Died on May 26

604 Augustine of Canterbury a Benedictine monk who became the first Archbishop of Canterbury in the year 597. He is considered the "Apostle to the English" and a founder of the English Church
735 Bede an English monk at the monastery of Saint Peter at Monkwearmouth and its companion monastery, Saint Paul's, in modern Jarrow , Northeast England, both of which were located in the Kingdom of Northumbria. He is well known as an author and scholar, and his most famous work, Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum gained him the title "The Father of English History"
819 Ali al-Ridha the seventh descendant of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and the eighth of the Twelve Imams, according to the Twelver Shia sect of Islam as well as an Imam of knowledge according to the Zaydi Shia school and Sufis. His given name was 'Alī ibn Mūsā ibn Ja'far
946 Edmund I King of England from 939 until his death. He was a son of Edward the Elder and half-brother of Æthelstan. Athelstan died on 27 October 939, and Edmund succeeded him as king
1035 Berenguer Ramon I Count of Barcelona the count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona from 1018 to his death.
1055 Adalbert Margrave of Austria the Margrave of Austria from 1018 until his death in 1055. He was a member of the House of Babenberg
1076 Ramon Berenguer I Count of Barcelona Count of Barcelona in 1035–1076. He promulgated the earliest versions of a written code of Catalan law, the Usages of Barcelona
1093 Rostislav Vsevolodovich the Prince of Pereyaslavl , son of Vsevolod I of Kiev, and half brother of Vladimir Monomakh. He fought at Stugna river against the Cumans and drowned while fleeing the battle
1241 Roger-Bernard II Count of Foix the sixth count of Foix from 1223 until his death. He was the son and successor of the illustrious count Raymond-Roger and his wife Philippa of Montcada
1339 Aldona of Lithuania Queen consort of Poland , and a princess of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. She was the daughter of Gediminas, Grand Duke of Lithuania
1362 Louis I of Naples a member of the Capetian House of Anjou who reigned as King of Naples, Count of Provence and Forcalquier, and Prince of Taranto.
1384 John II Count of Armagnac the son of John I, Count of Armagnac, of Fezensac and Rodez, Viscount Lomagne and Auvillars and Beatrix de Clermont, great-granddaughter of Louis IX of France.
1421 Mehmed I the sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1413 to 1421. He was one of the sons of Bayezid I and Devlet Hatun
1512 Bayezid II the eldest son and successor of Mehmed II, ruling as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1481 to 1512. During his reign, Bayezid II consolidated the Ottoman Empire and thwarted a Safavid rebellion soon before abdicating his throne to his son, Selim He is most notable for evacuating Jews from Spain after the proclamation of the Alhambra Decree and resettling them throughout the Ottoman Empire
1535 Francesco Berni an Italian poet. He is credited for beginning what is now known as "Bernesque poetry", a serio-comedic type of poetry with elements of satire
1552 Sebastian Münster a German cartographer, cosmographer, and a Christian Hebraist scholar. His work, the Cosmographia from 1544, was the earliest German description of the world
1583 Esmé Stewart 1st Duke of Lennox the son of John Stewart, 5th Lord of Aubigny who was the younger brother of Matthew Stewart, 4th Earl of Lennox. Sir James Melville described him as "of nature, upright, just, and gentle"
1584 Samuel Zborowski a Polish military commander and a notable member of the szlachta. He is best remembered for having been executed by supporters of the Polish king Stefan Batory and chancellor Jan Zamoyski; an event which caused much uproar among the contemporary Polish nobility
1647 Alse Young the first recorded instance of execution for witchcraft in the thirteen American colonies.
1648 Vincent Voiture the son of a rich wine merchant of Amiens. He was introduced by a schoolfellow, the count Claude d'Avaux, to Gaston, Duke of Orléans, and accompanied him to Brussels and Lorraine on diplomatic missions
1653 Robert Filmer an English political theorist who defended the divine right of kings. His best known work, Patriarcha, published posthumously in 1680, was the target of numerous Whig attempts at rebuttal, including Algernon Sidney's Discourses Concerning Government, James Tyrrell's Patriarcha Non Monarcha and John Locke's Two Treatises of Government. Filmer also wrote critiques of Thomas Hobbes, John Milton, Hugo Grotius and Aristotle
1679 Ferdinand Maria Elector of Bavaria a Wittelsbach ruler of Bavaria and an elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 1651 to 1679.
1685 Charles II Elector Palatine Elector Palatine from 1680 to 1685. He was the son of Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine and Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel
1696 Countess Albertine Agnes of Nassau a regent of Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe. She was the sixth child and fifth daughter of stadtholder Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange and Amalia of Solms-Braunfels
1702 Zeb-un-Nisa an Imperial Princess of the Mughal Empire as the eldest child of Emperor Aurangzeb and his Empress consort Dilras Banu Begum. She was also a poet, who wrote under the pen name "Makhfi". Imprisoned by her father in the last 20 years of her life at Salimgarh Fort, Delhi, Princess Zeb-un-Nissa is remembered as a poet, and her writings were collected posthumously as Diwan-i-Makhfi
1703 Samuel Pepys now most famous for the diary he kept for a decade while still a relatively young man. Although Pepys had no maritime experience, he rose by patronage, hard work, and his talent for administration to be the Chief Secretary to the Admiralty under both King Charles II and subsequently King James II
1727 Francesco Farnese Duke of Parma reigned as the seventh and penultimate Farnese Duke of Parma and Piacenza from 1694 until his death. Married to Dorothea Sophia of the Palatinate, his brother Odoardo's widow, to avoid the return of her dowry, Francesco curtailed court expenditure, enormous under his father and predecessor, Ranuccio II, while preventing the occupation of his Duchy of Parma, nominally a Papal fief, during the War of the Spanish Succession
1742 Pylyp Orlyk a Zaporozhian Cossack starshyna, Hetman in exile, diplomat, secretary and close associate of Hetman Ivan Mazepa.
1746 Thomas Southerne an Irish dramatist.
1762 Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten a German philosopher.
1774 Wilhelm Reinhard von Neipperg an Austrian general.
1782 Ali II ibn Hussein the fourth leader of the Husainid Dynasty and the ruler of Tunisia from 1759 until his death in 1782.
1799 James Burnett Lord Monboddo a Scottish judge, scholar of linguistic evolution, philosopher and deist. He is most famous today as a founder of modern comparative historical linguistics. In 1767 he became a judge in the Court of Session. As such, Burnett adopted an honorary title based on the name of his father's estate and family seat, Monboddo House. Monboddo was one of a number of scholars involved at the time in development of early concepts of evolution. Some credit him with anticipating in principle the idea of natural selection that was developed into a scientific theory by Charles Darwin
1818 Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly a Russian Field Marshal and Minister of War during Napoleon's invasion in 1812 and War of the Sixth Coalition.
1818 Manuel Rodríguez Erdoíza a Chilean lawyer and guerrilla leader, considered one of the founders of independent Chile. Rodríguez was of Basque descent
1821 Constance Mayer a French painter of portraits, allegorical subjects, miniatures and genre works. She had "a brilliant but bitter career."
1824 Capel Lofft an English lawyer, minor political figure and miscellaneous writer.
1824 Kaumualii the last independent Aliʻi ʻAimoku of Kauaʻi and Niʻihau before becoming a vassal of Kamehameha I of the unified Kingdom of Hawaiʻi in 1810. He was the 23rd high chief of Kauaʻi, reigning from 1794-1810
1831 Henryk Ignacy Kamieński a Polish brigadier general. He fought on the French side in the Napoleonic Wars and then on the Polish side in the November Uprising
1832 Bonifacio Asioli a composer of classical and church music. He was also a child prodigy, having commenced to study music when five years of age and composing several masses and a piano concerto by age eight. By the time he was eighteen, he had composed five masses, twenty-four other works for church and theatre, and many instrumental pieces
1840 Sidney Smith (Royal Navy officer) a British naval officer. Serving in the American and French revolutionary wars, he later rose to the rank of admiral. Napoleon Bonaparte, reminiscing later in his life, said of him: "That man made me miss my destiny"
1844 Jacques Laffitte a French banker and politician.
1845 Jónas Hallgrímsson an Icelandic poet, author and naturalist. He was one of the founders of the Icelandic journal Fjölnir, which was first published in Copenhagen in 1835. The magazine was used by Jónas and his fellow Fjölnismenn to promote Icelandic nationalism, in the hope of giving impetus to the Icelandic Independence Movement. Jónas remains one of Iceland's most beloved poets, penning some of the best-known Icelandic poems about Iceland and its people
1851 Karl Christian Traugott Friedemann Goebel a German pharmacist and chemist.
1855 Jean Isidore Harispe a distinguished French soldier of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, as well as a of the following period. Harispe was created a Marshal of France in 1851
1862 Isaac Babbitt used extensively in engine bearings today.
1870 Johann Heinrich Blasius a German zoologist. His son, August Wilhelm Heinrich Blasius , was an ornithologist
1872 Robert Wight a Scottish surgeon and botanist who spent 30 years in India. He studied botany in Edinburgh under John Hope. He was the director of the Botanic Garden in Madras. He made use of local artists to make illustrations of the plants around him. He learned the art of lithography and used it to publish the Icones Plantarum Indiae Orientalis in six volumes in 1856. He spent the time between 1819-1853 in India and devoted most of that time to the study of plants
1872 William Stimpson a noted American scientist. He was interested particularly in marine biology. Stimpson became an important early contributor to the work of the Smithsonian Institution and later, director of the Chicago Academy of Sciences
1873 August Conradi a German organist and composer. Born in Berlin, he was originally intended by his father to study theology. Instead, he was enrolled at the Akademie der Künste in Berlin. There he studied harmony and composition with Carl Friedrich Rungenhagen, director of the Berlin Singakademie. In 1843, he became a church organist of Invalidenhaus, Berlin, also writing his first symphony plus a Zigeunerpolka for orchestra the same year. The latter was arranged for piano by Hungarian pianist and composer Franz Liszt. Conradi held various conducting appointments; these included Stettin , Berlin , Düsseldorf , and Cologne , then Berlin again at such theaters as Kroll's, the Wallner-Theater and the Victoria-Theater