May 25 events in history

1085 Alfonso VI of Castile takes Toledo, Spain, back from the Moors
1420 Henry the Navigator is appointed governor of the Order of Christ
1521 The Diet of Worms ends when Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, issues the Edict of Worms, declaring Martin Luther an outlaw
1644 Ming general Wu Sangui forms an alliance with the invading Manchus and opens the gates of the Great Wall of China at Shanhaiguan pass, letting the Manchus through towards the capital Beijing
1659 Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England following the restoration of the Long Parliament, beginning a second brief period of the republican government called the Commonwealth of England
1738 A treaty between Pennsylvania and Maryland ends the Conojocular War with settlement of a boundary dispute and exchange of prisoners
1798 United Irishmen Rebellion: The Carnew massacre, Dunlavin massacre and Carlow massacre take place
1809 Chuquisaca Revolution: a group of patriots in Chuquisaca (modern day Sucre) revolt against the Spanish Empire, starting the South American Wars of Independence
1810 May Revolution: citizens of Buenos Aires expel Viceroy Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros during the May week, starting the Argentine War of Independence
1819 The Argentine Constitution of 1819 is promulgated
1837 The Rebels of Lower Canada (Quebec) rebel against the British for freedom
1865 In Mobile, Alabama, 300 are killed when an ordnance depot explodes
1878 Gilbert and Sullivan's comic opera H.M.S. Pinafore opens at the Opera Comique in London
1895 The playwright, poet, and novelist Oscar Wilde is convicted of "committing acts of gross indecency with other male persons" and sentenced to serve two years in prison
1895 The Republic of Formosa is formed, with Tang Ching-sung as its president
1914 The United Kingdom's House of Commons passes the Home Rule Act for devolution in Ireland
1925 Scopes Trial: John T. Scopes is indicted for teaching Charles Darwin's theory of evolution in Tennessee
1926 Sholom Schwartzbard assassinates Symon Petliura, the head of the government of the Ukrainian People's Republic, which is in government-in-exile in Paris
1935 Jesse Owens of Ohio State University breaks three world records and ties a fourth at the Big Ten Conference Track and Field Championships in Ann Arbor, Michigan
1936 The Remington Rand strike, led by the American Federation of Labor, begins
1938 Spanish Civil War: The bombing of Alicante takes place, with 313 deaths
1940 World War II: The German 2nd Panzer Division captures the port of Boulogne-sur-Mer; the surrender of the last French and British troops marks the end of the Battle of Boulogne
1946 The parliament of Transjordan makes Abdullah I of Jordan their Emir
1950 Public Transport: Green Hornet disaster. A Chicago Surface Lines streetcar crashes into a fuel truck, killing 33
1953 Nuclear testing: At the Nevada Test Site, the United States conduct their first and only nuclear artillery test
1953 The first public television station in the United States officially begins broadcasting as KUHT from the campus of the University of Houston
1955 In the United States, a night-time F5 tornado strikes the small city of Udall, Kansas, killing 80 and injuring 273. It is the deadliest tornado to ever occur in the state and the 23rd deadliest in the U.S
1955 First ascent of Kangchenjunga (8,586 m.), the third-highest mountain in the world, by a British expedition led by Charles Evans. Joe Brown and George Band reached the summit on May 25, followed by Norman Hardie and Tony Streather the next day
1961 Apollo program: The U.S. President John F. Kennedy announces before a special joint session of the Congress his goal to initiate a project to put a "man on the Moon" before the end of the decade
1961 The Bukit Ho Swee Fire, the biggest fire in Singapore history
1962 The Old Bay Line, the last overnight steamboat service in the United States, goes out of business
1963 In Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, the Organisation of African Unity is established
1966 Explorer program: Explorer 32 launches
1966 The first prominent dàzìbào during the Cultural Revolution in China is posted at Peking University
1967 Celtic F.C. from Glasgow, Scotland, becomes the first ever Northern European team to win the European Cup; with previous winners being from Spain, Italy and Portugal
1968 Gateway Arch Saint Louis Gateway Arch is dedicated
1973 HNS Velos (D-16), while participating in a NATO exercise and in order to protest against the dictatorship in Greece, anchored at Fiumicino, Italy, refusing to return to Greece
1977 Star Wars is released in theaters, inspiring the Jediism religion and Geek Pride Day holiday
1977 Chinese government removes a decade old ban on William Shakespeare's work, effectively ending the Cultural Revolution started in 1966
1979 American Airlines Flight 191: In Chicago, a McDonnell Douglas DC-10 crashes during takeoff at O'Hare International Airport killing all 271 on board and two people on the ground
1979 Etan Patz, who is six years old, disappears from the street just two blocks away from his home in New York City, prompting an international search for the child, and causing the U.S. President Ronald Reagan to designate May 25 as National Missing Children's Day (in 1983)
1981 In Riyadh, the Gulf Cooperation Council is created between Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates
1982 HMS Coventry is sunk during the Falklands War
1985 Bangladesh is hit by a tropical cyclone and storm surge, which kills approximately 10,000 people
1986 Hands Across America takes place
1997 A military coup in Sierra Leone replaces President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah with Major Johnny Paul Koromah
1999 The United States House of Representatives releases the Cox Report which details the People's Republic of China's nuclear espionage against the U.S. over the prior two decades
2000 Liberation Day of Lebanon. Israel withdraws its army from most of the Lebanese territory after 22 years of its first invasion in 1978
2001 Erik Weihenmayer, 32 years old, of Boulder, Colorado, becomes the first blind person to reach the summit of Mount Everest
2002 China Airlines Flight 611 disintegrates in mid-air and crashes into the Taiwan Strait. All 225 people on board are killed