May 10 events in history

70 Siege of Jerusalem: Titus, son of emperor Vespasian, opens a full-scale assault on Jerusalem and attacks the city's Third Wall to the northwest
1291 Scottish nobles recognize the authority of Edward I of England
1497 Amerigo Vespucci allegedly leaves Cádiz for his first voyage to the New World
1503 Christopher Columbus visits the Cayman Islands and names them Las Tortugas after the numerous turtles there
1534 Jacques Cartier visits Newfoundland
1655 England, with troops under the command of Admiral William Penn and General Robert Venables, annexes Jamaica from Spain
1768 John Wilkes is imprisoned for writing an article for The North Briton severely criticizing King George III. This action provokes rioting in London
1773 The Parliament of Great Britain passes the Tea Act, designed to save the British East India Company by granting it a monopoly on the North American tea trade
1774 Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette become King and Queen of France
1775 American Revolutionary War: A small Colonial militia led by Ethan Allen and Colonel Benedict Arnold captures Fort Ticonderoga
1775 American Revolutionary War: Representatives from the Thirteen Colonies begin the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia
1796 First Coalition: Napoleon I of France wins a decisive victory against Austrian forces at Lodi bridge over the Adda River in Italy. The Austrians lose some 2,000 men
1801 First Barbary War: The Barbary pirates of Tripoli declare war on the United States of America
1824 The National Gallery in London opens to the public
1833 The desecration of the grave of the viceroy of southern Vietnam Lê Văn Duyệt by Emperor Minh Mạng provokes his adopted son to start a revolt
1837 Panic of 1837: New York City banks fail, and unemployment reaches record levels
1849 Astor Place Riot: A riot breaks out at the Astor Opera House in Manhattan, New York City over a dispute between actors Edwin Forrest and William Charles Macready, killing at least 25 and injuring over 120
1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857: In India, the first war of Independence begins. Sepoys mutiny against their commanding officers at Meerut
1863 American Civil War: Confederate General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson dies eight days after he is accidentally shot by his own troops
1864 American Civil War: Colonel Emory Upton leads a 10-regiment "Attack-in-depth" assault against the Confederate works at The Battle of Spotsylvania, which, though ultimately unsuccessful, would provide the idea for the massive assault against the Bloody Angle on May 12. Upton is slightly wounded but is immediately promoted to Brigadier general
1865 American Civil War: Jefferson Davis is captured by Union troops near Irwinville, Georgia
1865 American Civil War: In Kentucky, Union soldiers ambush and mortally wound Confederate raider William Quantrill, who lingers until his death on June 6
1866 Romania National Holiday 1866-1947, The Modern Monarchy Instauration of the Kingdom of Romania, Carol I of Romania
1869 The First Transcontinental Railroad, linking the eastern and western United States, is completed at Promontory Summit, Utah (not Promontory Point, Utah) with the golden spike
1872 Victoria Woodhull becomes the first woman nominated for President of the United States
1877 Romania declares itself independent from the Ottoman Empire following the Senate adoption of Mihail Kogălniceanu's Declaration of Independence. Recognized on March 26, 1881 after the end of the Romanian War of Independence
1893 The Supreme Court of the United States rules in Nix v. Hedden that a tomato is a vegetable, not a fruit, under the Tariff Act of 1883
1904 The Horch & Cir. Motorwagenwerke AG is founded
1908 Mother's Day is observed for the first time in the United States, in Grafton, West Virginia
1916 Sailing in the lifeboat James Caird, Ernest Shackleton arrives at South Georgia after a journey of 800 nautical miles from Elephant Island
1922 The United States annexes the Kingman Reef
1924 J. Edgar Hoover is appointed first Director of the United States' Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and remains so until his death in 1972
1933 Censorship: In Germany, the Nazis stage massive public book burnings
1940 World War II: German fighters accidentally bomb the German city of Freiburg
1940 World War II: German raids on British shipping convoys and military airfields begin
1940 World War II: Germany invades Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg
1940 World War II: Winston Churchill is appointed Prime Minister of the United Kingdom following the resignation of Neville Chamberlain
1940 World War II: Invasion of Iceland by the United Kingdom
1941 World War II: The House of Commons in London is damaged by the Luftwaffe in an air raid
1941 World War II: Rudolf Hess parachutes into Scotland to try to negotiate a peace deal between the United Kingdom and Nazi Germany
1942 World War II: The Thai Phayap Army invades the Shan States during the Burma Campaign
1946 First successful launch of an American V-2 rocket at White Sands Proving Ground
1948 The Republic of China implements "temporary provisions" granting President Chiang Kai-shek extended powers to deal with the Communist uprising; they will remain in effect until 1991
1954 Bill Haley & His Comets release "Rock Around the Clock", the first rock and roll record to reach number one on the Billboard charts
1960 The nuclear submarine USS Triton completes Operation Sandblast, the first underwater circumnavigation of the earth
1962 Marvel Comics publishes the first issue of The Incredible Hulk
1969 Vietnam War: The Battle of Dong Ap Bia begins with an assault on Hill 937. It will ultimately become known as Hamburger Hill
1970 Bobby Orr scores "The Goal" to win the 1970 Stanley Cup Finals, for the Boston Bruins' fourth NHL championship in their history
1975 Sony introduces the Betamax videocassette recorder in Japan
1979 The Federated States of Micronesia become self-governing