Born on May 24

15 Germanicus a member of the Julio-Claudian dynasty and a prominent general of the early Roman Empire. He was born in Rome, Italia, and was named either Nero Claudius Drusus after his father or Tiberius Claudius Nero after his uncle. He was the grandson-in-law and great-nephew of the Emperor Augustus, nephew and adoptive son of the Emperor Tiberius, father of the Emperor Caligula, brother of the Emperor Claudius, and the maternal grandfather of the Emperor Nero. He received the agnomen Germanicus in 9 BC, when it was posthumously awarded to his father in honour of his victories in Germania
1494 Pontormo an Italian Mannerist painter and portraitist from the Florentine School. His work represents a profound stylistic shift from the calm perspectival regularity that characterized the art of the Florentine Renaissance. He is famous for his use of twining poses, coupled with ambiguous perspective; his figures often seem to float in an uncertain environment, unhampered by the forces of gravity
1522 John Jewel an English bishop of Salisbury.
1544 William Gilbert (astronomer) an English physician, physicist and natural philosopher. He passionately rejected both the prevailing Aristotelian philosophy and the Scholastic method of university teaching. He is remembered today largely for his book De Magnete , and is credited as one of the originators of the term "electricity". He is regarded by some as the father of electrical engineering or electricity and magnetism
1616 John Maitland 1st Duke of Lauderdale a Scottish politician, and leader within the Cabal Ministry.
1619 Philips Wouwerman a Dutch painter of hunting, landscape and battle scenes.
1625 Dmitry Troubetskoy the claimant to the Russian throne 1612, governor of Siberia, "duke of Shenkursk".
1628 Marek Sobieski (1628–1652) a Polish noble , starosta of Krasnystaw and Jaworów, older brother of King Jan III Sobieski of Poland. He graduated from Nowodworski College in Kraków and Kraków Academy, then traveled and studied in Western Europe. After returning to Poland in 1648 he fought against the Cossacks and Tatars at Zbaraż and Beresteczko. He was taken captive by Tatars in 1652 and then killed by Cossacks
1648 Albert V Duke of Saxe-Coburg a duke of Saxe-Coburg.
1671 Gian Gastone de' Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany the seventh and last Medicean Grand Duke of Tuscany. He was the second son of Grand Duke Cosimo III and Marguerite Louise d'Orléans. His sister, Electress Palatine Anna Maria Luisa, arranged his marriage to the wealthy and widowed Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg in 1697. The couple despised each other and had no children. As Grand Prince Ferdinando, Gian Gastone's elder brother, predeceased Cosimo III, Gian Gastone succeeded his father in 1723
1684 Charles Alexander Duke of Württemberg a Württemberg noble from 1698 who governed the Kingdom of Serbia as regent from 1720 until 1733, when he assumed the position of Duke of Württemberg, which he had held until his death.
1686 Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit best known for inventing the mercury-in-glass thermometer , and for developing a temperature scale now named after him.
1689 Daniel Finch 8th Earl of Winchilsea a British politician. Styled Lord Finch until 1730, he was the eldest son of Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham and his second wife Anne Hatton, daughter of Christopher Hatton, 1st Viscount Hatton. His father was a prominent Tory politician who had been one of the few leading Tories to actively support the Hanoverian succession
1693 Georg Rafael Donner one of the most prolific Austrian sculptors of the 18th century. His style was baroque with some pseudo-ancient additions. He educated many German sculptors of his era, including his son Matthäus Donner
1736 Johann Amadeus Francis de Paula Baron of Thugut an Austrian diplomat.
1743 Jean-Paul Marat a physician, political theorist and scientist best known for his career in France as a radical journalist and politician during the French Revolution. His journalism became renowned for its fierce tone, uncompromising stance toward the new leaders and institutions of the revolution, and advocacy of basic human rights for the poorest members of society
1748 Christian Ehrenfried Weigel a German scientist and, beginning in 1774, a professor of Chemistry, Pharmacy, Botany, and Mineralogy at the University of Greifswald.
1751 Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia King of Sardinia from 1796 to 1802. He abdicated in favour of his brother Victor Emmanuel I
1757 Semyon Gangeblov a Russian military commander of the Napoleonic Wars. He came of the Georgian noble family Gangeblidze , which emigrated to Russia in 1724
1759 Wilhelm Friedrich Ernst Bach the eldest son of Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach and the only grandson of Johann Sebastian Bach to gain fame as a composer. He was music director to Frederick William II of Prussia. He said, "Heredity can tend to run out of ideas."
1763 Pierre Gaspard Chaumette a French politician of the Revolutionary period.
1763 Robert Adair (politician) a distinguished English diplomat, and frequently employed on the most important diplomatic missions.
1770 Princess Louise of Prussia (1770–1836) a member of the House of Hohenzollern. She was a niece of Frederick the Great, being the second daughter and third child of Prince Augustus Ferdinand of Prussia by his wife Margravine Elisabeth Louise of Brandenburg-Schwedt
1781 Louis François Dauprat a French horn player, composer and music professor at the Conservatoire de Paris. He played and taught only natural horn, but was also very interested in the first experiments with keyed horns. He successfully ensured the development of a distinctively French school of playing, marginally influenced by the invention of the valve horn
1788 Manuel Rodríguez Torices a Neogranadine statesman, lawyer, journalist, and Precursor of the Independence of Colombia. He was part of the Triumvirate of the United Provinces of New Granada in 1815, and served as Vice President of the United Provinces after the triumvirate. He was executed during the Reign of Terror of Pablo Morillo in 1816
1793 Nicolai Anders von Hartwiss a Livonian-born Russian botanist, plant explorer and plant breeder.
1794 William Whewell an English polymath, scientist, Anglican priest, philosopher, theologian, and historian of science. He was Master of Trinity College, Cambridge. In his time as a student there, he achieved distinction in both poetry and mathematics
1802 Robert Baldwin Sullivan a Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician who became the 2nd Mayor of Toronto. He was also a member of the Orange Order in Canada
1803 Alexander von Nordmann a Finnish biologist.
1803 Charles Lucien Bonaparte a French biologist and ornithologist. Lucien and his wife had twelve children, including Cardinal Lucien Bonaparte
1810 Abraham Geiger a German rabbi and scholar who led the founding of Reform Judaism. He sought to remove all nationalistic elements from Judaism, stressing it as an evolving and changing religion
1811 Charles Clark (governor) Governor of Mississippi from November 16, 1863 until May 22, 1865.
1813 György Kmety a general in the Hungarian army, and in the Ottoman army under the name Isma'il pasha.
1816 Emanuel Leutze a German American history painter best known for his painting Washington Crossing the Delaware. He is associated with the Düsseldorf school of painting
1819 Queen Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. From 1 May 1876, she used the additional title of Empress of India
1820 William Chauvenet a professor of mathematics, astronomy, navigation, and surveying who was instrumental in the establishment of the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland, and later the second chancellor of Washington University in Louis
1820 Carl Ferdinand Appun a German naturalist. On the recommendation of Alexander von Humboldt Appun was employed by Frederick William IV of Prussia as a botanist in Venezuela where excepting a one year break in Germany, he spent ten years exploring the flora. After that he went to British Guayana, where he researched as a botanist on behalf the British government. He also visited parts of Brazil -the Rio Branco and Rio Negro on the Amazon to Tabatinga. During a visit in Germany he published a set of essays in different magazines. His best known work Unter den Tropen was at that time extremely popular.In 1871 he undertook a second exploration of Guyana, where he had an accident which led to his death. His last writings were essays about Indigenous peoples in Venezuela.. Appun described many new plant species and is also known as an entomologist
1830 Alexei Savrasov a Russian landscape painter and creator of the lyrical landscape style.
1831 Richard Hoffman (composer) an English-born American pianist and composer.
1836 Joseph Rowntree (philanthropist) a Quaker philanthropist and businessman from York, England. Rowntree is perhaps best known for being a champion of social reform, partner and friend of Charles Booth, and his time as a chocolatier at family business Rowntree's, one of the most important in Britain. Even as a powerful businessman, he was deeply interested in improving the quality of life of his employees; this led to him becoming a philanthropist, pursuing many charitable causes. In 1904 he created three trusts,the Joseph Rowntree Village Trust which was originally set up to build and manage the garden village of New Earswick, the Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust and the Joseph Rowntree Social Services Trust. The latter two were both set up to effect social reform, the difference between them being that whereas the Charitable Trust was set up as a charity, the Social Services Trust was set up as a limited company so that if necessary it would be able to undertake social and political work not legally allowed by a charitable Trust. He suggested that only the JRVT would be permanent but in fact all the trusts are still in existence although the Social Services Trust has changed its name to the Joseph Rowntree Reform Trust and with the separation of the Joseph Rowntree Housing Trust from the Village Trust in 1968, there are now four trusts
1840 Princess Margaretha of Saxony the eighth child and fifth eldest daughter of John of Saxony and his wife Amalie Auguste of Bavaria and a younger sister of Albert of Saxony and George of Saxony. She was born in Dresden, then in the Kingdom of Saxony. Through her marriage to Archduke Charles Louis of Austria, Margaretha was a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and an Archduchess and Princess of Austria and Princess of Hungary, Croatia, Bohemia, and Tuscany
1841 Sergey Terpigorev a Russian writer.
1844 Ivan Yarkovsky a Polish descent Russian civil engineer. He worked for a Russian railway company and was obscure in his own time. Beginning in the 1970s, long after Yarkovsky's death, his work on the effects of thermal radiation on small objects in the solar system was developed into the Yarkovsky effect and the YORP effect. The asteroid 35334 Yarkovsky is named in his honour †. In 1888 he also created a mechanical explanation of gravitation
1847 Radomir Putnik a first Serbian Field Marshal and Chief of the General Staff of the Serbian army in the Balkan Wars and in the First World War. He took part in all of the wars that Serbia waged from 1876 to 1917
1854 Prince Louis of Battenberg a British naval officer and German prince related to members of the British Royal Family.
1855 Arthur Wing Pinero an English actor and later an important dramatist and stage director.
1855 Ernst Jedliczka a Russian-German pianist, piano pedagogue, and music critic. The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition stated that Jedliczka "did much to spread Russian music in Germany, placing Russian composers in a prominent place within his concerts and devoting them to a series of articles."
1857 Richard Mansfield an English actor-manager best known for his performances in Shakespeare plays, Gilbert and Sullivan operas and for his portrayal of the dual title roles in Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde.
1860 Jack Robson an Englishman who was the full-time secretary manager of Middlesbrough, Crystal Palace and Brighton & Hove Albion, as well as manager of Manchester United. Robson started his managerial career with Middlesbrough, where he was paid £3 a week and declined to travel to away games as an economic measure. Despite his tight-fistedness he took the club from being an amateur outfit in the Northern League to a professional club in the First Division. He was also the first manager of Crystal Palace and coached the club to one of the greatest FA Cup shocks of all time when they defeated Newcastle United at St James' Park in 1907. He later managed Brighton & Hove Albion and started the concept of being a manager and not a secretary at Manchester United. He stepped down as United manager due to ill health in October 1921 and died of pneumonia on 11 January 1922
1861 Gerald Strickland 1st Baron Strickland a Maltese and British politician and peer, who served as Prime Minister of Malta, Governor of the Leeward Islands, Governor of Tasmania, Governor of Western Australia and Governor of New South Wales.