Born on May 22

1124 Wiprecht of Groitzsch the Margrave of Meissen and the Saxon Ostmark from 1123 until his death. He was born to a noble family of the Altmark, the son of Wiprecht of Balsamgau and Sigena of Leinungen. After his father's death in 1060, he was raised at the court of Lothair Udo II, Margrave of the Nordmark, in Stade
1466 Marino Sanuto the Younger a Venetian historian.
1539 Edward Seymour 1st Earl of Hertford "Lord Hertford" redirects here, for other persons holding that title see Marquess of Hertford.
1558 Françoise de Cezelli a French war hero. She distinguished herself when the village of Leucate was besieged by Spanish forces allied with the Catholic League in 1590, after her husband, the governor, was captured and executed by the enemy
1570 Johann II Duke of Saxe-Weimar a Duke of Saxe-Weimar and Jena.
1618 Henrik Horn a freiherr, military, field marshal , admiral and member of the Privy Council of Sweden.
1622 Louis de Buade de Frontenac a French soldier, courtier, and Governor General of New France from 1672 to 1682 and from 1689 to his death in 1698. He established a number of forts on the Great Lakes and engaged in a series of battles against the English and the Iroquois
1645 Charles Louis Simonneau a French engraver.
1682 Peter Zorn a German librarian and philologist and Protestant theologian.
1694 Daniel Gran a painter born in Vienna in 1694 who died at Sankt Pölten in 1757. His pictures ornament several public buildings in his native city. He was of some consideration in his time, but his works are not known out of Austria and Germany today
1700 Michel-François Dandré-Bardon a French history painter and etcher.
1711 Guillaume du Tillot a French politician infused with liberal ideals of the Enlightenment, who from 1759 was the minister of the Duchy of Parma under Philip, Duke of Parma and his wife Princess Louise-Élisabeth of France. At a time when both Bourbon France and Bourbon Spain thought of Parma as a strategic point of interest, Tillot favoured French policies abroad and wide-ranging reforms within the Duchy of Parma. He was made marchese di Felino
1715 François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis a French cardinal and statesman. He was the sixth member elected to occupy seat 3 of the Académie française in 1744
1724 Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne a Breton-born French explorer who made important discoveries in the south Indian Ocean, in Tasmania and in New Zealand. Du Fresne was killed by Maori in 1772
1733 Hubert Robert a French painter, noted for his landscape paintings and picturesque depictions of ruins.
1737 Tethart Philipp Christian Haag a Dutch artist. He was born at Kassel in Germany
1748 Thomas Roberts (painter) an Irish landscape painter.
1752 Louis Legendre a French politician of the Revolution period.
1755 Ivan Akimov a Russian painter in the Classical style.
1762 William Robert Broughton a British naval officer in the late 18th century. As a Lieutenant in the Royal Navy, he commanded HMS Chatham as part of the Vancouver Expedition, a voyage of exploration through the Pacific Ocean led by Captain George Vancouver in the early 1790s
1762 Henry Bathurst 3rd Earl Bathurst a British politician.
1768 Victor de Fay de La Tour-Maubourg a French cavalry commander starting under the Ancien Régime of France, and rising to prominence during the First French Empire. He was a diplomat after the Bourbon Restoration, where he served as Minister of War, from 1819-1821
1770 Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom the seventh child and third daughter of King George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. After marrying the Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, Frederick VI, she took permanent residence in Germany as landgravine
1783 William Sturgeon an English physicist and inventor who made the first electromagnets, and invented the first practical English electric motor.
1788 William Broughton (bishop) the first Bishop of Australia of the Church of England.
1790 Antoine-Félix Boisselier a French painter. A native of Paris, he was of the same generation as Camille Corot and Achille Etna Michallon. He studied with his brother and Jean-Victor Bertin, and is known to have visited Italy around 1811, in which year he painted two oil studies of that country. He first entered the Salon in 1812, and exhibited frequently thereafter; in 1824 he won a second-class medal. In 1827 he entered the first Prix de Rome competition for historical landscape. He placed second behind Michalllon, but nevertheless appears to have traveled to Italy soon thereafter. Many of his Salon entries, and many images he submitted to provincial salons, were views of Italian sites and historical landscapes. Later in his career he painted in the Auvergne region, as well as the Dauphiné and Provence. Boisselier taught drawing at the École spéciale militaire de Saint-Cyr, and maintained a popular studio; he died in Versailles in 1857
1803 Charles II Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal a member of the House of Hesse and was Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal from 1849 until 1866.
1808 Gérard de Nerval the nom-de-plume of the French writer, poet, essayist and translator Gérard Labrunie, one of the most essentially Romantic of French poets.
1811 Giulia Grisi an Italian opera singer. She performed widely in Europe, the United States, and South America and is widely considered to be one of the leading sopranos of the 19th century
1812 Gabriel Aivazovsky an Armenian Archbishop, scientist, historian, and the brother of the artist Ivan Aivazovsky.
1813 Prince Leopold Count of Syracuse a prince of the Two Sicilies and known as the , Count of Syracuse.
1813 Richard Wagner primarily known for his operas. Unlike most opera composers, Wagner wrote both the libretto and the music for each of his stage works. Initially establishing his reputation as a composer of works in the romantic vein of Weber and Meyerbeer, Wagner revolutionised opera through his concept of the Gesamtkunstwerk , by which he sought to synthesise the poetic, visual, musical and dramatic arts, with music subsidiary to drama, and which was announced in a series of essays between 1849 and 1852. Wagner realised these ideas most fully in the first half of the four-opera cycle Der Ring des Nibelungen
1814 Amalia Lindegren a Swedish artist and painter. She was a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Arts
1814 Erasmus Ommanney a Royal Navy officer and an Arctic explorer of the Victorian era.
1820 Worthington Whittredge an American artist of the Hudson River School. Whittredge was a highly regarded artist of his time, and was friends with several leading Hudson River School artists including Albert Bierstadt and Sanford Robinson Gifford. He traveled widely and excelled at landscape painting, many examples of which are now in major museums. He served as president of the National Academy of Design from 1874 to 1875 and was a member of the selection committees for the 1876 Philadelphia Centennial Exposition and the 1878 Paris Exposition, both important venues for artists of the day
1820 Alexander Fesca a German composer and pianist.
1821 Alfred Sully a military officer during the American Civil War and during the Indian Wars on the frontier. He was also a noted actor, having acted in the very same play as the one Lincoln went to see shortly before his death
1823 Solomon Bundy an attorney and politician, a United States Representative from New York. He had earlier served as district attorney of Chenango County, New York
1823 Isabella Glyn a well-known Victorian-era Shakespearean actress.
1826 José Jerónimo Triana a Colombian botanist who catalogued 60,000 specimens representing 8,000 species.
1828 Albrecht von Graefe a pioneer of German ophthalmology. Graefe was born in Finkenheerd, Brandenburg, the son of Karl Ferdinand von Graefe. He was the father of the far right politician Albrecht von Graefe
1828 John Russell Reynolds a British neurologist and physician.
1828 Angelo Di Pietro a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and Prefect of the Congregation of the Council.
1833 Félix Bracquemond a French painter and etcher.
1834 Niwa Nagakuni a Japanese daimyo of the late Edo period who ruled Nihonmatsu han and was famous for his leadership of the domain during the Boshin War.
1837 Guillaume Fouace a French painter. He produced over 700 paintings in a realist style, mainly portraits, still lifes and landscapes - the Musée d'Orsay has some of them, whilst 40 are displayed in a 'Salle de Fouace' at the Musée Thomas-Henry in Cherbourg-Octeville
1840 James Morrow Walsh a North-West Mounted Police officer and the first Commissioner of the Yukon Territory.
1841 Catulle Mendès a French poet and man of letters.
1841 Hamilton Macallum a Scottish painter.
1842 Aleksei Ignatiev a Russian political figure. His brother Nicholas Pavlovich Ignatiev was Chairman of the Committee of Ministers between 1872 and 1880