Died on May 29

1040 Renauld I Count of Nevers a French nobleman. He was the ruling count of Nevers from 1028 until his death
1259 Christopher I of Denmark King of Denmark between 1252 and 1259. He was the son of Valdemar II of Denmark by his wife, Infanta Berengária of Portugal. He succeeded his brothers Eric IV Plovpenning and Abel of Denmark on the throne. Christopher was elected King upon the death of his older brother Abel in the summer of 1252. He was crowned at Lund Cathedral on Christmas Day 1252
1275 Sophie of Thuringia Duchess of Brabant the second wife and only Duchess consort of Henry II, Duke of Brabant and Lothier. She was the heiress of Hesse which she passed on to her son, Henry upon her retention of the territory following her partial victory in the War of the Thuringian Succession in which she was one of the belligerents. Sophie was the founder of the Brabant dynasty of Hesse
1311 James II of Majorca King of Majorca and Lord of Montpellier from 1276 until his death. He was the second son of James I of Aragon and his wife Violant, daughter of Andrew II of Hungary. In 1279, by the Treaty of Perpignan, he became a vassal of the Crown of Aragon
1327 Jens Grand a Danish archbishop of Lund , titular Archbishop of Riga and Terra Mariana , and Prince-Archbishop of Bremen , known as the central figure of the second ecclesiastical struggle in Denmark in the late 13th century. He was an outstanding jurist of canon law
1379 Henry II of Castile the first King of Castile and León from the House of Trastámara. He became king in 1369 by defeating his half-brother, King Peter, after numerous rebellions and battles. As king he was involved in the Ferdinand Wars and the Hundred Years' War
1405 Philippe de Mézières born at the chateau of Mézières in Picardy.
1425 Hongxi Emperor the fourth emperor of the Ming Dynasty of China. He succeeded his father, the Yongle Emperor, in 1424. His era name means "Vastly bright"
1438 Giordano Orsini (died 1438) an Italian cardinal who enjoyed an extensive career in the early fifteenth century. He was a member of the powerful Roman family of the Orsini
1453 Ulubatlı Hasan a Timarli Sipâhî in the service of Sultan Mehmed II of the Ottoman Empire who achieved legendary status as a heroic Turkish martyr at the successful Siege of Constantinople.
1453 Constantine XI Palaiologos the last reigning Byzantine Emperor, reigning as a member of the Palaiologos dynasty from 1449 to his death in battle at the fall of Constantinople. Following his death, he became a legendary figure in Greek folklore as the "Marble Emperor" who would awaken and recover the Empire and Constantinople from the Ottomans. His death marked the end of the Roman Empire, which had continued in the East for 977 years after the fall of the Western Roman Empire
1500 Bartolomeu Dias a Portuguese explorer. He sailed around the southernmost tip of Africa in 1488, the first European known to have done so
1511 Nicolás de Ovando a Spanish soldier from a noble family and a Knight of the Order of Alcántara. He was Governor of the Indies from 1502 until 1509. His administration is perhaps best known for its brutal treatment of the native Taíno population of Hispaniola
1546 David Beaton Archbishop of St Andrews and the last Scottish Cardinal prior to the Reformation.
1586 Adam Lonicer a German botanist, noted for his 1557 revised version of Eucharius Rösslin’s herbal.
1593 John Penry Wales's most famous Protestant martyr.
1660 Frans van Schooten most known for popularizing the analytic geometry of René Descartes.
1691 Cornelis Tromp a Dutch naval officer. He was the son of Lieutenant Admiral Maarten Tromp. He became Lieutenant Admiral General in the Dutch Navy and briefly Admiral General in the Danish Navy. He fought in the first three Anglo-Dutch Wars and in the Scanian War
1695 Giuseppe Recco an Italian still life painter.
1716 Carl Piper a Swedish statesman. He entered the foreign office after completing his academical course at Uppsala, accompanied Benedict Oxenstjerna on his embassage to Russia in 1673, and attracted the attention of Charles XI during the Scanian War by his extraordinary energy and ability
1771 Johann Adolph Hass a German clavichord and harpsichord maker, the son of Hieronymus Albrecht Hass, who was also a clavier maker. He should not be confused with the German composer Johann Adolph Hasse
1790 Israel Putnam an American army general officer and Freemason, popularly known as "Old Put", who fought with distinction at the Battle of Bunker Hill during the American Revolutionary War. His reckless courage and fighting spirit were known far beyond Connecticut's borders through the circulation of folk legends celebrating his exploits
1793 John Webber an English artist who accompanied Captain Cook on his third Pacific expedition. He is best known for his images of Australasia, Hawaii and Alaska
1796 Carl Fredrik Pechlin a Swedish politician and demagogue, son of the Holstein minister at Stockholm, Johan Pechlin, and brother of Johanna Lohm. After moving to Sweden at age six, he was educated in Sweden, and entered the Swedish army. He rose to the rank of major-general, but became famous by being the type par excellence of the corrupt and egoistic Swedish parliamentarian of the final period of the Age of Liberty; he received for many years the sobriquet of 'General of the Riksdag'
1803 Louis-Antoine Caraccioli a prolific French writer, poet, historian, and biographer long time considered an "enemy of Philosophy" because of his broad apologetic production.
1809 Johannes von Müller a Swiss historian.
1814 Joséphine de Beauharnais the first wife of Napoleon I, and thus the first Empress of the French.
1824 Jean-Baptiste Willermoz a French Freemason and Martinist who played an important role in the establishment of various systems of Masonic high-degrees in his time in both France and Germany.
1829 Humphry Davy a Cornish chemist and inventor. He is best remembered today for his discoveries of several alkali and alkaline earth metals, as well as contributions to the discoveries of the elemental nature of chlorine and iodine. Berzelius called Davy's 1806 Bakerian Lecture On Some Chemical Agencies of Electricity "one of the best memoirs which has ever enriched the theory of chemistry." He was a 1st Baronet, President of the Royal Society , Member of the Royal Irish Academy , and Fellow of the Geological Society
1830 Louis-Jérôme Gohier a French politician of the Revolutionary period.
1833 Paul Johann Anselm Ritter von Feuerbach a German legal scholar. His major work was a reform of the Bavarian penal code which became a model for several other countries
1847 Emmanuel de Grouchy Marquis de Grouchy a French general and marshal.
1858 Johann Moritz Rugendas a German painter, famous for his works depicting landscapes and ethnographic subjects in several countries in the Americas, in the first half of the 19th century. Rugendas is also the subject of the 2000 novel by César Aira, An Episode in the Life of a Landscape Painter
1859 Robert Pashley a 19th-century English traveller and economist.
1861 Joachim Lelewel a Polish historian, bibliographer, polyglot and politician, from a Polonized branch of a Prussian family.
1862 Henry Thomas Buckle an English historian, author of an unfinished History of Civilization and a very strong amateur chess player.
1865 Nicolas Eugène Géruzez a French critic.
1865 Eduard Knoblauch a German architect.
1865 Bernard Pierre Magnan a Marshal of France.
1866 Winfield Scott a United States Army general, and unsuccessful presidential candidate of the Whig Party in 1852.
1868 Julius Friedrich Heinrich Abegg a German criminalist.
1868 Levi Lincoln Jr. an American lawyer and politician from Worcester, Massachusetts. He was the 13th Governor of Massachusetts and represented the state in the U.S. Congress. Lincoln's nine-year tenure as governor is the longest consecutive service in state history; only Michael Dukakis , John Hancock and Caleb Strong served more years, but they were not consecutive
1873 Prince Friedrich of Hesse and by Rhine the haemophiliac second son of Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse, and Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, one of the daughters of Queen Victoria.
1874 Jean-Louis Hamon a French painter.
1876 Friedrich Christian Diez a philologist. The two works on which his fame rests are the Grammar of the Romance Languages , and the Etymological Dictionary of the Romance Languages. He spent most of his career at University of Bonn
1881 Johannes Hildebrandt a German explorer, collector, and scientist.
1883 Princess Marianne of the Netherlands a member of the House of Orange-Nassau, by birth Princess of the Kingdom of the United Netherlands and by marriage Princess of the Kingdom of Prussia.
1885 Paul 6th duc de Noailles a French nobleman and historian.
1891 Peregrin Obdržálek a Catholic priest, author of religious literature, satire, and humorous tales and verses.
1892 Bahá'u'lláh the founder of the Bahá'í Faith. He claimed to be the prophetic fulfilment of Bábism, a 19th-century outgrowth of Shí‘ism, but in a broader sense claimed to be a messenger from God referring to the fulfilment of the eschatological expectations of Islam, Christianity, and other major religions