Born on May 28

82 Marcus Caelius Rufus an orator and politician in the late Roman Republic. He was born into a wealthy equestrian family from Interamnia Praetuttiorum , on the central east coast of Italy. He is best known for his trial for public violence in March 56 BC, when Cicero defended him in the extant speech Pro Caelio, and as both recipient and author of some of the best-written letters in the ad Familiares corpus of Cicero's extant correspondence. He may be the Rufus named in the poems of Catullus
1140 Xin Qiji a Chinese poet, military leader and statesman during the Southern Song dynasty.
1369 Muzio Sforza an Italian condottiero. Founder of the Sforza dynasty, he led a Bolognese-Florentine army at the Battle of Casalecchio
1371 John the Fearless Duke of Burgundy from 1404 to 1419. For a period he was regent for his mentally ill first cousin Charles VI of France and a member of the Valois Dynasty
1514 Shimazu Takahisa a daimyo during Japan's Sengoku period. He was the fifteenth head of the Shimazu clan
1524 Selim II the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1566 until his death in 1574. He was a son of Suleiman the Magnificent and Haseki Hürrem Sultan
1537 Ismail II the third Safavid Shah of Iran.
1562 John William Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg a Duke of Jülich-Cleves-Berg.
1588 Pierre Séguier a French statesman, chancellor of France from 1635. He is known for his appearance in The Three Musketeers
1604 Catherine of Brandenburg ruler of Transylvania between 1629 and 1630.
1614 Gustav Evertsson Horn a Finnish-Swedish military and politician. He was a member of the Privy Council of Sweden and Governor General
1641 Johann Weikhard von Valvasor a natural historian from Carniola, present-day Slovenia, and a fellow of the Royal Society in London.
1656 Anton Florian Prince of Liechtenstein the Prince of Liechtenstein between 1718 and 1721.
1660 George I of Great Britain King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1 August 1714 until his death, and ruler of the Duchy and Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg in the Holy Roman Empire from 1698.
1663 António Manoel de Vilhena the 66th Prince and Grand Master of the Order of Malta from 19 June 1722 to his death in 1736.
1676 Jacopo Riccati an Italian mathematician, born in Venice. He is now remembered for the Riccati equation. He died in Treviso in 1754
1689 Maximilian of Hesse-Kassel a prince of Hesse-Kassel and a Generalfeldzeugmeister, Generalfeldmarschall and finally Reichsgeneralfeldmarschall in the army of the Holy Roman Empire.
1692 Geminiano Giacomelli an Italian composer.
1712 Jacques Claude Marie Vincent de Gournay a French economist and intendant of commerce. He is said by some historians of economics to have coined the phrase laissez faire, laissez passer. Together with François Quesnay, whose disciple he was, he was a leader of the Physiocratic School
1731 Johann August Ephraim Goeze a German zoologist from Aschersleben.
1735 François Christophe de Kellermann a French military commander, later the Général d'Armée, and a Marshal of France. Marshal Kellermann served in varying roles throughout the entirety of two epochal conflicts, the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars
1736 Timothy Matlack a brewer and beer bottler who emerged as a popular revolutionary leader and powerful official in the War of Independence. Secretary of Pennsylvania during the war, and a delegate to the Second Continental Congress in 1780, he became one of Pennsylvania's most provocative and influential political figures. Removed from office by his political enemies at the end of the war, he returned to power in the Jeffersonian era
1738 Joseph-Ignace Guillotin a French physician who proposed on 10 October 1789 the use of a device to carry out death penalties in France, as a less painful method of execution. While he did not invent the guillotine, and in fact opposed the death penalty, his name became an eponym for The actual inventor of the prototype was Antoine Louis
1740 Fedot Shubin widely regarded as the greatest sculptor of 18th-century Russia.
1759 William Pitt the Younger a British politician of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. He became the youngest Prime Minister in 1783 at the age of 24. He left office in 1801, but was Prime Minister again from 1804 until his death in 1806. He was also the Chancellor of the Exchequer throughout his premiership. He is known as "the Younger" to distinguish him from his father, William Pitt the Elder, who had previously served as Prime Minister
1760 Alexandre de Beauharnais a French political figure and general during the French Revolution. He was the first husband of Joséphine Tascher de la Pagerie, who later married Napoleon Bonaparte and became Empress of the First Empire
1763 Manuel Alberti a priest from Buenos Aires, when the city was part of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata. He had a curacy at Maldonado, Uruguay during the British invasions of the Río de la Plata, and returned to Buenos Aires in time to take part in the May Revolution of 1810. He was chosen as one of the seven members of the Primera Junta, which is considered the first national government of Argentina. He supported most of the proposals of Mariano Moreno and worked at the Gazeta de Buenos Ayres newspaper. The internal disputes of the Junta had a negative effect on his health, and he died of a heart attack in 1811
1764 Edward Livingston an American jurist and statesman. He was an influential figure in the drafting of the Louisiana Civil Code of 1825, a civil code based largely on the Napoleonic Code. He represented both New York, and later Louisiana in Congress and he served as the U.S. Secretary of State from 1831 to 1833
1779 Thomas Moore an Irish poet, singer, songwriter, and entertainer, now best remembered for the lyrics of The Minstrel Boy and The Last Rose of Summer. He was responsible, with John Murray, for burning Lord Byron's memoirs after his death. In his lifetime he was often referred to as Anacreon Moore
1786 Louis McLane an American lawyer and politician from Wilmington, in New Castle County, Delaware, and Baltimore, Maryland. He was a veteran of the War of 1812 and a member of the Federalist Party and later the Democratic Party. He served as the U.S. Representative from Delaware, U.S. Senator from Delaware, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, U.S. Secretary of State, Minister Plenipotentiary to the United Kingdom, and President of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
1788 Carl Ludwig Christian Rümker a German astronomer. In German, his name is spelt Karl Ludwig Christian Rümker; he was also known as Charles Rümker, Charles Rumker, Charles Luis Rumker, Christian Carl Ludwig Rümker and Charles Stargard Rumker
1789 Bernhard Severin Ingemann a Danish novelist and poet.
1796 Joseph-Henri Léveillé a French physician and mycologist who was a native of Crux-la-Ville, in the department of Nièvre.
1807 Louis Agassiz a Swiss-born and European-trained biologist and geologist recognized as an innovative and prodigious scholar of Earth's natural history, with later American writings that have received scrutiny because of particular racial themes. Agassiz grew up in Switzerland, and studied and received Doctor of Philosophy and medical degrees at Erlangen and Munich, respectively. After further studies with Cuvier and von Humboldt in Paris, Agassiz proceeded with research leading to his appointment as professor of natural history at University of Neuchâtel
1810 Alexandre Calame a Swiss painter.
1818 P. G. T. Beauregard a Louisiana-born American military officer, politician, inventor, writer, civil servant, and the first prominent general of the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. Today he is commonly referred to as G. Beauregard, but he rarely used his first name as an adult. He signed correspondence as T. Beauregard
1830 Carl Filtsch a Transylvanian pianist and composer. He was a child prodigy, and student of Frédéric Chopin
1835 Édouard Hervé a French journalist, historian and politician.
1836 Friedrich Baumfelder a German composer of classical music, conductor, and pianist. He started in the Leipzig Conservatory, and went on to become a well-known composer of his time. His many works were mostly solo salon music, but also included symphonies, piano concertos, operas, and choral works. Though many publishers published his work, they have since fallen into obscurity
1836 Alexander Mitscherlich a German chemist.
1837 George Ashlin an Irish architect, particularly noted for his work on churches and cathedrals. He had an early association with leading architect E.W. Pugin
1837 Tony Pastor an American impresario, variety performer and theatre owner who became one of the founding forces behind American vaudeville in the mid-to-late nineteenth century. He was sometimes referred to as the "Father of Vaudeville". The strongest elements of his entertainments were an almost jingoistic brand of United States patriotism and a strong commitment to attracting a mixed-gender audience, the latter being something revolutionary in the male-oriented variety halls of the mid-century
1837 Samuel D. McEnery Douglas McEnery served as the 30th Governor of Louisiana from 1881 until 1888, and as a United States Senator from 1897 until 1910. He was the brother of John McEnery, one of the candidates in the contested 1872 election for Louisiana Governor
1838 Nikolai Naumov a Russian writer.
1839 Luigi Capuana an Italian author and journalist and one of the most important members of the Verist movement. He was a contemporary of Giovanni Verga, both having been born in the province of Catania within a year of each other. He was also one of the first authors influenced by the works of Émile Zola, French author and creator of Naturalism. Capuana also wrote poetry in Sicilian, of which an example appears below
1840 Hans Makart a 19th-century Austrian academic history painter, designer, and decorator; most well known for his influence on Gustav Klimt and other Austrian artists, but in his own era considered an important artist himself and a celebrity figure in the high culture of Vienna, attended with almost cult-like adulation.
1841 Giovanni Sgambati an Italian pianist and composer.
1841 Sakaigawa Namiemon a sumo wrestler from Ichikawa, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. He was the sport's 14th yokozuna
1843 J. E. Preston Muddock a prolific British journalist and author of mystery and horror fiction. For a time his detective stories were as popular as those of Arthur Conan Doyle. Between 1889 and 1922 he published nearly 300 detective and mystery stories
1848 Maria Bernarda Bütler a Swiss saint. She founded the Congregation of the Franciscan Missionary Sisters of Mary Help of Christians and was a missionary in Ecuador. Eventually, her congregation had houses in Colombia, Austria, and Brazil