March 8 events in history

1010 Ferdowsi completes his epic poem Shāhnāmeh
1126 Following the death of his mother Urraca, Alfonso VII is proclaimed king of Castile and León
1204 The Siege of Château Gaillard ends in a French victory over King John of England, who loses control of Normandy to King Philip II Augustus
1576 Spanish explorer Diego García de Palacio first sights the ruins of the ancient Mayan city of Copán
1618 Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion
1655 John Casor becomes the first legally-recognized slave in England's North American colonies where a crime was not committed
1658 Treaty of Roskilde: After a devastating defeat in the Northern Wars (1655–1661), Frederick III, the King of Denmark-Norway is forced to give up nearly half his territory to Sweden to save the rest
1702 Anne Stuart, sister of Mary II, becomes Queen regnant of England, Scotland, and Ireland
1722 The Safavid Empire of Iran is defeated by an army from Afghanistan at The Battle of Gulnabad, pushing Iran into anarchy
1736 Nader Shah, founder of the Afsharid dynasty, is crowned Shah of Iran
1775 An anonymous writer, thought by some to be Thomas Paine, publishes "African Slavery in America", the first article in the American colonies calling for the emancipation of slaves and the abolition of slavery
1777 Regiments from Ansbach and Bayreuth, sent to support Great Britain in the American Revolutionary War, mutiny in the town of Ochsenfurt
1782 Gnadenhütten massacre: Ninety-six Native Americans in Gnadenhutten, Ohio, who had converted to Christianity are killed by Pennsylvania militiamen in retaliation for raids carried out by other Indians
1801 War of the Second Coalition: At the Battle of Abukir, a British force under Sir Ralph Abercromby lands in Egypt with the aim of ending the French campaign in Egypt and Syria
1817 The New York Stock Exchange is founded
1844 King Oscar I ascends to the thrones of Sweden and Norway
1862 American Civil War: The iron-clad CSS Virginia (formerly USS Merrimack) is launched at Hampton Roads, Virginia
1868 Sakai incident: Japanese samurai kill 11 French sailors in the port of Sakai near Osaka
1910 French aviatrix Raymonde de Laroche becomes the first woman to receive a pilot's license
1911 International Women's Day is launched in Copenhagen, Denmark, by Clara Zetkin, leader of the Women's Office for the Social Democratic Party in Germany
1914 First flights (for the Royal Thai Air Force) at Don Mueang International Airport in Bangkok
1916 World War I: A British force unsuccessfully attempts to relieve the siege of Kut (present-day Iraq) in the Battle of Dujaila
1917 International Women's Day protests in St. Petersburg mark the beginning of the February Revolution (so named because it was February on the Julian calendar)
1917 The United States Senate votes to limit filibusters by adopting the cloture rule
1920 The Arab Kingdom of Syria, the first modern Arab state to come into existence, is established
1921 Spanish Premier Eduardo Dato Iradier is assassinated while exiting the parliament building in Madrid
1924 The Castle Gate mine disaster kills 172 coal miners near Castle Gate, Utah
1936 Daytona Beach Road Course holds its first oval stock car race
1937 Spanish Civil War: The Battle of Guadalajara begins
1942 World War II: Dutch forces surrender to Japanese forces on Java
1947 Thirteen thousand troops sent by the Kuomintang government of China arrive in Taiwan after the 228 Incident and launch crackdowns which kill thousands of people, including many elites. This turns into a major root of the Taiwan independence movement
1949 Mildred Gillars ("Axis Sally") is condemned to prison for treason
1949 President of France Vincent Auriol and ex-emperor Bảo Đại sign the Élysée Accords, giving Vietnam greater independence from France and creating the State of Vietnam to oppose Viet Minh-led Democratic Republic of Vietnam
1957 Egypt re-opens the Suez Canal after the Suez Crisis
1957 The 1957 Georgia Memorial to Congress, which petitions the U.S. Congress to declare the ratification of the 14th and 15th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution null and void, is adopted by the U.S. state of Georgia
1957 Ghana joins the United Nations
1963 The Ba'ath Party comes to power in Syria in a coup d'état by a clique of quasi-leftist Syrian Army officers calling themselves the National Council of the Revolutionary Command
1966 A bomb planted by Irish Republican Army militants destroys Nelson's Pillar in Dublin
1974 Charles de Gaulle Airport opens in Paris, France
1978 The first radio episode of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, by Douglas Adams, is transmitted on BBC Radio 4
1979 Philips demonstrates the Compact Disc publicly for the first time
1983 While addressing a convention of Evangelicals, U.S. President Ronald Reagan labels the Soviet Union an "evil empire"
1985 A supposed failed assassination attempt on Islamic cleric Sayyed Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah in Beirut, Lebanon, kills at least 45 and injures 175 others
2004 A new constitution is signed by Iraq's Governing Council
2014 Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 disappears over the Gulf of Thailand en route to Beijing from Kuala Lumpur. The aircraft is believed to have crashed into the Indian Ocean off the coast of Australia with all 239 people on board dead