March 1788 in history

March 1788 events chronologically

Mar 6 The First Fleet arrives at Norfolk Island in order to found a convict settlement
Mar 21 A fire in New Orleans leaves most of the town in ruins

Top 7 most famous people born in March 1788

Mar 1 Gheorghe Asachi a Moldavian-born Romanian prose writer, poet, painter, historian, dramatist and translator. An Enlightenment-educated polymath and polyglot, he was one of the most influential people of his generation. Asachi was a respected journalist and political figure, as well as active in technical fields such as civil engineering and pedagogy, and, for long, the civil servant charged with overseeing all Moldavian schools. Among his leading achievements were the issuing of Albina Românească, a highly influential magazine, and the creation of Academia Mihăileană, which replaced Greek-language education with teaching in Romanian. His literary works combined a taste for Classicism with Romantic tenets, while his version of the literary language relied on archaisms and borrowings from the Moldavian dialect
Mar 7 Antoine César Becquerel a French scientist and a pioneer in the study of electric and luminescent phenomena.
Mar 10 Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff a German poet and novelist of the later German romantic school.
Mar 12 David d'Angers a French sculptor and medallist. He adopted the name David d'Angers, following his entry into the studio of the painter Jacques-Louis David in 1809 as a way of both expressing his patrimony and distinguishing himself from the master painter
Mar 17 Heinrich von Heß an Austrian soldier and field marshal, who entered the army in 1805 and was soon employed as a staff officer on survey work.
Mar 22 Pierre Joseph Pelletier a French chemist who did notable research on vegetable alkaloids, and was the co-discoverer of quinine and strychnine.
Mar 29 Infante Carlos Count of Molina the second surviving son of King Charles IV of Spain and of his wife, Maria Luisa of Parma. As Carlos V he was the first of the Carlist claimants to the throne of Spain. He is often referred to simply as 'Don Carlos'. He was a reactionary angry with liberalism in Spain and the assaults on the Catholic Church. He claimed the throne of Spain after the death of his older brother King Ferdinand VII in 1833. His claim was contested by liberal forces loyal to the dead king's infant daughter. The result was the bloody First Carlist War. Don Carlos had support from Basque provinces and much of Catalonia, but it was not enough and he lost the war and never became king. His heirs continued the arch-conservative cause, fought two more "Carlist" wars and were active into the mid-20th century, but never obtained the throne

Died in March 1788

Mar 2 Salomon Gessner a Swiss painter and poet. His writing suited the taste of his time, though by some more recent standards it is “insipidly sweet and monotonously melodious.” As a painter, he represented the conventional classical landscape
Mar 29 Charles Wesley an English leader of the Methodist movement, son of Anglican clergyman and poet Samuel Wesley, the younger brother of Methodist founder John Wesley and Anglican clergyman Samuel Wesley the Younger. He was father of musician Samuel Wesley and grandfather of musician Samuel Sebastian Wesley. Despite their closeness, Charles and his brother John did not always agree on questions relating to their beliefs. In particular, Charles was strongly opposed to the idea of a breach with the Church of England into which they had both been ordained. Charles Wesley is mostly remembered for the over 6,000 hymns he wrote. He ministered for part of his life in The New Room Chapel in Bristol. His house, located nearby, can still be visited