Died on May 22

192 Dong Zhuo a politician and warlord who lived in the late Eastern Han Dynasty. He seized control of the capital Luoyang in 189 when it was in a state of turmoil following the death of Emperor Ling and a clash between the eunuch faction and some court officials led by General-in-Chief He Jin. Dong Zhuo subsequently deposed Emperor Shao and instated Emperor Xian
337 Constantine the Great Roman Emperor from 306 to 337. Constantine was the son of Flavius Valerius Constantius, a Roman army officer, and his consort Helena. His father became Caesar, the deputy emperor in the west in 293. Constantine was sent east, where he rose through the ranks to become a military tribune under the emperors Diocletian and Galerius. In 305, Constantius was raised to the rank of Augustus, senior western emperor, and Constantine was recalled west to campaign under his father in Britannia. Acclaimed as emperor by the army at Eburacum after his father's death in 306, Constantine emerged victorious in a series of civil wars against the emperors Maxentius and Licinius to become sole ruler of both west and east by 324
516 Pope John II (III) of Alexandria 30th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of Mark.
748 Empress Genshō the 44th monarch of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
1016 Jovan Vladimir the ruler of Duklja, the most powerful Serbian principality of the time, from around 1000 to 1016. He ruled during the protracted war between the Byzantine Empire and the First Bulgarian Empire. Vladimir was acknowledged as a pious, just, and peaceful ruler. He is recognized as a martyr and saint, with his feast day being celebrated on 22 May
1068 Emperor Go-Reizei the 70th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
1310 Saint Humility considered the founder of the Vallumbrosan Nuns.
1355 Humbert II of Viennois the Dauphin of the Viennois from 1333 to 16 July 1349. He was a son of the Dauphin John II and Beatrice of Hungary. Humbert was the last dauphin before the title went to the French crown, to be bestowed on the heir apparent
1437 Jean de Villiers de L'Isle-Adam governor of Paris, a Marshal of France and Knight in the Order of the Golden Fleece.
1455 Edmund Beaufort 2nd Duke of Somerset an English nobleman and an important figure in the Wars of the Roses and in the Hundred Years' War. He also succeeded in the title of 4th Earl of Somerset and was created 1st Earl of Dorset and 1st Marquess of Dorset , and Count of Mortain. He was known for his deadly rivalry with Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York
1455 Thomas Clifford 8th Baron de Clifford the elder son of John, 7th Baron de Clifford, and Elizabeth Percy, daughter of Henry "Hotspur" Percy and Elizabeth Mortimer.
1455 Henry Percy 2nd Earl of Northumberland an English nobleman and military commander in the lead up to the Wars of the Roses. He was the son of Henry "Hotspur" Percy, and the grandson of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland. His father and grandfather were killed in different rebellions against Henry IV in 1403 and 1408 respectively, and the young Henry spent his minority in exile in Scotland. Only after the death of Henry IV in 1413 was he reconciled with the Crown, and in 1416 he was created Earl of Northumberland
1457 Rita of Cascia an Italian Augustinian nun, widow and saint venerated in the Roman Catholic Church. Rita was married at an early age. The marriage lasted for 18 years, during which she is remembered for her Christian values as a model wife and mother who made efforts to convert her husband from his abusive behavior. Upon the murder of her husband by another feuding family, she sought to dissuade her sons from revenge before their calamitous death
1458 Humphrey Stafford Earl of Stafford the son of Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Lady Anne Neville.
1490 Edmund Grey 1st Earl of Kent the son of Sir John Grey, KG and Constance Holland. His main residence was at Wrest near Silsoe Bedfordshire
1538 John Forest an English Franciscan Friar and martyr.
1540 Francesco Guicciardini an Italian historian and statesman. A friend and critic of Niccolò Machiavelli, he is considered one of the major political writers of the Italian Renaissance. In his masterpiece, The History of Italy, Guicciardini paved the way for a new style in historiography, with his use of government sources to support arguments and the realistic analysis of the people and events of his time
1545 Sher Shah Suri the founder of the Sur Empire in North India, with its capital at Delhi. An ethnic Pashtun, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1540. After his accidental death in 1545, his son Islam Shah became his successor. He first served as a private before rising to become a commander in the Mughal army under Babur and then as the governor of Bihar. In 1537, when Babur's son Humayun was elsewhere on an expedition, Sher Khan overran the state of Bengal and established the Sur dynasty. A brilliant strategist, Sher Shah proved himself a gifted administrator as well as an able general. His reorganization of the empire laid the foundations for the later Mughal emperors, notably Akbar the Great, son of Humayun
1547 Daniel Metropolitan of Moscow Metropolitan of Moscow and all Russia in 1522–1539 and representative of the belligerent ecclesiastic circles interested in alliance with the princely authority.
1553 Giovanni Bernardi an Italian gem engraver and medallist who was born in Castel Bolognese, Italy. He was the son of a goldsmith and by 1530 had moved to Rome, where he had a position in the Papal mint, which also allowed him time to work for other patrons. These included Cardinal Ippolito de' Medici , Pope Clement VII , Cardinal Alessandro Farnese, the future Pope Paul III, as well as his grandson, also called Cardinal Alessandro Farnese. He was "a skillful composer of elegant nudes in elaborate scenes"
1602 Renata of Lorraine Duchess of Bavaria from 1568 to 1597.
1609 Pieter Willemsz. Verhoeff Verhoeff was a Dutch captain of the Admiralty of Amsterdam, notable for his voyage to Asia between 1607 and 1612
1666 Gaspar Schott a German Jesuit and scientist, specializing in the fields of physics, mathematics and natural philosophy, and known for his industry.
1667 Pope Alexander VII Pope from 7 April 1655 to his death in 1667.
1671 Aleksander Kazimierz Sapieha a Polish nobleman and bishop of Samogitia since 1660 and Wilno since 1667.
1688 Johannes Andreas Quenstedt a German Lutheran dogmatician in the Lutheran scholastic tradition.
1745 François-Marie 1st duc de Broglie a French military leader.
1760 Baal Shem Tov a Jewish mystical rabbi. He is considered to be the founder of Hasidic Judaism
1772 Durastante Natalucci an Italian historian who specialized in history of Trevi, in Umbria.
1782 Landgravine Friederike of Hesse-Darmstadt a member of the House of Hesse and by marriage a Duchess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
1791 Johan Andreas Murray a Swedish physician of German descent and botanist who published a major work on plant-derived medicines.
1795 Ewald Friedrich von Hertzberg a Prussian statesman.
1795 Friedrich Wilhelm Marpurg a German music critic, music theorist and composer. He was friendly and active with many figures of the Enlightenment of the 18th century
1802 Martha Washington the wife of George Washington, the first president of the United States. Although the title was not coined until after her death, Martha Washington is considered to be the first First Lady of the United States. During her lifetime she was often referred to as "Lady Washington"
1822 Charles Lefebvre-Desnouettes comte Lefebvre-Desnouettes or Lefèbvre-Desnoëttes became a French officer during the French Revolutionary Wars and a general during the Napoleonic Wars. He later emigrated to the United States
1825 Laskarina Bouboulina a Greek naval commander, heroine of the Greek War of Independence in 1821, and an Admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy.
1832 Archduchess Marie Caroline of Austria Ferdinanda of Austria, Crown Princess of Saxony.
1834 Johann Baptist Emanuel Pohl an Austrian botanist, entomologist, geologist, and physician.
1842 John Harfield Tredgold an English chemist in the Cape Colony in Africa. He held a number of voluntary roles including Secretary of the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society. The suburb of Cape Town called Harfield drew its name from Tredgold's middle name
1849 Girolamo Ramorino born in Genoa, in northern Italy.
1849 Maria Edgeworth a prolific Anglo-Irish writer of adults' and children's literature. She was one of the first realist writers in children's literature and was a significant figure in the evolution of the novel in Europe. She held advanced views, for a woman of her time, on estate management, politics and education, and corresponded with some of the leading literary and economic writers, including Sir Walter Scott and David Ricardo
1851 Mordecai Manuel Noah an American playwright, diplomat, journalist, and utopian. He was born in a family of Portuguese Sephardic ancestry. He was the most important Jewish lay leader in New York in the pre-Civil War period, and the first Jew born in the United States to reach national prominence
1856 Augustin Thierry a French historian.
1856 Albert Gottfried Dietrich a German botanist born in Danzig.
1857 Michael Hồ Đình Hy a Vietnamese mandarin official who was martyred for his Roman Catholic belief during the persecutions by Emperor Tự Đức. He was canonized in 1988 along with another 116 Vietnamese Martyrs
1859 Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies King of the Two Sicilies from 1830 until his early death in 1859.
1861 Thornsbury Bailey Brown None
1863 Alberto Cavos a Russian–Italian architect best known for his theatre designs, the builder of the Mariinsky Theatre in Saint Petersburg and the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow.
1864 Aimable Pélissier a marshal of France.
1867 Edward Hodges Baily an English sculptor who was born in Downend in Bristol.