Born on May 2

1308 Joan III Countess of Burgundy a reigning Countess of Burgundy and Artois, and a Duchess consort of Burgundy. She was the eldest daughter of King Philip V of France and Joan II of Burgundy. She
1360 Yongle Emperor the third emperor of the Ming Dynasty in China, reigning from 1402 to 1424.
1437 Filippo Buonaccorsi an Italian humanist and writer.
1451 René II Duke of Lorraine Count of Vaudémont from 1470, Duke of Lorraine from 1473, and Duke of Bar from 1483 to 1508. He claimed the crown of the Kingdom of Naples and the County of Provence as the Duke of Calabria 1480–1493 and as King of Naples and Jerusalem 1493–1508. He succeeded his uncle John of Vaudémont as Count of Harcourt in 1473, exchanging it for the county of Aumale in 1495. He succeeded as Count of Guise in 1504
1458 Eleanor of Viseu a Portuguese infanta and later queen consort of Portugal.
1515 Sibylle of Saxony a Saxon princess of the Albertine line of House of Wettin and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Lauenburg.
1551 William Camden an English antiquarian, historian, topographer, and officer of arms. He wrote the first chorographical survey of the islands of Great Britain and Ireland and the first detailed historical account of the reign of Elizabeth I of England
1579 Tokugawa Hidetada the second shogun of the Tokugawa dynasty, who ruled from 1605 until his abdication in 1623. He was the third son of Tokugawa Ieyasu, the first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate
1593 Catherine de' Medici Governor of Siena Duchess of Mantua and Montferrat as the second wife of Duke Ferdinando and Governor of Siena from 1627. She was the second daughter of Grand Duke Ferdinando I of Tuscany and his wife Christina of Lorraine. She had no issue
1602 Athanasius Kircher a 17th-century German Jesuit scholar and polymath who published around 40 major works, most notably in the fields of Oriental studies, geology, and medicine. Kircher has been compared to fellow Jesuit Roger Boscovich and to Leonardo da Vinci for his enormous range of interests, and has been honored with the title "Master of a Hundred Arts". A resurgence of interest in Kircher has occurred within the scholarly community in recent decades
1631 John Murray 1st Marquess of Atholl a leading Scottish royalist and defender of the Stuarts during the English Civil War of the 1640s, until after the rise to power of William and Mary in 1689. He succeeded as 2nd Earl of Atholl on his father's demise in June 1642 and as 3rd Earl of Tullibardine after the death of his first cousin the 2nd Earl in 1670
1652 Abraham Hinckelmann an Islamologist who was the first to print a complete Qur'an in Hamburg.
1660 Alessandro Scarlatti an Italian Baroque composer, especially famous for his operas and chamber cantatas. He is considered the founder of the Neapolitan school of opera. He was the father of two other composers, Domenico Scarlatti and Pietro Filippo Scarlatti
1695 Giovanni Niccolò Servandoni a French decorator, architect, scene-painter and trompe-l'œil specialist.
1700 Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg the wife of Duke Louis VIII of Hesse-Darmstadt.
1702 Friedrich Christoph Oetinger a German Lutheran theologian and theosopher.
1707 Jean-Baptiste Barrière a French cellist and composer. He was born in Bordeaux and died in Paris, at 40 years of age
1722 Gerhard Schøning a Norwegian historian. His Reise som giennem en Deel af Norge i de Aar 1773, 1774, 1775 paa Hans Majestets Kongens Bekostning documenting travel through Trondheim, Gudbrandsdal and Hedmark, Norway in 1773–1775 has been recognized as both a historical reference and as a "minor travel classic."
1729 Catherine the Great the most renowned and the longest-ruling female leader of Russia, reigning from 9 July 1762 until her death in 1796 at the age of 67. Her reign was called Russia's golden age. She was born in Stettin, Pomerania, Prussia as Sophie Friederike Auguste von Anhalt-Zerbst-Dornburg, and came to power following a coup d'état and the assassination of her husband, Peter III, at the end of the Seven Years' War. Russia was revitalized under her reign, growing larger and stronger than ever and becoming recognized as one of the great powers of Europe
1737 William Petty 2nd Earl of Shelburne generally known to history, was an Irish-born British Whig statesman who was the first Home Secretary in 1782 and then Prime Minister 1782–1783 during the final months of the American War of Independence. He succeeded in securing peace with America and this feat remains his most notable legacy. He was also well known as a collector of antiquities and works of art
1740 Elias Boudinot a lawyer and statesman from Elizabeth, New Jersey who was a delegate to the Continental Congress and served as President of Congress from 1782 to 1783. He was elected as a U.S. Congressman for New Jersey following the American Revolutionary War. He was appointed by President George Washington as Director of the United States Mint, serving from 1795 until 1805
1746 Jean-Baptiste Robert Lindet a French politician of the Revolutionary period. His brother, Robert Thomas Lindet, became a constitutional bishop and member of the National Convention. Although his role may not have been spectacular, Jean-Baptiste Lindet came to be the embodiment of the growing middle class that came to dominate French politics during the Revolution
1750 John André a British Army officer hanged as a spy by the Continental Army during the American War of Independence for assisting Benedict Arnold's attempted surrender of the fort at West Point, New York to the British.
1752 Ludwig August Lebrun a German oboist and composer.
1754 Vicente Martín y Soler a Spanish composer of opera and ballet. Although relatively obscure now, in his own day he was compared favorably with his contemporary, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, as a composer of opera buffa; in modern times, conversely, he has been called the Valencian Mozart
1761 Richard Anthony Salisbury a British botanist. While he is remembered as a valuable worker in horticultural and botanical sciences, several bitter disputes caused him to be ostracised by his contemporaries
1763 François de Charette a French Royalist soldier, and politician. He was one of the leaders of the bloody events termed the "Revolt in the Vendée". His relative Athanase-Charles-Marie Charette de la Contrie was a noted military leader
1767 Jean-Antoine Verdier a French General during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.
1768 Jean-Louis-Marc Alibert a French dermatologist born in Villefranche-de-Rouergue, Aveyron. He was a pioneer of French dermatology
1769 John Malcolm a Scottish soldier, diplomat, East India Company administrator, statesman, and historian.
1772 Novalis the pseudonym of Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg , a poet, author, and philosopher of early German Romanticism.
1773 Henrik Steffens a Norwegian-born Danish philosopher, scientist, and poet.
1797 Abraham Pineo Gesner a Canadian physician and geologist who invented kerosene. Although Ignacy Łukasiewicz developed the modern kerosene lamp, starting the world's oil industry, Gesner is considered a primary founder. Gesner was born in Cornwallis, Nova Scotia. He died in Halifax, Nova Scotia
1802 Heinrich Gustav Magnus a notable experimental scientist. His training was mostly in chemistry but his later research was mostly in physics. He spent the great bulk of his career at the University of Berlin, where he is remembered for his laboratory teaching as much as for his original research. He did not use his first given name, and was known throughout his life as Gustav Magnus
1803 Albert Küchler a Danish painter associated with the Danish Golden Age. He mainly painted genre works and portraits. He was highly esteemed by his contemporaries but is little known today
1806 Catherine Labouré a member of the Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul and a Marian visionary who relayed the request from the Blessed Virgin Mary to create the Miraculous Medal worn by millions of Christians, both Roman Catholic and non-denominational.
1806 Marc-Charles-Gabriel Gleyre a Swiss artist. He took over the studio of Paul Delaroche in 1843 and taught a number of younger artists who became prominent, including Claude Monet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Alfred Sisley, James Abbott McNeill Whistler and Louis-Frederic Schützenberger. He studied with Auguste Toulmouche
1808 Emma Darwin the wife and first cousin of Charles Darwin, the English naturalist, scientist and author of On the Origin of Species. They were married on 29 January 1839 and were the parents of 10 children, three of whom died at early ages
1810 Hans Christian Lumbye a Danish composer of waltzes, polkas, mazurkas and galops, among other things.
1815 William Buell Richards the first Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada.
1816 Augustus Egg a Victorian artist best known for his modern triptych Past and Present , which depicts the breakup of a middle-class Victorian family.
1821 Jens Andreas Friis a Norwegian linguist and author. He is widely recognized as the founder of the Sami language studies
1823 José Vicente Barbosa du Bocage a Portuguese zoologist and politician. He was the curator of Zoology at the Museu Nacional de Lisboa in Lisbon. He published numerous works on mammals, birds, and fishes. In the 1880s he became the Minister of the Navy and later the Minister for Foreign Affairs for Portugal. The zoology collection at the Lisbon Museum is called the Bocage Museum in his honor
1828 Désiré Charnay a French traveller and archaeologist notable both for his explorations of Mexico and Central America, and for the pioneering use of photography to document his discoveries.
1830 Otto Staudinger a German entomologist and a natural history dealer considered one of the largest in the world specialising in the collection and sale of insects to museums, scientific institutions, and individuals.
1834 Wilhelm Mauser a German weapon designer and manufacturer/industrialist.
1840 Philippe Solari a provencal sculptor, of Italian origin, a contemporary and friend of Paul Cézanne and Émile Zola. He acquired French nationality in 1870
1842 Rudolf Felder an Austrian jurist and entomologist. He was mainly interested in Lepidoptera, amassing, with his father, Cajetan Felder a huge collection
1842 Felix Victor Birch-Hirschfeld a German pathologist who was a native of Kluvensieck bei Rendsburg.
1843 Karl Michael Ziehrer an Austrian composer. In his lifetime, he was one of the fiercest rivals of the Strauss family; most notably Johann Strauss II and Eduard Strauss