Born on May 3

1217 Henry I of Cyprus King of Cyprus from 1218 to 1253. He was the son of Hugh I of Cyprus and Alice of Champagne of Jerusalem. When his father Hugh I died on January 10, 1218, the 8-month-old Henry became king. His mother was the official Regent, but handed off the actual governing to her uncle, Philip of Ibelin. When Philip died, the effective regency passed to his brother, John of Ibelin, the Old Lord of Beirut
1276 Louis Count of Évreux a prince, the third son of King Philip III of France and his second wife Maria of Brabant, and thus a half-brother of King Philip IV of France.
1415 Cecily Neville Duchess of York an English noblewoman, the wife of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York and the mother of two Kings of England, Edward IV and Richard III. Cecily Neville was called "the Rose of Raby", because she was born at Raby Castle in Durham, and "Proud Cis", because of her pride and a temper that went with Historically she is also known for her piety. She herself signed her name "Cecylle"
1428 Pedro González de Mendoza a Spanish cardinal and statesman.
1446 Margaret of York Duchess of Burgundy as the third wife of Charles the Bold and acted as a protector of the Duchy after his death. She was a daughter of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and Cecily Neville, and the sister of two Kings of England, Edward IV and Richard III. She was born at Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire, England, and she died at Mechelen in the Low Countries
1469 Niccolò Machiavelli an Italian historian, politician, diplomat, philosopher, humanist, and writer based in Florence during the Renaissance. He was for many years an official in the Florentine Republic, with responsibilities in diplomatic and military affairs. He was a founder of modern political science, and more specifically political ethics. He also wrote comedies, carnival songs, and poetry. His personal correspondence is renowned in the Italian language. He was Secretary to the Second Chancery of the Republic of Florence from 1498 to 1512, when the Medici were out of power. He wrote his masterpiece, The Prince, after the Medici had recovered power and he no longer held a position of responsibility in Florence
1479 Henry V Duke of Mecklenburg the reigning Duke of Mecklenburg in the region Mecklenburg-Schwerin, the son of Duke Magnus II and Sophie of Pomerania-Stettin.
1620 Bogusław Radziwiłł a princely magnate and a member of the Polish-Lithuanian szlachta, or nobility. He was of the Radziwiłł magnate family. By birth he was an Imperial Prince of the Holy Roman Empire. A descendant of the famous knight Zawisza Czarny
1632 Catherine of St. Augustine a French canoness regular who was instrumental in the development of the Hôtel-Dieu de Québec in service to the colony of New France. She has been beatified by the Catholic Church
1649 Johann Valentin Meder a German composer, organist, and singer.
1662 Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann a German master builder who helped to rebuild Dresden after the fire of 1685.
1670 Nicholas Mavrocordatos a Greek member of the Mavrocordatos family, Grand Dragoman to the Divan , and consequently the first Phanariote Hospodar of the Danubian Principalities - Prince of Moldavia, and Prince of Wallachia. He was succeeded as Grand Dragoman by his son John Mavrocordato , who was for a short while hospodar in both Wallachia and Moldavia
1678 Amaro Rodríguez Felipe a famous Spanish pirate.
1695 Henri Pitot a French hydraulic engineer and the inventor of the pitot tube.
1729 Florian Leopold Gassmann a German-speaking Bohemian opera composer of the transitional period between the baroque and classical eras. He was one of the principal composers of dramma giocoso immediately before Mozart
1744 Claude Bigot de Sainte-Croix French Foreign Minister.
1748 Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès a French Roman Catholic abbé, clergyman and political writer. He was one of the chief political theorists of the French Revolution, and also played a prominent role in the French Consulate and First French Empire. His 1789 pamphlet What is the Third Estate? became the de facto manifesto of the Revolution, helping to transform the Estates-General into the National Assembly in June 1789. In 1799, he was among the instigators of the coup d'état of 18 Brumaire , which brought Napoleon Bonaparte to power. He also coined the term "sociologie" in an unpublished manuscript, and made significant theoretical contributions to the nascent social sciences
1761 August von Kotzebue a German dramatist and writer who also worked as a consul in Russia and Germany.
1764 Johann Wilhelm Meigen a German entomologist famous for his pioneering work on Diptera.
1764 Princess Élisabeth of France a French princess and the youngest sibling of King Louis XVI. During the French Revolution, she remained beside the king and his family and was executed at Place de la Révolution in Paris during the Terror
1768 Charles Tennant a Scottish chemist and industrialist. He discovered bleaching powder and founded an industrial dynasty
1773 Giuseppe Acerbi an Italian naturalist, explorer and composer.
1779 Jean Vincent Félix Lamouroux a French biologist and naturalist, noted for his seminal work with algae.
1783 José de la Riva Agüero a Peruvian soldier, politician, historian and twice President of Peru.
1785 Vicente López y Planes an Argentine writer and politician who acted as interim President of Argentina from July 7, 1827 to August 18, 1827. He also wrote the lyrics of the Argentine National Anthem adopted on May 11, 1813
1786 Giuseppe Benedetto Cottolengo a saint of the Roman Catholic Church.
1791 Henryk Rzewuski a Polish Romantic-era journalist and novelist.
1809 Nikolay Motovilov a Russian landowner, Justice of the Peace, businessman and Fool for Christ. He is primarily known as the first biographer of Saint Seraphim of Sarov. In Russian Orthodox tradition he is often referred as the Servant to Seraphim and the Theotokos
1812 William Samuel Henson a pre-Wright brothers aviation engineer and inventor.
1813 Lot M. Morrill an American statesman who served as the 28th Governor of Maine, in the United States Senate and as Secretary of the Treasury appointed by President Ulysses Grant. Morrill was an accomplished politician serving several elected and appointed offices throughout his lifetime. Morrill, as Secretary of Treasury, was devoted to hard currency rather than paper money and dedicated himself to serve the public good rather than party interests. Morrill was popularly received as Treasury Secretary in the American press and Wall Street, known for his financial and political integrity. Morrill was President Grant's fourth and last U.S. Secretary of Treasury
1814 Adams George Archibald a Canadian lawyer and politician, and a Father of Confederation. He was based in Nova Scotia for most of his career, though he also served as first Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba from 1870 to 1872
1819 Yuri Samarin a leading Russian Slavophile thinker and one of the architects of the Emancipation reform of 1861.
1822 István Bittó a Hungarian politician who served as Speaker of the House of Representatives of Hungary from September 10, 1872 to March 23, 1874 and as Prime Minister of Hungary from 1874 to 1875.
1824 William E. Jones a planter, a career United States Army officer, and a Confederate cavalry General, killed in the Battle of Piedmont in the American Civil War.
1826 Robert Zünd one of the most important Swiss painters of the 19th Century.
1826 Charles XV of Sweden King of Sweden and Norway from 1859 until his death.
1830 Tamerlan Thorell a Swedish arachnologist.
1833 Philip Hermogenes Calderon an English painter of French birth and Spanish ancestry who initially worked in the Pre-Raphaelite style before moving towards historical genre. He was Keeper of the Royal Academy in London
1840 Carl Toldt an Austrian anatomist who was a native of Bruneck, Tyrol.
1843 William Lyne Wilson a Bourbon Democrat politician and lawyer from West Virginia.
1844 Édouard Drumont a French journalist and writer. He founded the Antisemitic League of France in 1889, and was the founder and editor of the newspaper La Libre Parole
1844 Richard D'Oyly Carte an English talent agent, theatrical impresario, composer and hotelier during the latter half of the Victorian era. Rising from humble beginnings, Carte built two of London's theatres and a hotel empire, while also establishing an opera company that ran continuously for over a hundred years and a management agency representing some of the most important artists of the day
1844 Kuroki Tamemoto a general in the Imperial Japanese Army. He was the head of the Japanese First Army during the Russo-Japanese War; and his forces enjoyed a series of successes during the Manchurian fighting at the Battle of Yalu River, the Battle of Liaoyang, the Battle of Shaho and the Battle of Mukden
1845 Jan Czerski a Polish paleontologist , geologist, geographer and explorer of Siberia. He was exiled to Transbaikalia for participation in the January Uprising of 1863. A self-taught scientist, he eventually received three gold medals from the Russian Geographical Society, and his name was given to a settlement, two mountain ranges, several peaks and other places. He authored the first map of Lake Baikal and died during an expedition to Kolyma
1846 James Britten an English botanist.
1848 Otto Bütschli a German zoologist and professor at the University of Heidelberg. He specialized in invertebrates and insect development. Many of the groups of protists were first recognized by him
1849 Jacob Riis a Danish American social reformer, "muckraking" journalist and social documentary photographer. He is known for using his photographic and journalistic talents to help the impoverished in New York City; those impoverished New Yorkers were the subject of most of his prolific writings and photography. He endorsed the implementation of "model tenements" in New York with the help of humanitarian Lawrence Veiller. Additionally, as one of the most famous proponents of the newly practicable casual photography, he is considered one of the fathers of photography due to his very early adoption of flash in photography. While living in New York, Riis experienced poverty and became a police reporter writing about the quality of life in the slums. He attempted to alleviate the bad living conditions of poor people by exposing their living conditions to the middle and upper classes
1849 Bertha Benz the wife and business partner of automobile inventor Karl Benz. In 1888, she was the first person to drive an automobile over a long distance. In doing so, she brought the Benz Patent-Motorwagen worldwide attention and got the company its first sales
1849 Bernhard von Bülow a German statesman who served as Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs for three years and then as Chancellor of the German Empire from 1900 to 1909.
1850 Johnny Ringo an outlaw member of The Cowboys of Cochise County, of the American Old West, who was affiliated with Ike Clanton and Frank Stilwell in Cochise County, Arizona Territory during 1881–1882.