Born on May 26

1264 Prince Koreyasu the seventh shogun of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan. He was the nominal ruler controlled by the Hōjō clan regents
1478 Pope Clement VII Pope from 19 November 1523 to his death in 1534.
1564 Ahmad Sirhindi an Indian Islamic scholar of Arab origin, a Hanafi jurist, and a prominent member of the Naqshbandī Sufi order. He has been described as the Mujaddid Alf Thānī, meaning the "reviver of the second millennium", for his work in rejuvenating Islam and opposing the heterodoxies prevalent in the time of Mughal Emperor Akbar. While early South Asian scholarship credited him for contributing to conservative trends in Indian Islam, more recent works, notably by ter Haar, Friedman, and Buehler, have pointed to Sirhindi's significant contributions to Sufi epistemology and practices
1566 Mehmed III sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1595 until his death.
1591 Olimpia Maidalchini the sister-in-law of Pope Innocent She rose to prominence as one of the most powerful women in Rome of her era and influenced foreign and domestic papal policy as well as several papal conclaves.
1602 Philippe de Champaigne a Brabançon-born French Baroque era painter, a major exponent of the French school. He was a founding member of the Académie de peinture et de sculpture
1623 William Petty an English economist, scientist and philosopher. He first became prominent serving Oliver Cromwell and Commonwealth in Ireland. He developed efficient methods to survey the land that was to be confiscated and given to Cromwell's soldiers. He also managed to remain prominent under King Charles II and King James II, as did many others who had served Cromwell
1650 John Churchill 1st Duke of Marlborough an English soldier and statesman whose career spanned the reigns of five monarchs. Rising from a lowly page at the court of the House of Stuart, he served James, Duke of York, through the 1670s and early 1680s, earning military and political advancement through his courage and diplomatic skill. Churchill's role in defeating the Monmouth Rebellion in 1685 helped secure James on the throne, yet just three years later he abandoned his Catholic patron for the Protestant Dutchman, William of Orange. Honoured for his services at William's coronation with the earldom of Marlborough, he served with further distinction in the early years of the Nine Years' War, but persistent charges of Jacobitism brought about his fall from office and temporary imprisonment in the Tower. It was not until the accession of Queen Anne in 1702 that Marlborough reached the zenith of his powers and secured his fame and fortune
1667 Abraham de Moivre a French mathematician known for de Moivre's formula, one of those that link complex numbers and trigonometry, and for his work on the normal distribution and probability theory. He was a friend of Isaac Newton, Edmond Halley, and James Stirling. Among his fellow Huguenot exiles in England, he was a colleague of the editor and translator Pierre des Maizeaux
1669 Sébastien Vaillant a French botanist.
1699 Nikita Trubetskoy a Russian statesman and Field Marshal , minister of defense of Russia 1760.
1700 Nicolaus Zinzendorf a German religious and social reformer and bishop of the Moravian Church.
1722 Washington Shirley 5th Earl Ferrers a British Royal Navy officer, peer, freemason and amateur astronomer.
1765 Johann Wolf a German naturalist and ornithologist.
1773 Hans Georg Nägeli a composer and music publisher.
1781 Sir George Staunton 2nd Baronet an English traveller and Orientalist.
1790 Albert Joseph Goblet d'Alviella an officer in the army of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. After the Belgian Revolution, he became a politician and served as Prime Minister of Belgium
1796 Armand Joseph Bruat a French admiral.
1796 Aloys II Prince of Liechtenstein the sovereign Prince of Liechtenstein between 1836 and 1858. He was a son of Johann I Joseph, Prince of Liechtenstein and wife Landgravine Josepha of Fürstenberg-Weitra, nephew of Aloys I and father of Johann II and Franz Alois contributed actively to Liechtenstein's economic and political development
1799 August Kopisch a German poet and painter.
1810 Christen Købke born in Copenhagen to Peter Berendt Købke, a baker, and his wife Cecilie Margrete. He was one of 11 children. Købke is one of the best known artists belonging to the Golden Age of Danish Painting
1822 Princess Augusta Reuss of Köstritz the consort and first wife of Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
1822 Edmond de Goncourt a French writer, literary critic, art critic, book publisher and the founder of the Académie Goncourt.
1825 Jacques Bosch a Catalan guitarist and song composer who established himself in Paris.
1826 Grand Duchess Elizabeth Mikhailovna of Russia the second child and daughter of Grand Duke Mikhail Pavlovich of Russia and Princess Charlotte of Württemberg who took the name Elena Pavlovna upon her conversion to the Orthodox faith. Through her father, Elizabeth was a granddaughter of Tsar Paul I of Russia, and a niece of both Russian emperors Alexander I and Nicholas I
1826 Richard Christopher Carrington an English amateur astronomer whose 1859 astronomical observations demonstrated the existence of solar flares as well as suggesting their electrical influence upon the Earth and its aurorae; and whose 1863 records of sunspot observations revealed the differential rotation of the Sun.
1828 Florvil Hyppolite the President of Haiti from 17 October 1889 to 24 March 1896. He was a career soldier, a general. He was installed as president by a constitutional council. He was reportedly under the influence of Victoire Jean-Baptiste, mistress of his successor Tirésias Simon Sam
1828 Boris Chicherin a Russian jurist and political philosopher, who worked out a theory that Russia needed a strong, authoritative government to persevere with liberal reforms. By the time of the Russian Revolution, Chicherin was probably the most reputable legal philosopher and historian in Russia
1835 Edward Porter Alexander a military engineer, railroad executive, planter, and author. He served first as an officer in the United States Army and later, during the American Civil War , in the Confederate Army, rising to the rank of brigadier general
1841 Wilhelm Tomaschek a Czech-Austrian geographer and orientalist. Born at Olmütz, in Moravia, he received his education at Vienna, becoming first teacher at the gymnasium, and after 1877 professor of geography at the University of Graz
1846 Augustus Raymond Margary a British diplomat and explorer. The murder of Margary and his entire staff, while surveying overland Asian trade routes, sparked the Margary Affair which led to the Chefoo Convention
1846 Eduard von Grützner a German painter and professor of art especially noted for his genre paintings of monks. He also repeatedly portrayed Falstaff
1849 Hubert von Herkomer a British painter of German descent, and also a pioneering film-director and composer. Though a very successful portraitist, especially of men, he is mainly remembered for his earlier works that took a realistic approach to the conditions of life of the poor. Hard Times, showing the family of a travelling day-labourer at the side of a road, is probably his best known work
1853 John Wesley Hardin an American outlaw, gunfighter, and controversial folk icon of the Old West. Hardin found himself in trouble with the law at an early age, and spent the majority of his life being pursued by both local lawmen and federal troops during the Reconstruction Era. He often used the residences of family and friends to hide out from the law. Hardin is known to have had at least one encounter with the famous lawman "Wild Bill" Hickok
1856 George Strong (composer) an American composer of classical music. His work has been described as Romantic. He moved to Vevey, Switzerland in 1897 and lived there and in Geneva for the remainder of his life. Although his career was in Europe, he is considered an American composer
1858 Horace Smith-Dorrien a British soldier. One of the few British survivors of the Battle of Isandlwana as a young officer, he also distinguished himself in the Second Boer War
1858 Sara Adler a Russian-born Jewish actress in Yiddish theater who made her career mainly in the United States.
1863 Charles-Victor Langlois a French historian and paleographer, who specialized in the study of the Middle Ages and taught at the Sorbonne where he taught paleography, bibliography, and the history of the Middle Ages.
1863 William Jackson Bean a British botanist and plantsman, who was curator of Kew Gardens from 1922 to 1929. He was responsible for some of the present collections of trees and woody plants there
1863 Bob Fitzsimmons a British / New Zealand professional boxer who made boxing history as the sport's first three-division world champion. He also achieved fame for beating Gentleman Jim Corbett, the man who beat John Sullivan and is in The Guinness Book of World Records as the lightest Heavyweight Champion. Nicknamed "Ruby Robert" and "The Freckled Wonder", he took pride in his lack of scars and appeared in the ring wearing heavy woollen underwear to conceal the disparity between his trunk and leg-development. He was also known for his pure fighting skills due to dislike of training for fights, which would ultimately cost him at times in his career
1865 Robert W. Chambers an American artist and fiction writer, best known for his book of short stories entitled The King in Yellow, published in 1895.
1867 Mary of Teck Queen consort of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Empress of India, as the wife of King-Emperor George V.
1871 Camille Huysmans a Belgian politician.
1873 Hans Ludendorff a German astronomer and astrophysicist. He was the younger brother of General Erich Ludendorff
1873 Olaf Gulbransson a Norwegian artist, painter and designer. He is probably best known for his caricatures and illustrations
1874 Laura of Saint Catherine of Siena a Colombian nun. In 1914 she founded the Congregation of the Missionary Sisters of Mary Immaculate and Catherine of Siena. She was known for her work with Indigenous peoples, and as a strong role model for South American girls. She was beatified by Pope John Paul II in 2004. Laura was canonized by Pope Francis on 12 May 2013, along with Antonio Primaldo and his companions and Maria Guadalupe Garcia Zavala. Laura is the first Colombian to be made a Roman Catholic saint
1874 Henri Farman an Anglo-French pilot, aviator and aircraft designer and manufacturer with his brother Maurice Farman. His family was British and he took French nationality in 1937
1877 Sadao Araki a general in the Imperial Japanese Army before and during World War A charismatic leader and one of the principal nationalist right-wing political theorists in the Empire of Japan, he was regarded as the leader of the radical faction within the politicized Imperial Japanese Army and served as Minister of War under Prime Minister Inukai. He later served as Minister of Education during the Konoe and Hiranuma administrations
1878 Spencer Gore (artist) a British painter of landscapes, music-hall scenes and interiors, usually with single figures. He was the first president of the Camden Town Group, and was influenced by the Post-Impressionists
1879 Gorazd (Pavlík) the hierarch of the revived Orthodox Church in Moravia, the Church of Czechoslovakia, after World War During World War II, having provided refuge for the assassins of SS-Obergruppenfuhrer Reinhard Heydrich, called The Hangman of Prague, in the cathedral of Saints Cyril and Methodius in Prague, Gorazd took full responsibility for protecting the patriots after the Schutzstaffel found them in the crypt of the cathedral. This act guaranteed his execution, thus his martyrdom, during the reprisals that followed. His feast day is celebrated on August 22 or September 4