Born on May 11

1366 Anne of Bohemia Queen of England as the first wife of King Richard A member of the House of Luxembourg, she was the eldest daughter of Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor, and Elizabeth of Pomerania.
1414 Francis I Duke of Brittany Duke of Brittany, Count of Montfort and titular Earl of Richmond, from 1442 to his death. He was son of Duke John VI and Joan of France
1571 Niwa Nagashige a Japanese daimyo who served the Oda clan. Nagashige was the eldest son of Niwa Nagahide and married an adopted daughter of Oda Nobunaga. He took part in his first campaign in 1583, assisting his father in the battles against Shibata Katsuie. In the Battle of Nagakute, at the age of thirteen, Nagashige led a troop of Niwa clan in the place of his father, who was ill
1594 Charlotte Marguerite de Montmorency an heiress of one of France's leading ducal families, and Princess of Condé by her marriage to Henry de Bourbon. She almost became a mistress of Henry IV of France, but her husband escaped with her after the wedding, and did not return to France until after King Henry's death
1614 Franciscus Sylvius a Dutch physician and scientist who was an early champion of Descartes', Van Helmont's and William Harvey's work and theories. He was one of the earliest defenders of the theory of circulation of the blood in the Netherlands
1707 Francisco Salzillo a Spanish sculptor. He is the most representative Spanish image-maker of the 18th century and one of greatest of the Baroque. Francisco Salzillo worked exclusively on religious themes, and almost always in polychromed wood. He made hundreds of pieces that are distributed throughout the Region of Murcia and some in bordering provinces. The Spanish Civil War caused the destruction of many of the works of Salzillo. Some of his masterpieces include his nonprocessional religious work, his processional work, and his great Nativity scene
1715 Ignazio Fiorillo an Italian composer. He is known as an author of opera seria, often composed to the libretti of Pietro Metastasio
1715 Johann Gottfried Bernhard Bach the fourth child of Johann Sebastian Bach and Maria Barbara Bach to reach adulthood. Born in Weimar, he attended the Thomasschule in Leipzig, his father providing for his musical formation. In contrast to his elder brothers Wilhelm Friedemann and Carl Philipp Emanuel he did not get the opportunity to study at the university after finishing school. Instead, he competed for a post as musician
1720 Baron Münchhausen a German nobleman and a famous recounter of tall tales. He joined the Russian military and took part in two campaigns against the Ottoman Turks. Upon returning home, Münchhausen is said to have told a number of outrageously farfetched stories about his adventures
1722 Petrus Camper a Dutch physician, anatomist, physiologist, midwife, zoologist, anthropologist, paleontologist and a naturalist. He studied the orangutan, the rhinoceros, and the skull of a mosasaur, which he believed was a whale. One of the first to interest himself in comparative anatomy and paleontology, he also invented the measure of the facial angle. Camper was not a dull professor in his library, becoming a celebrity in Europe and a member of the Royal Society. He was interested in architecture, mathematics, and made drawings for his lectures. He designed and made tools for his patients, always trying to be practical. Besides he was a sculptor, a patron of art and a conservative politician
1728 Pierre Gaviniès a French violinist and composer.
1733 Princess Victoire of France the seventh child and fifth daughter of King Louis XV of France and his Queen consort Maria Leszczyńska. As the daughter of the king, she was a Fille de France
1738 George Collier an officer of the Royal Navy who saw service during the Seven Years' War, the American War of Independence and the French Revolutionary Wars. As commander of the frigate HMS Rainbow, he was one of the most successful British naval commanders during the opening stages of war with America. He achieved considerable success as one of the senior officers on the North American coast, conducting and organizing several highly effective raids and counter-strikes. He was superseded however, and returned to Britain to play a role in the closing events of the war in European waters, before moving ashore to start a political career. He enjoyed a brief return to service with the resumption of war with France, and achieved flag rank, but died shortly afterwards
1752 Johann Friedrich Blumenbach a German physician, naturalist, physiologist, and anthropologist. He was one of the first to explore the study of mankind as an aspect of natural history. His teachings in comparative anatomy were applied to the classification of what he called human races, of which he determined there to be five
1755 Jean-Pierre-André Amar a French political figure of the Revolution and Freemason.
1759 Hieronim Wincenty Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian nobleman and Knight of the Order of the White Eagle, awarded in 1780.
1762 Jacob Johan Anckarström a Swedish military officer who was convicted and executed for regicide. He was the son of Jacob Johan Anckarström the Elder. He served as a captain in King Gustav III's regiment between 1778 and 1783. During travels to Gotland, he was accused of slandering the king and fled to Stockholm, where he spent the winter, but was subsequently arrested, brought back and tried in Gotland. Although he was acquitted due to lack of evidence, he later maintained in his confession that this incident sparked his fire of hatred towards the king, fuelled by the contemporary revolutionary movement in Europe
1764 Grigory Ugryumov a Russian portrait and history painter in the Classical style.
1771 Laskarina Bouboulina a Greek naval commander, heroine of the Greek War of Independence in 1821, and an Admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy.
1780 Carl Benedict Hase born at Sulza near Naumburg.
1784 Urban Jarnik a Carinthian Slovene priest, historian, poet, author and ethnographer.
1787 Alfred I Prince of Windisch-Grätz a member of the Bohemian noble Windisch-Graetz family, originally from Styria. He started service in the Habsburg imperial army in 1804. As an Austrian army officer he distinguished himself throughout the wars fought by the Habsburg Monarchy in the 19th century
1790 Dmitry Buturlin a Russian general and military historian from an old noble family of Ratshid stock. He was admitted into the Governing Senate in May 1833 and into the State Council of Imperial Russia in December 1840
1791 Jan Václav Voříšek a Bohemian composer, pianist and organist.
1797 José Mariano Salas a Mexican general and politician who served twice as interim president of Mexico. He was also a member of the executive triumvirate of the Second Mexican Empire that invited Maximilian of Habsburg to take the throne
1799 John Lowell Jr. (philanthropist) a U.S. businessman, early philanthropist, and through his will, founder of the Lowell Institute.
1801 Henri Labrouste a French architect from the famous École des Beaux-Arts school of architecture. After a six-year stay in Rome, Labrouste opened an architectural training workshop, which quickly became the center of the rationalist view. He became noted for his use of iron-frame construction and was one of the first to realize the importance of its use
1805 Philipp Foltz a German historical painter, born at Bingen. He was the pupil of his father, Ludwig Foltz, and studied at Munich under Cornelius, whom he assisted with the frescoes in the Glyptothek. Afterward he decorated the Schiller Salon in the new Royal palace. He became professor and later director of the Academy of Munich. Amongst his latest works were two large paintings for the Maximilianeum: Frederick Barbarossa and Henry the Lion, and Pericles Attacked by Cleon. His pictures include two large hunting scenes for Maximilian II; The Singer's Curse ; Götz von Berlichingen ; and King Otho Leaving Munich for Greece, a fine cartoon. His pictures are good in composition and careful in execution, but conventional in form and dry in color
1808 Alexandre Pierre Freslon a French Lawyer who became a representative in the Constituent Assembly and Minister of Public Education and Religion in 1848.
1808 Moses Ashley Curtis a noted American botanist.
1810 Grigory Gagarin a Russian painter, Major General and administrator.
1810 Peter Hansborough Bell an American military officer and politician who served as the third Governor of Texas and represented the state for two terms in the United States House of Representatives.
1811 Jean-Jacques Challet-Venel a Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council.
1811 Chang and Eng Bunker were Thai-American conjoined twin brothers whose condition and birthplace became the basis for the term "Siamese twins".
1811 Theodore Nicolas Gobley born in Paris on May 11, 1811, and died in Bagneres-de-Luchon on September 1, 1876.
1817 Fanny Cerrito an Italian ballet dancer and choreographer. She was a ballerina noted for the brilliance, strength, and vivacity of her dancing. She was also one of few women in the 19th century to be recognized for her talent as a choreographer
1822 Henry Baker Tristram an English clergyman, Biblical scholar, traveller and ornithologist. As a parson-naturalist he was an early acceptor of Darwinism, attempting to reconcile evolution and creation
1823 Alfred Stevens (painter) a Belgian painter.
1827 Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux a French sculptor and painter during the Second Empire under Napoleon III.
1830 Richard Henry Beddome a British military officer in India, chief conservator of the Madras Forest Department and a naturalist. He described many species of plants and reptiles from India, and several species described by others bear his name
1833 Jean Becker (violinist) a prominent German violinist from Mannheim in the Grand Duchy of Baden.
1835 Kārlis Baumanis an ethnic Latvian composer in the Russian Empire. He is the author of the lyrics and music of Dievs, svētī Latviju! , the national anthem of Latvia
1838 Walter Goodman an English painter, illustrator and author.
1839 Pyotr Gorlov a geologist and engineer who explored many of the mines in the Donbas region of Ukraine. He founded the city of Horlivka; the city has a monument in honor of him
1841 Ernst von Possart a German actor and theatre director.
1844 Jenny Longuet the eldest daughter of Jenny von Westphalen and Karl Marx.
1845 Ettore Roesler Franz an Italian painter and photographer of German origin.
1847 Godefroid Kurth a celebrated Belgian historian. He is known for his histories of the city of Liège in the Middle Ages and of Belgium, of his Catholic account in Les Origines de la civilisation moderne of the formation of modern Europe, and for his defence of the medieval guild system
1848 Wilhelm Windelband a German philosopher of the Baden School.
1852 Charles W. Fairbanks an American politician who served as a Senator from Indiana from 1897 to 1905 and the 26th Vice President of the United States from 1905 to 1909.