces from the area surrounding Mỹ Tho
1971 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman delivers his historic speech at Suhrawardy Udyan
1985 The song "We Are the World" receives its international release
1986 Challenger Disaster: Divers from the USS Preserver locate the crew cabin of Challenger on the ocean floor
1989 Iran and the United Kingdom break diplomatic relations after a row over Salman Rushdie and his controversial novel, The Satanic Verses
1994 Copyright Law: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that parodies of an original work are generally covered by the doctrine of fair use
2006 The terrorist organisation Lashkar-e-Taiba coordinates a series of bombings in Varanasi, India
2007 The British House of Commons votes to make the upper chamber, the House of Lords, 100% elected
2009 The Real Irish Republican Army kills two British soldiers and two civilians, the first British military deaths in Northern Ireland since the end of The Troubles
2009 The Kepler space observatory, designed to discover Earth-like planets orbiting other stars, is launched
2014 The opening ceremony for the Winter Paralympics take place in Sochi, Russia