Died on May 19

804 Alcuin an English scholar, ecclesiastic, poet and teacher from York, Northumbria. He was born around 735 and became the student of Archbishop Ecgbert at York. At the invitation of Charlemagne, he became a leading scholar and teacher at the Carolingian court, where he remained a figure in the 780s and 790s. He wrote many theological and dogmatic treatises, as well as a few grammatical works and a number of poems. He was made Abbot of Tours in 796, where he remained until his death. "The most learned man anywhere to be found", according to Einhard's Life of Charlemagne, he is considered among the most important architects of the Carolingian Renaissance. Among his pupils were many of the dominant intellectuals of the Carolingian era
988 Dunstan an Abbot of Glastonbury Abbey, a Bishop of Worcester, a Bishop of London, and an Archbishop of Canterbury, later canonised as a saint. His work restored monastic life in England and reformed the English Church. His 11th-century biographer, Osbern, himself an artist and scribe, states that Dunstan was skilled in "making a picture and forming letters", as were other clergy of his age who reached senior rank
1102 Stephen Count of Blois the son of Theobald III, count of Blois, and Garsinde du Maine. He is numbered Stephen II after Stephen I, Count of Troyes
1106 Geoffrey IV Count of Anjou Count of Anjou from 1103 until his early death, either co-ruling with his father, Fulk IV, or in opposition to him. He was popular with the Church and grew a reputation for curbing tyranny and opposing his violent father, who, according to Orderic Vitalis, enjoyed pillaging and terrorising his subjects
1125 Vladimir II Monomakh reigned as Velikiy Kniaz of Kievan Rus' from 1113 to 1125.
1218 Otto IV Holy Roman Emperor one of two rival kings of Germany from 1198 on, sole king from 1208 on, and Holy Roman Emperor from 1209 until he was forced to abdicate in 1215. The only German king of the Welf dynasty, he incurred the wrath of Pope Innocent III and was excommunicated in 1210
1296 Pope Celestine V Pope for five months from 5 July to 13 December 1294, when he resigned. He was also a monk and hermit who founded the order of the Celestines
1303 Ivo of Kermartin Saint Ivo of Kermartin, T.O.S.F. also known Yvo or Ives, as Erwann and as Yves Hélory , was a parish priest among the poor of Louannec, the only one of his station to be canonized in the Middle Ages. He is the patron of Brittany, lawyers and abandoned children. His feast day is 19 May. Poetically, he is referred to as "Advocate of the Poor"
1319 Louis Count of Évreux a prince, the third son of King Philip III of France and his second wife Maria of Brabant, and thus a half-brother of King Philip IV of France.
1332 Frederick IV Burgrave of Nuremberg Burgrave of Nuremberg from 1300 to 1332. He was the younger son of Burgrave Frederick III from his second marriage with the Ascanian princess Helene, daughter of Duke Albert I of Saxony
1365 John Duke of Ścinawa a Duke of Żagań, Ścinawa, etc. during 1309–1317 , Duke of Poznań during 1312–1314 and sole Duke of Ścinawa since.
1389 Dmitry Donskoy Saint Dmitry Ivanovich Donskoy , or Dmitry of the Don, sometimes referred to simply as Dmitry , son of Ivan II the Meek of Moscow , reigned as the Prince of Moscow from 1359 and Grand Prince of Vladimir from 1363 to his death. He was the first prince of Moscow to openly challenge Mongol authority in Russia. His nickname, Donskoy , alludes to his great victory against the Tatars in the Battle of Kulikovo which took place on the Don River. He is venerated as a Saint in the Orthodox Church with his feast day on 19 May
1396 John I of Aragon the King of Aragon from 1387 until his death.
1480 Jan Długosz a Polish priest, chronicler, diplomat, soldier, and secretary to Bishop Zbigniew Oleśnicki of Kraków.
1526 Emperor Go-Kashiwabara the 104th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. He reigned from November 16, 1500 to May 19, 1526. His personal name was Katsuhito. His reign marked the nadir of Imperial authority during the Ashikaga shogunate
1531 Jan Łaski (1456–1531) a Polish nobleman, Grand Chancellor of the Crown , diplomat, from 1490 secretary to Poland's King Casimir IV Jagiellon and from 1508 coadjutor to the Archbishop of Lwów.
1536 Anne Boleyn Queen of England from 1533 to 1536 as the second wife of King Henry VIII and Marquess of Pembroke in her own right. Henry's marriage to Anne, and her subsequent execution, made her a key figure in the political and religious upheaval that was the start of the English Reformation. Anne was the daughter of Thomas Boleyn, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Howard, and was educated in the Netherlands and France, largely as a maid of honour to Claude of France. She returned to England in early 1522, to marry her Irish cousin James Butler, 9th Earl of Ormond; the marriage plans ended in failure and she secured a post at court as maid of honour to Henry VIII's wife, Catherine of Aragon
1595 John Frederick II Duke of Saxony duke of Saxony, and briefly, Elector of Saxony.
1601 Costanzo Porta known today as the Venetian School. He was highly praised throughout his life both as a composer and a teacher, and had a reputation especially as an expert contrapuntist
1609 García Hurtado de Mendoza 5th Marquis of Cañete a Spanish soldier, governor of Chile, and later viceroy of Peru. He is often known simply as "Marquis of Cañete". Belonging to an influential family of Spanish noblemen Hurtado de Mendoza successfully fought the native Mapuche during his stay as Governor of Chile, and got the city of Mendoza named after him. In his later position as Viceroy of Peru he sponsored Álvaro de Mendaña de Neira expedition to the Salomon Islands and had the Marquesas Islands named after him
1610 Thomas Sanchez a 16th-century Spanish Jesuit and famous casuist.
1612 Satake Yoshishige a Japanese daimyo of the Sengoku period. He was the 18th generation head of the Satake clan. He was renowned for his ferocity in battle; he was also known by the nickname of "Ogre Yoshishige". He often fought against the Late Hōjō clan, who were extending their power into southern Hitachi. One such encounter was the Battle of Numajiri, where 20,000 men under Yoshishige fought 80,000 Hojo troops. The Satake won, due in part to the use of over 8600 matchlock rifles by their troops
1637 Isaac Beeckman a Dutch philosopher and scientist, who, through his studies and contact with leading natural philosophers, may have "virtually given birth to modern atomism".
1647 Sebastian Vrancx a Flemish Baroque painter and etcher of the Antwerp school.
1648 Stefan Potocki a Polish nobleman, starosta of Nizhyn of the Potocki family.
1664 Élisabeth de Bourbon a granddaughter of King Henry IV of France.
1668 Philips Wouwerman a Dutch painter of hunting, landscape and battle scenes.
1670 Ferdinando Ughelli an Italian Cistercian monk and church historian.
1707 Jean II d'Estrées a Marshal of France, and an important naval commander of Louis XIV. He was born to a noble family from Picardie. His aunt was Gabrielle d'Estrées, lover of King Henry IV of France
1710 Stanisław Antoni Szczuka a Polish noble , talented politician and political writer.
1715 Charles Montagu 1st Earl of Halifax an English poet and statesman.
1751 Józef Potocki a Polish nobleman , magnate, Great Hetman of the Crown.
1753 Jacques Aubert a French composer and violinist.
1762 Francesco Loredan a Venetian statesman of the Loredan family; he served as the 116th Doge of Venice from 18 March 1752 until his death. Loredan was a man of modest culture and limited international experience, and had been raised primarily for a life of commerce; in this he stood in stark contrast to his immediate predecessor, Pietro Grimani, who was a poet and diplomat. Loredan was succeeded as Doge by Marco Foscarini
1786 John Stanley (composer) an English composer and organist.
1795 Josiah Bartlett an American physician and statesman, delegate to the Continental Congress for New Hampshire and signatory of the Declaration of Independence. He was later Chief Justice of the New Hampshire Superior Court of Judicature and Governor of the state
1795 James Boswell a Scottish lawyer, diarist, and author born in Edinburgh. He is best known for the biography he wrote of one of his contemporaries, the English literary figure Samuel Johnson, which the modern Johnsonian critic Harold Bloom has claimed is the greatest biography written in the English language
1798 William Byron 5th Baron Byron the poet George Gordon Byron's great uncle. He was the son of William Byron, 4th Baron Byron and his wife Hon. Frances Berkeley, a descendant of John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton
1809 Stevan Sinđelić a Serbian military commander of the Resava Infantry Brigade of the Serbian Revolutionary Army which fought during the First Serbian Uprising against Ottoman rule. As the commander of the Resava Brigade, he fought in many battles and skirmishes against Ottoman foot-soldiers, including the Battle of Ivankovac in 1805 and the Battle of Deligrad in 1806. He is remembered for his actions during the Battle of Čegar Hill in 1809, in which he and the Resava Brigade found themselves surrounded by the Ottomans. Encircled and without much chance of survival, Sinđelić ignited the gunpowder kegs in the powder cave, creating an enormous explosion that killed him, all of the Serb rebels and Ottoman soldiers
1821 Camille Jordan (politician) a French politician born in Lyon of a well-to-do mercantile family.
1825 Claude Henri de Rouvroy comte de Saint-Simon a French early socialist theorist whose thought influenced the foundations of various 19th century philosophies, including the philosophy of science and the discipline of sociology. His thought played a substantial role in influencing positivism, Marxism and the ideas of Thorstein Veblen
1831 Johann Friedrich von Eschscholtz a Baltic German physician, botanist, zoologist and entomologist.
1831 Jean Baptiste marquis de Traversay a French creole seaman who distinguished himself in the ranks of Royal French Navy during American Revolutionary War. In 1791, fleeing from hostilities of the French Revolution, Traversay joined Imperial Russian Navy, rising to commander-in-chief of Black Sea Fleet in 1802. In 1809 he was appointed Minister of the Navy, and held this position for 18 years. His name was frequently russified to Ivan Ivanovich de Traversay
1835 Karl Georg Albrecht Ernst von Hake a Prussian general and Minister of War.
1837 Natalia Zagryazhskaya a Russian philanthropist, salonist and lady-in-waiting. She was a leading member of Saint Petersburg society from the 1770s until her death in 1837, and is often mentioned in contemporary memoirs and diaries
1838 Sir Richard Hoare 2nd Baronet an English antiquarian, archaeologist, artist, and traveller of the 18th and 19th centuries, the first major figure in the detailed study of the history of his home county, Wiltshire.
1859 Heinrich Zollinger a Swiss botanist.
1860 Philippe Le Bas a French hellenist, archaeologist and translator. He was the son of Philippe Le Bas and Elisabeth Duplay, the daughter of Robespierre's landlord Maurice Duplay. He was only 6 weeks old when his father committed suicide on Robespierre's fall on 27 July 1794 in the Thermidorian Reaction
1864 Nathaniel Hawthorne an American novelist and short story writer.
1876 Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer born at Voorburg, near the Hague.