May 26 events in history

17 Germanicus returns to Rome as a conquering hero; he celebrates a triumph for his victories over the Cherusci, Chatti and other German tribes west of the Elbe
451 Battle of Avarayr between Armenian rebels and the Sassanid Empire takes place. The Empire defeats the Armenians militarily but guarantees them freedom to openly practice Christianity
946 King Edmund I of England is murdered by a thief whom he personally attacks while celebrating St Augustine's Mass Day
1135 Alfonso VII of León and Castile is crowned in León Cathedral as Imperator totius Hispaniae, "Emperor of all of Spain"
1293 An earthquake strikes Kamakura, Kanagawa, Japan, killing about 30,000
1328 William of Ockham, the Franciscan Minister-General Michael of Cesena and two other Franciscan leaders secretly leave Avignon, fearing a death sentence from Pope John XXII
1538 Geneva expels John Calvin and his followers from the city. Calvin lives in exile in Strasbourg for the next three years
1573 The Battle of Haarlemmermeer, a naval engagement in the Dutch War of Independence
1637 Pequot War: A combined Protestant and Mohegan force under the English Captain John Mason attacks a Pequot village in Connecticut, massacring approximately 500 Native Americans
1644 Portuguese Restoration War: Portuguese and Spanish forces both claim victory in the Battle of Montijo
1647 Alse Young, hanged in Hartford, Connecticut, becomes the first person executed as a witch in the British American colonies
1736 Battle of Ackia: British and Chickasaw soldiers repel a French and Choctaw attack on the Chickasaw village of Ackia, near present-day Tupelo, Mississippi. The French, under the governor of Louisiana, Jean Baptiste Le Moyne, Sieur de Bienville, had sought to link Louisiana with Acadia and the other northern colonies of New France
1770 The Orlov Revolt, an attempt to revolt against the Ottoman Empire before the Greek War of Independence, ends in disaster for the Greeks
1783 A Great Jubilee Day held at North Stratford, Connecticut, celebrated end of fighting in American Revolution
1805 Napoléon Bonaparte assumes the title of King of Italy and is crowned with the Iron Crown of Lombardy in Milan Cathedral, the gothic cathedral in Milan
1821 Establishment of the Peloponnesian Senate by the Greek rebels
1822 116 people die in the Grue Church fire, the biggest fire disaster in Norway's history
1828 Feral child Kaspar Hauser is discovered wandering the streets of Nuremberg
1830 The Indian Removal Act is passed by the U.S. Congress; it is signed into law by President Andrew Jackson two days later
1857 Dred Scott is emancipated by the Blow family, his original owners
1864 Montana is organized as a United States territory
1865 American Civil War: the Confederate General Edmund Kirby Smith, commander of the Confederate Trans-Mississippi division, is the last full general of the Confederate Army to surrender, at Galveston, Texas
1869 Boston University is chartered by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
1879 Russia and the United Kingdom sign the Treaty of Gandamak establishing an Afghan state
1896 Nicholas II becomes the last Tsar of Imperial Russia
1896 Charles Dow publishes the first edition of the Dow Jones Industrial Average
1897 Dracula, a novel by the Irish author Bram Stoker, is published
1900 Thousand Days' War: The Colombian Conservative Party turns the tide of war in their favor with victory against the Colombian Liberal Party in the Battle of Palonegro
1906 Vauxhall Bridge is opened in London
1908 At Masjed Soleyman (مسجد سليمان) in southwest Persia, the first major commercial oil strike in the Middle East is made. The rights to the resource are quickly acquired by the Anglo-Persian Oil Company
1917 Several powerful tornadoes rip through Illinois, including the city of Mattoon, killing 101 people and injuring 689
1918 The Democratic Republic of Georgia is established
1923 24 Hours of Le Mans, was first held, and has since been run annually in June
1936 In the House of Commons of Northern Ireland, Tommy Henderson begins speaking on the Appropriation Bill. By the time he sits down in the early hours of the following morning, he had spoken for 10 hours
1938 In the United States, the House Un-American Activities Committee begins its first session
1940 World War II: Operation Dynamo – In northern France, Allied forces begin a massive evacuation from Dunkirk, France
1940 World War II: The Siege of Calais ends with the surrender of the British and French garrison
1942 World War II: The Battle of Gazala takes place
1948 The U.S. Congress passes Public Law 80-557, which permanently establishes the Civil Air Patrol as an auxiliary of the United States Air Force
1966 British Guiana gains independence, becoming Guyana
1969 Apollo program: Apollo 10 returns to Earth after a successful eight-day test of all the components needed for the forthcoming first manned moon landing
1970 The Soviet Tupolev Tu-144 becomes the first commercial transport to exceed Mach 2
1971 Bangladesh Liberation War: The Pakistan Army slaughters at least 71 Hindus in Burunga, Sylhet, Bangladesh
1972 Willandra National Park is established in Australia
1972 The United States and the Soviet Union sign the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty
1977 George Willig climbs the South Tower of New York City's World Trade Center
1981 Italian Prime Minister Arnaldo Forlani and his coalition cabinet resign following a scandal over membership of the pseudo-masonic lodge P2 (Propaganda Due)
1981 An EA-6B Prowler crashes on the flight deck of the aircraft carrier USS Nimitz (CVN-68), killing 14 crewmen and injuring 45 others
1983 A strong 7.7 magnitude earthquake strikes Japan, triggering a tsunami that kills at least 104 people and injures thousands. Many people go missing and thousands of buildings are destroyed
1986 The European Community adopts the European flag