Died on May 2

373 Athanasius of Alexandria the twentieth bishop of Alexandria. His episcopate lasted 45 years , of which over 17 were spent in five exiles ordered by four different Roman emperors. Athanasius is a renowned Christian theologian, a Church Father, the chief defender of Trinitarianism against Arianism, and a noted Egyptian leader of the fourth century
907 Boris I of Bulgaria the Knyaz of the First Bulgarian Empire in 852–889. At the time of his baptism in 864, Boris was named Michael after his godfather, Emperor Michael III. The historian Steven Runciman called him one of the greatest persons in history
1219 Leo I King of Armenia the tenth lord of Armenian Cilicia or “Lord of the Mountains” , and the first king of Armenian Cilicia.
1230 William de Braose (died 1230) the son of Reginald de Braose by his first wife, Grecia Briwere. He was an ill-fated member of a powerful and long lived dynasty of Marcher Lords
1302 Blanche of Artois the queen consort of Navarre; after her husband Henry I of Navarre's death, she served as regent from 1274 to 1284 on behalf of her daughter, Joan Besides Navarre, she ruled the counties of Brie, Champagne, Troyes and Meaux.
1450 William de la Pole 1st Duke of Suffolk an English commander in the Hundred Years' War and Lord High Admiral of England from 1447 until 1450. He was nicknamed Jack Napes, from which the word "jackanapes" derives. He also appears prominently in William Shakespeare's Henry VI, Part 1 and Henry VI, Part 2
1459 Antoninus of Florence an Italian Dominican friar, who ruled as an Archbishop of Florence. He is venerated as a saint by the Catholic Church
1519 Leonardo da Vinci an Italian polymath, painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist, and writer. He is widely considered to be one of the greatest painters of all time and perhaps the most diversely talented person ever to have lived. His genius, perhaps more than that of any other figure, epitomized the Renaissance humanist ideal. Leonardo has often been described as the archetype of the Renaissance Man, a man of "unquenchable curiosity" and "feverishly inventive imagination". According to art historian Helen Gardner, the scope and depth of his interests were without precedent and "his mind and personality seem to us superhuman, the man himself mysterious and remote". Marco Rosci states that while there is much speculation about Leonardo, his vision of the world is essentially logical rather than mysterious, and that the empirical methods he employed were unusual for his time
1534 Dirk Martens a printer and editor in Flanders. He went to Venice and worked with the humanist Gerardus de Lisa. In 1473, he returned to Aalst and together with Johan van Westfalen started a printing press. He printed a book on the two lovers of Enea Piccolomini who later became Pope Pius Between 1492 and 1529, he founded two new printing ateliers in Antwerp and Leuven. He edited several humanist works by Erasmus and Thomas More. He also edited the first letter by Christopher Columbus on the New World
1564 Rodolfo Pio da Carpi an Italian Cardinal, humanist and patron of the arts. He formed a great library and was at the center of humanist studies in 16th-century Rome, though serving on the Roman Inquisition. He was a trusted advisor to Pope Pius III and helped to establish the Inquisition at Milan
1567 Marin Držić considered the finest Croatian Renaissance playwright and prose writer.
1627 Lodovico Grossi da Viadana an Italian composer, teacher, and Franciscan friar of the Order of Friars Minor Observants. He was the first significant figure to make use of the newly developed technique of figured bass, one of the musical devices which was to define the end of the Renaissance and beginning of the Baroque eras in music
1667 George Wither an English poet, pamphleteer, and satirist. He was a prolific writer who adopted a deliberate plainness of style; he was several times imprisoned. V. Wedgwood wrote "every so often in the barren acres of his verse is a stretch enlivened by real wit and observation, or fired with a sudden intensity of feeling"
1683 Stjepan Gradić a Croatian philosopher and scientist and a patrician of the Republic of Ragusa.
1685 Adriaen van Ostade a Dutch Golden Age painter of genre works.
1694 Martin Desjardins a French sculptor and stuccoist of Dutch birth.
1706 Georg Joseph Kamel a Czech Jesuit missionary and botanist to the Philippines. He is the author of the first descriptions of the Philippine flora and fauna. Also the first depiction of Philippine tarsier comes from Kamel. He was also the founder of the first Philippine Botanical Garden and first Philippine farmacy from where he treated a large population of the Luzon island. The well known genus of flowering plants Camellia was named in his honour by Carolus Linnaeus
1711 Laurence Hyde 1st Earl of Rochester an English statesman and writer. He was originally a supporter of James II but later supported the Glorious Revolution in 1688
1736 Albertus Seba a Dutch pharmacist, zoologist and collector.
1775 Fredericka of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg a German noblewoman member of the House of Wettin and by marriage Duchess of Saxe-Weissenfels.
1786 Petronella Johanna de Timmerman a Dutch poet and scientist.
1790 Victor Amadeus of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym a German prince of the House of Ascania from the Anhalt-Bernburg branch through the sub-branch of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym and a Russian General under the service of Empress Catherine II the Great.
1790 Philipp Matthäus Hahn a German pastor and inventor.
1798 Martinus Houttuyn a Dutch naturalist.
1799 Henri-Joseph Rigel a German-born composer of the Classical era who spent most of his working life in France. He was born in Wertheim am Main where his father was musical intendant to the local prince. After an education in Germany, where his teachers included Niccolò Jommelli, Rigel moved to Paris in 1767. He quickly acquired a reputation in musical circles and published harpsichord pieces, string quartets, symphonies and concertos. He began composing for the Concert Spirituel, most notably four hiérodrames : La sortie d'Egypte , La destruction de Jericho , Jephté and Les Macchabées. These show the influence of Christoph Willibald Gluck, and Gluck himself praised La sortie d'Égypte. Between 1778 and 1799 Rigel also wrote 14 operas, including the opéra comique Le savetier et le financier
1805 Vieira Portuense a Portuguese painter, one of the introducers of Neoclassicism in Portuguese painting. He was, in the neoclassical style, one of the two great Portuguese painters of his generation, with Domingos Sequeira
1808 Pedro Velarde y Santillán a Spanish artillery captain famous for his heroic death in the Dos de Mayo uprisings against the French occupation of Madrid. He became a popular hero and martyr figure for Spain's subsequent War of Independence from the French Empire
1810 Henry Jerome de Salis an English churchman. He was Rector of Antholin in the City of London and Vicar of Wing in Buckinghamshire. He was also known as: Revd Henry Jerome de Salis, MA; the Hon. & Rev. Henry Jerome De Salis, Count of the Holy Roman Empire; de Salis; Rev. Henry Jerome de Salis, and, from 1809, Rev. Count Henry Jerome de Salis
1813 Prince Augustus Ferdinand of Prussia a Prussian Prince and general, and Herrenmeister of the Bailiwick of Brandenburg of the Order of Saint John. He belonged to the House of Hohenzollern, and was the youngest son of Frederick William I of Prussia by his wife Queen Sophia Dorothea
1814 Alexander Hood 1st Viscount Bridport an officer of the British Royal Navy during the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars, and the brother of Admiral Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood.
1818 Herman Willem Daendels a Dutch politician who served as the 36th Governor General of the Dutch East Indies between 1808 and 1811.
1819 Mary Moser an English painter and one of the most celebrated women artists of 18th-century Britain. One of only two female founding members of the Royal Academy , Moser is particularly noted for her depictions of flowers
1821 Hester Thrale a British diarist, author, and patron of the arts. Her diaries and correspondence are an important source of information about Samuel Johnson and 18th-century life
1823 Thomas Davey (governor) the second Lieutenant Governor of Van Diemen's Land, Australia.
1825 Mikhail Bulatov a Russian military officer who fought during the Russo-Turkish War and became major general in 1799 during the Napoleonic Wars and lieutenant-general in 1823.
1826 Antoni Malczewski an influential Polish romantic poet, known for his only work, "a narrative poem of dire pessimism", Maria.
1828 Raymond Desèze a French advocate. Together with François Tronchet and Malesherbes, he defended Louis XVI, when the king was brought before the Convention for trial
1835 Johann Heinrich Ferdinand von Autenrieth a German physician born in Stuttgart.
1844 William Thomas Beckford an English novelist, a profligate and consummately knowledgeable art collector and patron of works of decorative art, a critic, travel writer and sometime politician, reputed at one stage in his life to be the richest commoner in England. His parents were William Beckford and Maria Hamilton, daughter of the Hon. George Hamilton. He was Member of Parliament for Wells from 1784 to 1790, for Hindon from 1790 to 1795 and 1806 to 1820. He is remembered as the author of the Gothic novel Vathek, the builder of the remarkable lost Fonthill Abbey and Lansdown Tower , Bath, and especially for his art collection
1847 Manuel Menéndez President of Peru on three occasions, from 1841 to 1842 and twice in two brief periods in August 1844 and finally on October 1845.
1849 David Hendrik Chassé a Dutch soldier who fought both for and against Napoleon. He commanded the Third Netherlands Division that intervened at a crucial moment in the Battle of Waterloo. In 1830 he bombarded the city of Antwerp as commander of its citadel during the Belgian Revolution
1850 Joseph Plumb Martin a soldier in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, holding the rank of private for most of the war. His published narrative of his experiences, re-discovered in the 1950s, has become a valuable resource for historians in understanding the conditions of a common soldier of that era, as well as the battles in which Martin participated
1853 Christian Friedrich Schwägrichen a German botanist specializing in the field of bryology.
1853 Bezmiâlem Sultan the second wife of Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II, and the mother of Sultan Abdülmecid I of the Ottoman Empire.
1854 Sulpiz Boisserée a German art collector and art historian. With his brother Melchior he formed a collection that ultimately formed the basis of that of the Alte Pinakothek. He played a key role in the completion of Cologne Cathedral
1857 Alfred de Musset a French dramatist, poet, and novelist. Along with his poetry, he is known for writing La Confession d'un enfant du siècle from 1836
1859 Eliza Courtney the illegitimate daughter of the Whig politician and future Prime Minister Charles Grey and the society beauty Georgiana, Duchess of Devonshire, while Georgiana was married to William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire.
1862 Joseph Wolff born at Weilersbach, near Bamberg, Germany. He travelled widely, and was known as the Eccentric Missionary, according to Fitzroy Maclean's Eastern Approaches. He published several journals of his expeditions, especially Travels and Adventures of Joseph Wolff
1864 Giacomo Meyerbeer a German opera composer of Jewish birth who has been described as perhaps the most successful stage composer of the nineteenth century. With his 1831 opera Robert le diable and its successors, he gave the genre of grand opera 'decisive character'. Meyerbeer's grand opera style was achieved by his merging of German orchestra style with Italian vocal tradition. These were employed in the context of sensational and melodramatic libretti created by Eugène Scribe and were enhanced by the up-to-date theatre technology of the Paris Opéra. They set a standard which helped to maintain Paris as the opera capital of the nineteenth century
1869 Alexander Sergeyevich Menshikov a Finnish-Russian nobleman, military commander and statesman. He was made adjutant general in 1817 and admiral in 1833