Born on March 8

1015 Anawrahta the founder of the Pagan Empire. Considered the father of the Burmese nation, Anawrahta turned a small principality in the dry zone of Upper Burma into the first Burmese Empire that formed the basis of modern-day Burma. Historically verifiable Burmese history begins with his accession to the Pagan throne in 1044
1147 Jordan of Santa Susanna a Carthusian monk, created Cardinal Deacon by Pope Lucius II in December 1144 and then Cardinal Priest of Santa Susanna by Eugene III on 21 December 1145. He is often referred to as a member of the Roman family of the Orsini, but more recent research concludes that he was probably a Frenchman. He served as Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church under Eugene III and subscribed the papal bulls between 9 January 1145 and 11 June 1154
1286 John III Duke of Brittany duke of Brittany, from 1312 to his death and 5th Earl of Richmond from 1334 to his death. He was the son of Duke Arthur II and Mary of Limoges, his first wife. John was strongly opposed to his father's second marriage to Yolande of Dreux, Queen of Scotland and attempted to contest its legality
1293 Beatrice of Castile (1293–1359) Queen of Portugal by marriage and Infanta of Castile-León by birth. She was the wife of King Afonso IV of Portugal, and the youngest daughter of King Sancho IV of Castile and his Queen, María de Molina
1494 Rosso Fiorentino an Italian Mannerist painter, in oil and fresco, belonging to the Florentine school.
1495 John of God a Portuguese-born soldier turned health-care worker in Spain, whose followers later formed the Brothers Hospitallers of John of God, a worldwide Catholic religious institute dedicated to the care of the poor sick and those suffering from mental disorders. He has been declared a saint by the Catholic Church, and is considered one of Spain's leading religious figures
1514 Amago Haruhisa a powerful warlord in Chūgoku region, Japan. He is the second son of Amago Masahisa. Initially named Akihisa , he changed his name to Haruhisa in 1541 after Ashikaga Yoshiharu offered to let him use a kanji from his name
1518 Sidonie of Saxony a princess of the House of Wettin and by marriage Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Princess of Calenberg-Göttingen.
1560 Carlo Gesualdo an Italian nobleman, lutenist, composer and murderer.
1617 Tito Livio Burattini an inventor, architect, Egyptologist, scientist, instrument-maker, traveller, engineer, and nobleman. He was born in Agordo, Italy, and studied in Padua and Venice. In 1639, he explored the Great Pyramid of Giza with English mathematician John Greaves; both Burattini and Sir Isaac Newton used measurements made by Greaves in an attempt to accurately determine the circumference of the earth
1659 Isaac de Beausobre a French Protestant churchman, now best known for his history of Manichaeism, Histoire Critique de Manichée et du Manichéisme in two volumes.
1712 John Fothergill (physician) an English physician, plant collector, philanthropist and Quaker.
1714 Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach a German Classical period musician and composer, the fifth child and second son of Johann Sebastian Bach and Maria Barbara Bach. His second name was given in honor of his godfather Georg Philipp Telemann, a friend of Johann Sebastian Bach
1724 Ernest Frederick Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld a Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld.
1726 Richard Howe 1st Earl Howe a British naval officer, notable in particular for his service during the American War of Independence and French Revolutionary Wars. He was the brother of William and George Howe
1746 André Michaux a French botanist and explorer. He is most noted for his study of North American flora. In addition Michaux collected specimens in England, Spain, France, and even Persia. His work was part of a larger European effort to gather knowledge about the natural world. Michaux's contributions included Histoire des chênes de l'Amérique and Flora Boreali-Americana which continued to be botanical references well into the 19th century. His son, Francois André Michaux, also became an authoritative botanist
1748 William V Prince of Orange the last Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic. He went into exile to London in 1795. He was the reigning Prince of Nassau-Orange until his death in 1806. In that capacity he was succeeded by his son William
1752 Johann David Schoepff a German botanist, zoologist, and physician.
1753 William Roscoe an English historian, leading abolitionist and miscellaneous writer, perhaps best known today as an early abolitionist and for his poem for children The Butterfly's Ball, and the Grasshopper's Feast.
1761 Jan Potocki a Polish nobleman, Polish Army Captain of Engineers, ethnologist, Egyptologist, linguist, traveler, adventurer and popular author of the Enlightenment period, whose life and exploits made him a legendary figure in his homeland. Outside Poland he is known chiefly for his novel, The Manuscript Found in Saragossa
1764 Carlo Andrea Pozzo di Borgo a Corsican politician who became a Russian diplomat.
1778 Jean-Toussaint Arrighi de Casanova a French diplomat and soldier of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. In the late 1840s, Arrighi was also involved in politics and was elected Deputy and then Senator in the French Parliament. He was a cousin-in-law of Napoleon I of France
1783 Gottfried Wilhelm Fink a German composer, music theorist, poet, and a Protestant clergyman.
1783 Hannah Van Buren the wife of the eighth United States President, Martin Van Buren.
1787 Karl Ferdinand von Graefe a German surgeon from Warsaw. He was the father of ophthalmologist Albrecht von Graefe and grandfather of politician Albrecht von Graefe
1787 Sven Nilsson a Swedish zoologist and archaeologist.
1789 George Byron 7th Baron Byron a British naval officer, and the seventh Baron Byron, in 1824 succeeding his cousin the poet George Gordon Byron in that peerage. As a career naval officer, he was notable for being his predecessor's opposite in temperament and lifestyle
1789 Miguel Barragán a Mexican general and centralist politician. He served as Minister of War in the government of Antonio López de Santa Anna in 1833 and 1834, then as president of Mexico from 28 January 1835 to 27 February 1836
1791 Kazimierz Brodziński an important Polish Romantic poet.
1793 Pierre François Olive Rayer a French physician who was a native of Saint Sylvain. He made important contributions in the fields of pathological anatomy, physiology, comparative pathology and parasitology
1799 Simon Cameron an American politician who served as United States Secretary of War for Abraham Lincoln at the start of the American Civil War. Cameron made his fortune in railways, canals and banking, founding the Bank of Middletown. He then turned to a life of politics. He became a U.S. senator in 1845 for the state of Pennsylvania, succeeding James Buchanan. Originally a Democrat, he failed to secure a nomination for senator from the Know-Nothing party, and joined the People's Party, the Pennsylvania branch of what became the Republican Party. He won the Senate seat in 1857, and became one of the candidates for the Republican nomination in the presidential election of 1860
1804 Alvan Clark an American astronomer and telescope maker. He was a portrait painter and engraver , and at the age of 40 became involved in telescope making. Using glass blanks made by Chance Brothers of Birmingham and Feil-Mantois of Paris, his firm Alvan Clark & Sons ground lenses for refracting telescopes, including the largest in the world at the time: the 18.5-inch at Dearborn Observatory at the Old University of Chicago , the two 26-inch telescopes at the United States Naval Observatory and McCormick Observatory, the 30-inch at Pulkovo Observatory , the 36-inch telescope at Lick Observatory and later the 40-inch at Yerkes Observatory, which remains the largest successful refracting telescope in the world. One of Clark's sons, Alvan Graham Clark, discovered the dim companion of Sirius. His other son was George Bassett Clark; both sons were partners in the firm
1811 Jan Tyssowski a Dictator of the Republic of Kraków during the failed 1846 uprising. He was a Polish intellectual and activist during Poland's rebellions against its occupying powers. He studied philosophy and law at the University of Lwow. After the failed 1831 November Uprising, Russian authorities prohibited his return to Lwow, and he went study at the University of Vienna. He was a Polish political organizer in Galicia with Ludwik Mieroslawski, and was active within the aristocracy and insurrectionist movement. In 1846, Krakow revolted against the Austrians and they withdrew, leaving the Polish-controlled Republic of Krakow in Tyssowski's hands. The government had originally been established as a triumvirate between Tyssowski and two others, but personal differences led Tyssowski to take control. Intending a "classless society", he declared universal suffrage, emancipation of the peasantry, and the discontinuation of rents for peasants. The Republic attempted to expand into neighboring rural areas, and sympathetic peasants did join the cause, but these units were defeated by much larger Austrian armies, which also had broad support among the peasants. On March 3, Russia occupied the city and passed it back to Austria. Roughly 1,200 people were arrested and approximately 100 were imprisoned in the Kufstein Fortress. The Austrian Empire captured Tyssowski who surrendered to the occupying forces, and allowed him to emigrate
1812 Louis Gurlitt a Danish-German painter of landscapes. His brother was the composer Cornelius Gurlitt, and his son was the architect and art historian also called Cornelius Gurlitt
1813 Japetus Steenstrup a Danish zoologist, biologist, and professor.
1813 Gérard Daniel Westendorp a Dutch born, Belgian military physician and botanist.
1814 Ede Szigligeti a Hungarian dramatist.
1815 Jean-Delphin Alard a French violinist and composer. He was the son-in-law of Jean-Baptiste Vuillaume, and had Pablo de Sarasate amongst his students
1816 Jean Cabanis a German ornithologist.
1821 James Sheridan Muspratt a research chemist and teacher. His most influential publication was his two-volume book Chemistry, Theoretical, Practical and Analytical as applied and relating to the Arts and Manufactures
1822 Ignacy Łukasiewicz a Polish pharmacist and petroleum industry pioneer who in 1856 built the world's first oil refinery. His achievements included the discovery of how to distill kerosene from seep oil, the invention of the modern kerosene lamp , the introduction of the first modern street lamp in Europe , and the construction of the world's first modern oil well
1824 Theodor Coccius a German pianist and pedadogue.
1825 Salomon Kohn an Austrian novelist.
1825 Jules Barbier a French poet, writer and opera librettist who often wrote in collaboration with Michel Carré. He was a noted Parisian bon vivant and man of letters
1826 Johann Köler a leader of the Estonian national awakening and a painter. He is considered as the first professional painter of the emerging nation. He distinguished himself primarily by his portraiture and to a lesser extent by his landscape paintings. Some of his most notable pictures depict the Estonian rural life in the second half of the 19th century
1827 Wilhelm Bleek a German linguist. His work included A Comparative Grammar of South African Languages and his great project jointly executed with Lucy Lloyd: The Bleek and Lloyd Archive of ǀxam and !kun texts
1827 Frederick Manson Bailey a botanist active in Australia, who made valuable contributions to the characterisation of the flora of Queensland.
1830 João de Deus one of the greatest Portuguese poets of his generation.
1836 Michael Foster (physiologist) an English physiologist.
1839 Josephine Cochrane patented in 1850 by Joel Houghton.