May 24 events in history

1218 The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt
1276 Magnus Ladulås is crowned King of Sweden in Uppsala Cathedral
1487 The ten-year-old Lambert Simnel is crowned in Christ Church Cathedral in Dublin, Ireland, with the name of Edward VI in a bid to threaten King Henry VII's reign
1595 Nomenclator of Leiden University Library appears, the first printed catalog of an institutional library
1607 100 English settlers disembark in Jamestown, the first English colony in America
1621 The Protestant Union is formally dissolved
1626 Peter Minuit buys Manhattan
1667 The French Royal Army crosses the border into the Spanish Netherlands, starting the War of Devolution opposing France to the Spanish Empire and the Triple Alliance
1689 The English Parliament passes the Act of Toleration protecting Protestants. Roman Catholics are intentionally excluded
1738 John Wesley is converted, essentially launching the Methodist movement; the day is celebrated annually by Methodists as Aldersgate Day and a church service is generally held on the preceding Sunday
1798 The Irish Rebellion of 1798 led by the United Irishmen against British rule begins
1813 South American independence leader Simón Bolívar enters Mérida, leading the invasion of Venezuela, and is proclaimed El Libertador ("The Liberator")
1822 Battle of Pichincha: Antonio José de Sucre secures the independence of the Presidency of Quito
1830 Mary Had a Little Lamb by Sarah Josepha Hale is published
1830 The first revenue trains in the United States begin service on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad between Baltimore, Maryland, and Ellicott's Mills, Maryland
1832 The First Kingdom of Greece is declared in the London Conference
1844 Samuel Morse sends the message "What hath God wrought" (a biblical quotation, Numbers 23:23) from the Old Supreme Court Chamber in the United States Capitol to his assistant, Alfred Vail, in Baltimore, Maryland, to inaugurate the first telegraph line
1856 John Brown and his men kill five slavery supporters at Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas
1861 American Civil War: Union troops occupy Alexandria, Virginia
1883 The Brooklyn Bridge in New York City is opened to traffic after 14 years of construction
1895 Henry Irving becomes the first person from the theatre to be knighted
1900 Second Boer War: The United Kingdom annexes the Orange Free State
1901 Seventy-eight miners die in the Caerphilly pit disaster in South Wales
1915 World War I: Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary
1921 The trial of Sacco and Vanzetti opens
1930 Amy Johnson lands in Darwin, Northern Territory, becoming the first woman to fly solo from England to Australia (she left on May 5 for the 11,000 mile flight)
1935 The first night game in Major League Baseball history is played in Cincinnati, Ohio, with the Cincinnati Reds beating the Philadelphia Phillies 2-1 at Crosley Field
1940 Igor Sikorsky performs the first successful single-rotor helicopter flight
1940 Acting on the orders of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, NKVD agent Iosif Grigulevich orchestrates an unsuccessful assassination attempt on exiled Russian revolutionary Leon Trotsky in Coyoacán, Mexico
1941 World War II: In the Battle of the Atlantic, the German Battleship Bismarck sinks then-pride of the Royal Navy, HMS Hood, killing all but three crewmen
1943 The Holocaust: Josef Mengele becomes chief medical officer of the Auschwitz concentration camp
1948 Arab–Israeli War: Egypt captures the Israeli kibbutz of Yad Mordechai, but the five-day effort gives Israeli forces time to prepare enough to stop the Egyptian advance a week later
1956 Conclusion of the Sixth Buddhist Council on Vesak Day, marking the 2,500 year anniversary after the Lord Buddha's Parinibbāna
1956 The first Eurovision Song Contest is held in Lugano, Switzerland
1958 United Press International is formed through a merger of the United Press and the International News Service
1960 Following the 1960 Valdivia earthquake, the largest ever recorded earthquake, Cordón Caulle begins to erupt
1961 American civil rights movement: Freedom Riders are arrested in Jackson, Mississippi, for "disturbing the peace" after disembarking from their bus
1961 Cyprus joins the Council of Europe
1962 Project Mercury: American astronaut Scott Carpenter orbits the Earth three times in the Aurora 7 space capsule
1963 Baldwin–Kennedy meeting on race relations in the US
1967 Egypt imposes a blockade and siege of the Red Sea coast of Israel
1968 FLQ separatists bomb the U.S. consulate in Quebec City
1970 The drilling of the Kola Superdeep Borehole begins in the Soviet Union
1976 The London to Washington, D.C., Concorde service begins
1976 The Judgement of Paris takes place in France, launching California as a worldwide force in the production of quality wine
1981 Ecuadorian president Jaime Roldós Aguilera, his wife, and his presidential committee die in an aircraft accident while travelling from Quito to Zapotillo minutes after the president gave a famous speech regarding the 24 de mayo anniversary of the Battle of Pichincha
1982 Liberation of Khorramshahr: Iranians recapture of the port city of Khorramshahr from the Iraqis during the Iran–Iraq War
1988 Section 28 of the United Kingdom's Local Government Act 1988, a controversial amendment stating that a local authority cannot intentionally promote homosexuality, is enacted
1991 Israel conducts Operation Solomon, evacuating Ethiopian Jews to Israel
1992 The last Thai dictator, General Suchinda Kraprayoon, resigns following pro-democracy protests