May 11 events in history

330 Byzantium is renamed Nova Roma during a dedication ceremony, but it is more popularly referred to as Constantinople
868 A copy of the Diamond Sutra is printed in China, making it the oldest known dated printed book
912 Alexander becomes Emperor of the Byzantine Empire
1310 In France, fifty-four members of the Knights Templar are burned at the stake as heretics
1647 Peter Stuyvesant arrives in New Amsterdam to replace Willem Kieft as Director-General of New Netherland, the Dutch colonial settlement in present-day New York City
1672 Franco-Dutch War: Louis XIV of France invades the Netherlands
1745 War of the Austrian Succession: Battle of Fontenoy – French forces defeat an Anglo-Dutch-Hanoverian army
1792 Captain Robert Gray becomes the first documented white person to sail into the Columbia River
1812 Prime Minister Spencer Perceval is assassinated by John Bellingham in the lobby of the House of Commons, London
1813 In Australia, William Lawson, Gregory Blaxland and William Wentworth lead an expedition to cross the Blue Mountains west of Sydney. Their route opens up inland Australia for continued expansion throughout the 19th century
1820 HMS Beagle, the ship that will take Charles Darwin on his scientific voyage, is launched
1846 President James K. Polk asked for and received a Declaration of War against Mexico, starting the Mexican–American War
1857 Indian Rebellion of 1857: Indian rebels seize Delhi from the British
1858 Minnesota is admitted as the 32nd U.S. State
1862 American Civil War: The ironclad CSS Virginia is scuttled in the James River northwest of Norfolk, Virginia
1867 Luxembourg gains its independence
1880 Seven people are killed in the Mussel Slough Tragedy, a gun battle in California
1889 An attack upon a U.S. Army paymaster and escort results in the theft of over $28,000 and the award of two Medals of Honor
1891 The Ōtsu incident: Tsarevich Nicholas Alexandrovich of Imperial Russia (later Nicholas II) suffers a critical head injury during a sword attack by Japanese policeman Tsuda Sanzō. He is rescued by Prince George of Greece and Denmark
1894 Pullman Strike: Four thousand Pullman Palace Car Company workers go on a wildcat strike in Illinois
1907 Thirty-two Shriners are killed when their chartered train derails at a switch near Surf Depot in Lompoc, California
1910 An act of the U.S. Congress establishes Glacier National Park in Montana
1918 The Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasus is officially established
1927 The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences is founded
1942 William Faulkner's collections of short stories, Go Down, Moses, is published
1943 World War II: American troops invade Attu Island in the Aleutian Islands in an attempt to expel occupying Japanese forces
1944 World War II: The Allies begin a major offensive against the Axis Powers on the Gustav Line
1945 World War II: Off the coast of Okinawa, the aircraft carrier USS Bunker Hill is hit by two kamikazes, killing 346 of its crew. Although badly damaged, the ship is able to return to the U.S. under its own power
1946 UMNO is created
1949 Siam officially changes its name to Thailand for the second time. The name had been in use since 1939 but was reverted in 1945
1949 Israel joins the United Nations
1953 The 1953 Waco tornado outbreak: an F5 tornado hits downtown Waco, Texas, killing 114
1960 In Buenos Aires, Argentina, four Israeli Mossad agents capture fugitive Nazi Adolf Eichmann who is living under the alias of Ricardo Klement
1963 Racist bombings in Birmingham, Alabama disrupt nonviolence in the Birmingham campaign and precipitate a crisis involving federal troops
1967 Andreas Papandreou, Greek economist and socialist politician, is imprisoned in Athens by the Greek military junta
1968 The Toronto Transit Commission opens the largest expansion of its Bloor–Danforth line, going to Scarborough in the East, and Etobicoke in the West
1970 The Lubbock Tornado, a F5 tornado, hits Lubbock, Texas, killing 26 and causing $250 million in damage
1973 Citing government misconduct, Daniel Ellsberg has charges for his involvement in releasing the Pentagon Papers to The New York Times dismissed
1985 Bradford City stadium fire: Fifty-six spectators die and more than 200 are injured in a flash fire at Valley Parade football ground during a match against Lincoln City in Bradford, England
1987 Klaus Barbie goes on trial in Lyon for war crimes committed during World War II
1987 In Baltimore, Maryland, the first heart–lung transplant takes place. The surgery is performed by Dr. Bruce Reitz of the Stanford University School of Medicine
1995 More than 170 countries extend the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty indefinitely and without conditions
1996 After the aircraft's departure from Miami, Florida, a fire started by improperly handled chemical oxygen generators in the cargo hold of Atlanta-bound ValuJet Flight 592 causes the Douglas DC-9 to crash in the Florida Everglades killing all 110 on board
1996 The 1996 Mount Everest disaster: on a single day eight people die during summit attempts on Mount Everest
1997 Deep Blue, a chess-playing supercomputer, defeats Garry Kasparov in the last game of the rematch, becoming the first computer to beat a world-champion chess player in a classic match format
1998 India conducts three underground atomic tests in Pokhran to include a thermonuclear device
2000 Second Chechen War: Chechen separatists ambush Russian paramilitary forces in the Republic of Ingushetia
2010 David Cameron becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom following talks between the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats to form the UK's first coalition government since World War II after elections produced a hung parliament
2013 At least 46 people are killed in a bombing in Reyhanlı, Turkey
2014 15 people are killed and 46 injured in Kinshasa in a stampede caused by tear gas being thrown into the stand by police officers attempting to defuse a hostile incident