Died on May 11

912 Leo VI the Wise Byzantine Emperor from 886 to 912. The second ruler of the Macedonian dynasty , he was very well-read, leading to his surname. During his reign, the renaissance of letters, begun by his predecessor Basil I, continued; but the Empire also saw several military defeats in the Balkans against Bulgaria and against the Arabs in Sicily and the Aegean
940 Patriarch Eutychius of Alexandria the Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Alexandria. He is known for being one of the first Christian Egyptian writers to use the Arabic language. His writings include his chronicle Nazm al-Jauhar , otherwise known by its Latin title, Eutychii Annales
994 Majolus of Cluny an abbot of Cluny. As a youth Majolus fled his family's estates near Rietz to stay with relatives at Mâcon due to the Muslim invasions. Majolus studied at Lyon and later became archdeacon of Mâcon
1034 Mieszko II Lambert King of Poland from 1025–1031, and Duke from 1032 until his death.
1138 William de Warenne 2nd Earl of Surrey the son of William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey and his first wife Gundred. He was more often referred to as Earl Warenne or Earl of Warenne than as Earl of Surrey
1304 Ghazan the seventh ruler of the Mongol Empire's Ilkhanate division in modern-day Iran from 1295 to 1304. He was the son of Arghun and Quthluq Khatun, continuing a long line of rulers who were direct descendants of Genghis Khan. Considered the most prominent of the Ilkhans, he is best known for making a political conversion to Islam in 1295 when he took the throne, marking a turning point for the dominant religion of Mongols in Central Asia. His principal wife was Kokechin, a Mongol princess sent by Kublai Khan, and escorted from the Mongol capital to the Ilkhanate by Marco Polo
1388 Wenceslaus I Duke of Saxe-Wittenberg a prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire as well as Prince of Lüneburg. He was the son of Rudolf I and his 3rd wife, Agnes of Lindow-Ruppin
1572 Moses Isserles also well known for his Darkhei Moshe commentary on the Tur. Isserles is also referred to as the Rema, , the Hebrew acronym for Rabbi Moses Isserles
1585 Mikołaj Mielecki a Polish nobleman and politician. Since 1569 Mielecki was the voivod of Podolian Voivodship, between 1578 and 1580 he also served in the Polish Army as the Grand Hetman of the Crown
1607 Michele Ruggieri an Italian Jesuit priest. One of the founding fathers of the Jesuit China missions, and a co-author of the first Portuguese-Chinese dictionary, he can be described as the first European sinologist
1610 Matteo Ricci S.J. was an Italian Jesuit priest and one of the founding figures of the Jesuit China missions. His 1602 map of the world in Chinese characters introduced the findings of European exploration to East Asia. Within Roman Catholicism, he is considered a Servant of God
1615 Chōsokabe Morichika a Japanese samurai of the Azuchi-Momoyama period through early Edo period. Once the ruler of Tosa Province, his fief was revoked by Tokugawa Ieyasu after the Battle of Sekigahara
1617 Jean Chapeauville a Belgian theologian and historian.
1621 Johann Arndt a German Lutheran theologian who wrote several influential books of devotional Christianity. Although reflective of the period of Lutheran Orthodoxy, he is seen as a forerunner of pietism, a movement within Lutheranism that gained strength in the late 17th century
1663 Henri II d'Orléans Duke of Longueville a major figure in the civil war of France, the Fronde, and served as governor of Picardy, then of Normandy.
1672 Charles Seton 2nd Earl of Dunfermline a Scottish peer.
1686 Otto von Guericke a German scientist, inventor, and politician. His major scientific achievements were the establishment of the physics of vacuums, the discovery of an experimental method for clearly demonstrating electrostatic repulsion, and his advocacy of the reality of "action at a distance" and of "absolute space"
1696 Jean de La Bruyère a French philosopher and moralist.
1708 Jules Hardouin Mansart generally considered to be the apex of French Baroque architecture, representing the power and grandeur of Louis XIV. Hardouin-Mansart was one of the most important European architects of the seventeenth century
1723 Jean Galbert de Campistron a French dramatist.
1751 Peter Lacy known in Russia , was one of the most successful Russian imperial commanders before Rumyantsev and Suvorov. During a military career that spanned half a century, he professed to have been present at a total of 31 campaigns, 18 battles, and 18 sieges. He died at Riga, of which he for many years served as governor
1760 Alaungpaya a Bamar king of Burma from 1752-60 and the founder of the Konbaung Dynasty. By the time of his death from illness during his campaign in Thailand, this former chief of a small village in Upper Burma had unified Burma, subdued Manipur, conquered Lanna and driven out the French and the English who had given help to the Mon Restored Hanthawaddy Kingdom. He also founded Yangon in 1755
1777 George Pigot 1st Baron Pigot the British governor of Madras.
1778 William Pitt 1st Earl of Chatham a British statesman of the Whig group who led the government of Great Britain twice in the middle of the 18th century. Historians call him Pitt or Chatham, or William Pitt the Elder to distinguish from his son, William Pitt the Younger, who also was a prime minister. Pitt was also known as The Great Commoner, because of his long-standing refusal to accept a title until 1766
1779 John Hart (New Jersey politician) public official and politician in colonial New Jersey who served as a delegate to the Continental Congress and also signed Declaration of Independence.
1785 Torii Kiyomitsu a painter and printmaker of the Torii school of Japanese ukiyo-e art; the son of Torii Kiyonobu II or Torii Kiyomasu II, he was the third head of the school, and was originally called Kamejirō before taking the gō Kiyomitsu. Dividing his work between actor prints and bijinga , he primarily used the benizuri-e technique prolific at the time, which involved using one or two colors of ink on the woodblocks rather than hand-coloring; full-color prints would be introduced later in Kiyomitsu's career, in 1765
1788 Emanuel Giani Ruset a Prince of Wallachia , and Prince of Moldavia. He was a Phanariote and member of the Rosetti family
1812 Spencer Perceval the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 4 October 1809 until his death on 11 May 1812. He is the only British Prime Minister to have been assassinated. He is also the only Solicitor General or Attorney General to have been Prime Minister
1838 Ignaz von Rudhart a Bavarian scholar and public servant who was dispatched to Greece to serve as President of the Privy Council during the reign of King Otto.
1838 Thomas Andrew Knight Coordinates: 52°22′01″N 2°49′01″W / 52.367°N 2.817°W / 52.367; -2.817.
1840 Simon Canuel a French general.
1840 Eduard Joseph d'Alton a German engraver and naturalist who was a native of Aquileia. He was the father of anatomist Johann Samuel Eduard d'Alton
1845 Carl Filtsch a Transylvanian pianist and composer. He was a child prodigy, and student of Frédéric Chopin
1846 Jane Irwin Harrison wife of William Henry Harrison, Jr., and daughter-in-law of William Henry Harrison, ninth President of the United States. Her grandfather was James Ramsey, who owned Millmont Farm at Montgomery Township, Franklin County, Pennsylvania
1848 Tom Cribb an English bare-knuckle boxer of the 19th century, so successful that he became world champion.
1849 Otto Nicolai a German composer, conductor, and founder of the Vienna Philharmonic. Nicolai is best known for his operatic version of Shakespeare's comedy The Merry Wives of Windsor as Die lustigen Weiber von Windsor. In addition to five operas, Nicolai composed lieder, works for orchestra, chorus, ensemble, and solo instruments
1849 Juliette Récamier a French society leader, whose salon drew Parisians from the leading literary and political circles of the early 19th century.
1853 Hyacinth (Bichurin) one of the founding fathers of Sinology. He was born to a family of Chuvash priests and studied in the Kazan seminary
1857 Eugène François Vidocq a French criminal and criminalist whose life story inspired several writers, including Victor Hugo and Honoré de Balzac. The former criminal became the founder and first director of the crime-detection Sûreté Nationale as well as the head of the first known private detective agency, Vidocq is considered to be the father of modern criminology and of the French police department. He is also regarded as the first private detective
1858 Aimé Bonpland a French explorer and botanist.
1859 Karl Hoffmann (naturalist) a German physician and naturalist.
1859 Archduke John of Austria a member of the Habsburg dynasty, an Austrian field marshal and German Imperial regent.
1868 John Crawfurd a Scottish physician, colonial administrator and diplomat, and author. He is now best known for his work on Asian languages, his History of the Indian Archipelago, and his role in founding Singapore
1869 Juraj Haulik a Croatian cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church of Slovak ethnicity and the first archbishop of Zagreb. He was also acting ban of Croatia for two separate terms
1871 John Herschel an English polymath, mathematician, astronomer, chemist, inventor, and experimental photographer, who in some years also did valuable botanical work. He was the son of Mary Baldwin and astronomer William Herschel and the father of twelve children
1873 Ignacio Agramonte a Cuban revolutionary, who played an important part in the Ten Years' War.
1874 Franklin Buchanan an officer in the United States Navy who became the only full admiral in the Confederate Navy during the American Civil War, and commanded the ironclad CSS Virginia.
1877 Albrecht Gustav von Manstein a Prussian general who served during the Austro-Prussian War and the Franco-German War. He was the adoptive grandfather of Erich von Manstein
1877 Johann Heinrich Achterfeldt a German theologian.
1878 Pierre Philippe Denfert-Rochereau a French serviceman and politician. He achieved fame by successfully defending besieged Belfort during the Franco-Prussian War: this earned him the soubriquet the Lion of Belfort