May 25 in history

May 25 events chronologically

1085 Alfonso VI of Castile takes Toledo, Spain, back from the Moors
1420 Henry the Navigator is appointed governor of the Order of Christ
1521 The Diet of Worms ends when Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, issues the Edict of Worms, declaring Martin Luther an outlaw
1644 Ming general Wu Sangui forms an alliance with the invading Manchus and opens the gates of the Great Wall of China at Shanhaiguan pass, letting the Manchus through towards the capital Beijing
1659 Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England following the restoration of the Long Parliament, beginning a second brief period of the republican government called the Commonwealth of England
1738 A treaty between Pennsylvania and Maryland ends the Conojocular War with settlement of a boundary dispute and exchange of prisoners
1798 United Irishmen Rebellion: The Carnew massacre, Dunlavin massacre and Carlow massacre take place

Top 7 most famous people born on May 25

1803 Ralph Waldo Emerson an American essayist, lecturer, and poet, who led the Transcendentalist movement of the mid-19th century. He was seen as a champion of individualism and a prescient critic of the countervailing pressures of society, and he disseminated his thoughts through dozens of published essays and more than 1,500 public lectures across the United States
1865 Pieter Zeeman a Dutch physicist who shared the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics with Hendrik Lorentz for his discovery of the Zeeman effect.
1887 Pio of Pietrelcina O.F.M. Cap. commonly known as Padre Pio, was a friar, priest, stigmatist and mystic of the Roman Catholic Order of Friars Minor Capuchin. Padre Pio became famous for bearing the stigmata for most of his life, which generated much interest and controversy around him. He is now venerated as a saint in the Catholic Church
1889 Igor Sikorsky a Russian American aviation pioneer in both helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft. He designed and flew the world's first multi-engine fixed-wing aircraft, the Russky Vityaz in 1913, and the first airliner, Ilya Muromets, in 1914
1939 Ian McKellen an English actor. He is the recipient of six Laurence Olivier Awards, a Tony Award, a Golden Globe Award, a Screen Actors Guild Award, a BIF Award, two Saturn Awards, four Drama Desk Awards and two Critics' Choice Awards. He has also received two Academy Award nominations, four BAFTA nominations and five Emmy Award nominations. McKellen's work spans genres ranging from Shakespearean and modern theatre to popular fantasy and science fiction. His notable film roles include Gandalf in The Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit trilogies and Magneto in the X-Men films
1976 Cillian Murphy an Irish actor of stage and screen. Since making his debut in his home country in the late 1990s, Murphy has also become a presence in British and American cinema—noted by critics for his performances in a wide range of roles
1977 Alberto Del Rio a Mexican professional wrestler, best known for his time with WWE under the ring name Alberto Del Rio. He is a former four time World Heavyweight champion in WWE, having held the WWE Championship twice and the World Heavyweight Championship twice. He is also a former holder of the CMLL World Heavyweight Championship. He won the 2011 Royal Rumble, and a WWE Championship contract in a 2011 Money in the Bank ladder match, making him the first, and so far, only wrestler to have won a Royal Rumble and Money in the Bank ladder match in the same year

Top 7 most famous people died on May 25

992 Mieszko I of Poland the ruler of the Polans from about 960 until his death. A member of the Piast dynasty, he was a son of Siemomysł, a grandchild of Lestek, the father of Bolesław I the Brave , the likely father of Sigrid the Haughty and the grandfather of Cnut the Great
1085 Pope Gregory VII Pope from 22 April 1073 to his death in 1085.
1681 Pedro Calderón de la Barca a dramatist, poet and writer of the Spanish Golden Age. During certain periods of his life he was also a soldier and a Roman Catholic priest. Born when the Spanish Golden Age theatre was being defined by Lope de Vega, he developed it further, his work being regarded as the culmination of the Spanish Baroque theatre. As such, he is regarded as one of Spain's foremost dramatists and one of the finest playwrights of world literature
1926 Symon Petliura a publicist, writer, journalist, Ukrainian politician, statesman of the Ukrainian People's Republic, and nationalist leader who led Ukraine's struggle for independence following the Russian Revolution of 1917.
1934 Gustav Holst an English composer, arranger and teacher. Best known for his orchestral suite The Planets, he composed a large number of other works across a range of genres, although none achieved comparable success. His distinctive compositional style was the product of many influences, Richard Wagner and Richard Strauss being most crucial early in his development. The subsequent inspiration of the English folksong revival of the early 20th century, and the example of such rising modern composers as Maurice Ravel, led Holst to develop and refine an individual style
1954 Robert Capa a Hungarian war photographer, photojournalist and also the companion and professional partner of photographer Gerda Taró. He covered five wars: the Spanish Civil War, the Second Sino-Japanese War, World War II across Europe, the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, and the First Indochina War. He documented the course of World War II in London, North Africa, Italy, the Battle of Normandy on Omaha Beach and the liberation of Paris
2014 Wojciech Jaruzelski a Polish military officer and communist politician. He was the last communist leader of the Polish People's Republic, served as First Secretary of the Polish United Workers' Party from 1981 to 1989, Prime Minister from 1981 to 1985 and the country's head of state from 1985 to 1990. He was also the last commander-in-chief of the Polish People's Army. He resigned from power after the Polish Round Table Agreement in 1989 which led to democratic elections in Poland. Jaruzelski was chiefly responsible for the imposition of martial law in Poland on 13 December 1981 in an attempt to crush the pro-democracy movements, which included Solidarity, the first non-Communist trade union in Warsaw Pact history. Thousands of journalists were silenced and opposition activists interned without charge; some people lost their lives during the events. The resulting socio-economic crisis led to the rationing of basic foods including materials and consumer products, while the median income of the population fell by as much as 40%. During Jaruzelski's rule from 1981 to 1989, around 700,000 people left the country