Born on May 23

635 K'inich Kan B'alam II king of the pre-Columbian Maya polity of Baakal in the Classic period of Mesoamerican chronology, based around the ceremonial center and city now known as the Maya archaeological site of Palenque. Kan B'alam took the throne on January 10, 684, several months after the death of his father and predecessor, Pacal the Great. He continued the ambitious project of adorning Palenque with fine art and architecture begun by his father; his most important addition to the city of Palenque was the Temple of the Cross which is the center piece of the Temple of the Cross Complex. He was succeeded by his younger brother, K'inich K'an Joy Chitam II
1052 Philip I of France King of the Franks from 1060 to his death. His reign, like that of most of the early Capetians, was extraordinarily long for the time. The monarchy began a modest recovery from the low it reached in the reign of his father and he added to the royal demesne the Vexin and Bourges
1100 Emperor Qinzong of Song the ninth emperor of the Song Dynasty of China, and the last emperor of the Northern Song. His personal name was Zhao Huan. He reigned from January 1126 to January 1127
1304 Jehan de Lescurel a medieval poet and composer.
1598 Claude Mellan a French engraver and painter.
1606 Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz a Spanish Catholic scholastic philosopher, ecclesiastic, mathematician and writer.
1617 Elias Ashmole a celebrated English antiquary, politician, officer of arms, astrologer and student of alchemy. Ashmole supported the royalist side during the English Civil War, and at the restoration of Charles II he was rewarded with several lucrative offices
1629 William VI Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel from 1637 to 1663.
1654 Nicodemus Tessin the Younger a Swedish Baroque architect, city planner, and administrator.
1696 Johann Caspar Vogler a German organist and composer taught by Johann Sebastian Bach.
1707 Carl Linnaeus a Swedish botanist, physician, and zoologist, who laid the foundations for the modern biological naming scheme of binomial nomenclature. He is known as the father of modern taxonomy, and is also considered one of the fathers of modern ecology. Many of his writings were in Latin, and his name is rendered in Latin as Carolus Linnæus
1718 William Hunter (anatomist) a Scottish anatomist and physician. He was a leading teacher of anatomy, and the outstanding obstetrician of his day. His guidance and training of his ultimately more famous brother, John Hunter, was also of great importance
1729 Giuseppe Parini an Italian Enlightenment satirist and poet of the neoclassic period.
1730 Prince Augustus Ferdinand of Prussia a Prussian Prince and general, and Herrenmeister of the Bailiwick of Brandenburg of the Order of Saint John. He belonged to the House of Hohenzollern, and was the youngest son of Frederick William I of Prussia by his wife Queen Sophia Dorothea
1734 Franz Mesmer a German physician with an interest in astronomy, who theorised that there was a natural energetic transference that occurred between all animated and inanimate objects that he called animal magnetism, sometimes later referred to as mesmerism. The theory attracted a wide following between about 1780 and 1850, and continued to have some influence until the end of the century. In 1843 the Scottish physician James Braid proposed the term hypnosis for a technique derived from animal magnetism; today this is the usual meaning of mesmerism
1735 Charles-Joseph 7th Prince of Ligne Lamoral, 7th Prince de Ligne in French; in German Karl-Joseph Lamoral 7. Fürst von Ligne : was a Field marshal and writer, and member of the princely family of Ligne
1741 Andrea Luchesi an Italian composer.
1777 Friedrich Wilken a German historian , professor and librarian.
1783 Paisi Kaysarov a Russian general who served during the Napoleonic Wars.
1789 Franz Schlik an Earl and general in the Austrian Empire's army. He was one of the most successful Austrian generals during the Hungarian Revolution of 1848
1790 Jules Dumont d'Urville a French explorer, naval officer and rear admiral, who explored the south and western Pacific, Australia, New Zealand and Antarctica. As a botanist and cartographer he left his mark, giving his name to several seaweeds, plants and shrubs, and places such as D'Urville Island
1794 Ignaz Moscheles a Bohemian composer and piano virtuoso, whose career after his early years was based initially in London, and later at Leipzig, where he succeeded his friend and sometime pupil Felix Mendelssohn as head of the Conservatoire.
1795 Charles Barry an English architect, best known for his role in the rebuilding of the Palace of Westminster in London during the mid-19th century, but also responsible for numerous other buildings and gardens. He is known for his major contribution to the use of Italianate architecture in Britain, especially the use of the Palazzo as basis for the design of country houses, city mansions and public buildings. He also developed the Italian Renaissance garden style for the many gardens he designed around country houses
1799 Thomas Hood a British humorist and poet. His son, Tom Hood, became a well known playwright and editor
1804 Philipp Phoebus a German physician and pharmacologist.
1809 Hugo von Kirchbach a Prussian general who commanded the Prussian V Corps during the Franco-Prussian War.
1810 Margaret Fuller an American journalist, critic, and women's rights advocate associated with the American transcendentalism movement. She was the first full-time American female book reviewer in journalism. Her book Woman in the Nineteenth Century is considered the first major feminist work in the United States
1812 Henri-François-Alphonse Esquiros a French writer born in Paris. He usually wrote with the name Alphonse Esquiros
1813 Charles Jacque a French painter of animals and engraver who was, with Jean-François Millet, part of the Barbizon School. He first learned to engrave maps when he spent seven years in the French Army
1813 Mason Brayman an American attorney, newspaperman, and military officer. During his service to the Union Army during the American Civil War he rose to the rank of Brigadier general. Later in life, he became the seventh Governor of the Idaho Territory
1817 Gustave Thuret a noted French botanist, and founder of the Jardin botanique de la Villa Thuret.
1819 August von Kreling German sculptor born in Osnabrück. He studied with Cornelius and in 1853, became director of the Academy of Fine Arts Nuremberg. He became a member of the Munich Academy in 1876, and died in Nuremberg in that same year
1820 James Buchanan Eads a world-renowned American civil engineer and inventor, holding more than 50 patents.
1820 Lorenzo Sawyer an American lawyer and judge who was appointed the Supreme Court of California in 1860 and served as Chief Justice of California from 1868–70. He served as a circuit judge for the U.S. Circuit Courts for the Ninth Circuit beginning in 1870 and later served as the first judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit from June 1891 until his death
1823 Ante Starčević a Croatian politician and writer whose activities and works laid the foundations for the modern Croatian state. His works are considered to have laid the foundations for Croatian nationalism and is often referred to as "Father of the Homeland" by Croats
1824 Ambrose Burnside an American soldier, railroad executive, inventor, industrialist, and politician from Rhode Island, serving as governor and a U.S. Senator. As a Union Army general in the American Civil War, he conducted successful campaigns in North Carolina and East Tennessee, as well as countering the raids of Confederate General John Hunt Morgan, but suffered disastrous defeats at the terrible Battle of Fredericksburg and Battle of the Crater. His distinctive style of facial hair became known as sideburns, derived from his last name. He was also the first president of the National Rifle Association
1825 Gugsa of Yejju a Ras of Begemder , and Inderase of the Emperor of Ethiopia. According to Nathaniel Pearce, he took the Christian name of Wolde Mikael. He was the son of Mersu Barentu and Kefey, the sister of Ras Aligaz. Both Bahru Zewde and Paul Henze consider his reign as Ras and Enderase as the peak of the Yejju Dynasty during the Zemene Mesafint
1826 Adile Sultan an Ottoman princess, a female Diwan poet, and a philanthropist. She was the daughter of Sultan Mahmud II and sister of the Sultans Abdülmecid I and Abdülaziz
1834 Jānis Frīdrihs Baumanis the first professional Latvian architect. Baumanis designed the Riga Circus in 1888. He was responsible for a number of important public buildings of eclectic design constructed in the second half of the 19th century in Riga
1834 Carl Bloch a Danish painter.
1837 Józef Wieniawski a Polish pianist, composer, conductor and teacher. He was born in Lublin, the younger brother of the famous Polish violinist Henryk Wieniawski. After Liszt, he was the first pianist to publicly perform all the études by Chopin and to appear with Liszt in recitals in Paris, London, Copenhagen, Stockholm, Brussels, Leipzig and Amsterdam
1837 Anatole Mallet a Swiss mechanical engineer, who was the inventor of the first successful compound system for a railway steam locomotive, patented in 1874.
1838 Alfred Kirchhoff a German geographer and naturalist.
1842 Maria Konopnicka a Polish poet, novelist, writer for children and youth, a translator, journalist and critic, as well as an activist for women's rights and Polish independence. She used the pseudonym Jan Sawa and others. She was one of the most important Polish poets of the positivism in Poland period
1844 `Abdu'l-Bahá the eldest son of Bahá'u'lláh, the founder of the Bahá'í Faith. In 1892, `Abdu'l-Bahá was appointed in his father's will to be his successor and head of the Bahá'í Faith. `Abdu'l-Bahá was born in Tehran to an aristocratic family of the realm. At the age of eight his father was imprisoned and the family's possessions were looted, leaving them in virtual poverty. Along with his father, `Abdu'l-Bahá was exiled to Baghdad where the family lived for nine years
1846 Ernest Monis a French politician of the Third Republic, deputy of Gironde from 1885 to 1889 and then senator of the same department from 1891 to 1920. He was also Minister of Justice in Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau's Bloc des gauches's cabinet and Minister of the Navy in Gaston Doumergue's cabinet in 1913–1914
1846 Arabella Mansfield born Belle Aurelia Babb, became the first female lawyer in the United States in 1869, admitted to the Iowa bar; she made her career as a college educator and administrator. Despite an Iowa state law restricting the bar exam to males, Mansfield had taken it and earned high scores. Shortly after her court challenge, Iowa amended its licensing statute and became the first state to accept women and minorities into its bar
1848 Helmuth von Moltke the Younger a nephew of Field Marshal Count Moltke and served as the Chief of the German General Staff from 1906 to 1914. The two are often differentiated as Moltke the Elder and Moltke the Younger
1848 Otto Lilienthal a German pioneer of aviation who became known as the Glider King. He was the first person to make well-documented, repeated, successful gliding flights. Newspapers and magazines published photographs of Lilienthal gliding, favorably influencing public and scientific opinion about the possibility of flying machines becoming practical. He died of injuries sustained when his glider stalled and he was unable to regain control; falling from about 15 m , he fractured his neck
1848 Ernst von Ihne a German architect. He served as official architect to the German Emperor Frederick III and to his son and successor Wilhelm Among his best known works are the Prussian Royal Library building , the Neuer Marstall, and the Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum