May 20 in history

May 20 events chronologically

325 The First Council of Nicea – the first Ecumenical Council of the Christian Church is held
491 Empress Ariadne marries Anastasius I. The widowed Augusta is able to choose her successor for the Byzantine throne, after Zeno (late emperor) dies of dysentery
526 An earthquake kills about 250,000 people in what is now Syria and Antiochia
685 The Battle of Dun Nechtain is fought between a Pictish army under King Bridei III and the invading Northumbrians under King Ecgfrith, who are decisively defeated
1217 The Second Battle of Lincoln is fought near Lincoln, England, resulting in the defeat of Prince Louis of France by William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke
1293 King Sancho IV of Castile creates the Study of General Schools of Alcalá
1449 The Battle of Alfarrobeira is fought, establishing the House of Braganza as a principal royal family of Portugal

Top 7 most famous people born on May 20

1799 Honoré de Balzac a French novelist and playwright. His magnum opus was a sequence of short stories and novels collectively entitled La Comédie humaine, which presents a panorama of French life in the years after the 1815 fall of Napoleon Bonaparte
1806 John Stuart Mill a British philosopher, political economist and civil servant. He was an influential contributor to social theory, political theory and political economy. He has been called "the most influential English-speaking philosopher of the nineteenth century". Mill's conception of liberty justified the freedom of the individual in opposition to unlimited state control
1908 James Stewart an American film and stage actor, known for his distinctive drawl voice and down-to-earth persona. Over the course of his career, he starred in many films widely considered classics. He was known for portraying the average American middle class man, with everyday life struggles
1915 Moshe Dayan an Israeli military leader and politician. He was the second child born on the first kibbutz, but he moved with his family in 1921, and he grew up on a moshav. As commander of the Jerusalem front in Israel's War of Independence, Chief of staff of the Israel Defense Forces during the 1956 Suez Crisis, but mainly as Defense Minister during the Six-Day War, he became to the world a fighting symbol of the new state of Israel. After being blamed by some for the army's lack of preparation before the outbreak of the 1973 Yom Kippur War, he left the military and joined politics. As Foreign Minister Dayan played an important part in negotiating the peace treaty between Egypt and Israel
1946 Cher an American singer, actress, and television host. Described as embodying female autonomy in a male-dominated industry, she is known for her distinctive contralto singing voice and for having worked in various areas of entertainment, as well as adopting a variety of styles and appearances during her career, which has led to her being nicknamed the Goddess of Pop
1981 Iker Casillas a Spanish football goalkeeper who plays for and captains both Real Madrid and the Spanish national team. In 2008 he was the captain of the Spanish team that won their first European Championship in 44 years, the Spanish team that went on to win Spain's first World Cup and the 2012 European Championship
1982 Petr Čech a Czech footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Premier League club Chelsea and the Czech Republic national team. Čech previously played for Chmel Blšany, Sparta Prague, and Rennes. He is the second most capped player in the history of the Czech national team with 111 caps, and represented the country at the 2006 World Cup, as well as the 2004, 2008 and 2012 European Championships. He was voted into the Euro 2004 all-star team after helping the Czechs reach the semi-finals. Čech also received the individual award of Best Goalkeeper in the 2004–05, 2006–07 and 2007–08 seasons of the UEFA Champions League. In addition, he was named in the FIFPro and UEFA Champions League teams of the season in 2006. He is considered to be one of the best and most respected goalkeepers of his generation

Top 7 most famous people died on May 20

1506 Christopher Columbus a Genoese explorer, navigator, and colonizer, born in the Republic of Genoa. Under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain, he completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean. Those voyages, and his efforts to establish permanent settlements on the island of Hispaniola, initiated the Spanish colonization of the New World
1648 Władysław IV Vasa a Polish and Swedish prince from the House of Vasa. He reigned as King of Poland from 8 November 1632 to his death in 1648
1834 Gilbert du Motier Marquis de Lafayette a French aristocrat and military officer who fought for the United States in the American Revolutionary War, and was a close friend of George Washington. Lafayette was a key figure in the French Revolution of 1789 and the July Revolution of 1830
1947 Philipp Lenard a German physicist and the winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1905 for his research on cathode rays and the discovery of many of their properties. He was a nationalist and anti-Semite; as an active proponent of the Nazi ideology, he had supported Adolf Hitler in the 1920s and was an important role model for the "Deutsche Physik" movement during the Nazi period
2002 Stephen Jay Gould an American paleontologist, evolutionary biologist and historian of science. He was also one of the most influential and widely read writers of popular science of his generation. Gould spent most of his career teaching at Harvard University and working at the American Museum of Natural History in New York. In the later years of his life, Gould also taught biology and evolution at New York University
2011 Randy Savage an American professional wrestler and occasional color commentator best known for his time in World Wrestling Federation and World Championship Wrestling.
2012 Robin Gibb a singer, songwriter and record producer, best known as a member of the Bee Gees, formed with his brothers Barry and Maurice Gibb. Their younger brother Andy was also a singer. Gibb joined his first band the Rattlesnakes which formed in Manchester, England