May 16 events in history

218 Julia Maesa, aunt of the assassinated Caracalla, is banished to her home in Syria by the self-proclaimed emperor Macrinus and declares her 14-year old grandson Elagabalus, emperor of Rome
1204 Baldwin IX, Count of Flanders is crowned as the first Emperor of the Latin Empire
1527 The Florentines drive out the Medici for a second time and Florence re-establishes itself as a republic
1532 Sir Thomas More resigns as Lord Chancellor of England
1568 Mary, Queen of Scots, flees to England
1584 Santiago de Vera becomes sixth Governor-General of the Spanish colony of the Philippines
1770 A 14-year old Marie Antoinette marries 15-year-old Louis-Auguste who later becomes king of France
1771 The Battle of Alamance, a pre-American Revolutionary War battle between local militia and a group of rebels called The "Regulators", occurs in present-day Alamance County, North Carolina
1811 Peninsular War: The allies Spain, Portugal and United Kingdom, defeat the French at the Battle of Albuera
1812 Russian Field Marshal Mikhail Kutuzov signs the Treaty of Bucharest, ending the Russo-Turkish War. Bessarabia is annexed by Imperial Russia
1822 Greek War of Independence: The Turks capture the Greek town of Souli
1834 The Battle of Asseiceira is fought, the last and decisive engagement of the Liberal Wars in Portugal
1843 The first major wagon train heading for the Pacific Northwest sets out on the Oregon Trail with one thousand pioneers from Elm Grove, Missouri
1866 The U.S. Congress eliminates the half dime coin and replaces it with the five cent piece, or nickel
1868 United States President Andrew Johnson is acquitted in his impeachment trial by one vote in the United States Senate
1874 A flood on the Mill River in Massachusetts destroys much of four villages and kills 139 people
1877 May 1877 political crisis in France
1888 Nikola Tesla delivers a lecture describing the equipment which will allow efficient generation and use of alternating currents to transmit electric power over long distances
1891 The International Electrotechnical Exhibition opens in Frankfurt, Germany, and will feature the world's first long distance transmission of high-power, three-phase electrical current (the most common form today)
1914 The first ever National Challenge Cup final is played. Brooklyn Field Club defeats Brooklyn Celtic 2-1
1918 The Sedition Act of 1918 is passed by the U.S. Congress, making criticism of the government during wartime an imprisonable offense. It will be repealed less than two years later
1919 A naval Curtiss aircraft NC-4 commanded by Albert Cushing Read leaves Trepassey, Newfoundland, for Lisbon via the Azores on the first transatlantic flight
1920 In Rome, Pope Benedict XV canonizes Joan of Arc
1929 In Hollywood, the first Academy Awards are awarded
1943 The Holocaust: The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising ends
1951 The first regularly scheduled transatlantic flights begin between Idlewild Airport (now John F Kennedy International Airport) in New York City and Heathrow Airport in London, operated by El Al Israel Airlines
1953 American journalist William N. Oatis is released after serving 22 months of a ten-year prison sentence for espionage in Czechoslovakia
1960 Theodore Maiman operates the first optical laser (a ruby laser), at Hughes Research Laboratories in Malibu, California
1961 Park Chung-hee leads a coup d'état to overthrow the Second Republic of South Korea
1966 The Communist Party of China issues the "May 16 Notice", marking the beginning of the Cultural Revolution
1969 Venera program: Venera 5, a Soviet space probe, lands on Venus
1974 Josip Broz Tito is re-elected president of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. This time he is elected for life
1975 India annexes Sikkim after the mountain state holds a referendum in which the popular vote is in favor of merging with India
1975 Junko Tabei becomes the first woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest
1983 Sudan People's Liberation Army/Movement rebels against the Sudanese government
1986 The Seville Statement on Violence is adopted by an international meeting of scientists, convened by the Spanish National Commission for UNESCO, in Seville, Spain
1988 A report by United States' Surgeon General C. Everett Koop states that the addictive properties of nicotine are similar to those of heroin and cocaine
1991 Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom addresses a joint session of the United States Congress. She is the first British monarch to address the U.S. Congress
1997 Mobutu Sese Seko, the President of Zaire, flees the country
2003 In Casablanca, Morocco, 33 civilians are killed and more than 100 people are injured in the Casablanca terrorist attacks
2005 Kuwait permits women's suffrage in a 35-23 National Assembly vote
2007 Nicolas Sarkozy takes office as President of France
2011 STS-134 (ISS assembly flight ULF6), launched from the Kennedy Space Center on the 25th and final flight for Space Shuttle Endeavour
2014 12 people are killed in two explosions in the Gikomba market area of the Kenyan capital of Nairobi