May 3 events in history

752 Mayan king Bird Jaguar IV of Yaxchilan in modern-day Chiapas, Mexico assumes the throne
1481 The largest of three earthquakes strikes the island of Rhodes and causes an estimated 30,000 casualties
1491 Kongo monarch Nkuwu Nzinga is baptised by Portuguese missionaries, adopting the baptismal name of João I
1791 The Constitution of May 3 (the first modern constitution in Europe) is proclaimed by the Sejm of Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
1802 Washington, D.C. is incorporated as a city
1808 Finnish War: Sweden loses the fortress of Sveaborg to Russia
1808 Peninsular War: The Madrid rebels who rose up on May 2 are executed near Príncipe Pío hill
1815 Neapolitan War: Joachim Murat, King of Naples is defeated by the Austrians at the Battle of Tolentino, the decisive engagement of the war
1830 The Canterbury and Whitstable Railway is opened. It's the first steam hauled passenger railway to issue season tickets and include a tunnel
1837 The University of Athens is founded in Athens, Greece
1849 The May Uprising in Dresden begins – the last of the German revolutions of 1848
1855 American adventurer William Walker departs from San Francisco with about 60 men to conquer Nicaragua
1860 Charles XV of Sweden–Norway is crowned king of Sweden
1867 The Hudson's Bay Company gives up all claims to Vancouver Island
1877 Labatt Park, the oldest continually operating baseball grounds in the world has its first game
1901 The Great Fire of 1901 begins in Jacksonville, Florida
1913 Raja Harishchandra the first full-length Indian feature film is released, marking the beginning of the Indian film industry
1915 The poem In Flanders Fields is written by Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae
1920 A Bolshevik coup fails in the Democratic Republic of Georgia
1921 West Virginia becomes the first state to legislate a broad sales tax, but does not implement it until a number of years later due to enforcement issues
1928 Japanese atrocities in Jinan, China
1937 Gone with the Wind, a novel by Margaret Mitchell, wins the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction
1939 The All India Forward Bloc is formed by Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose
1942 World War II: Japanese naval troops invade Tulagi Island in the Solomon Islands during the first part of Operation Mo that results in the Battle of the Coral Sea between Japanese forces and forces from the United States and Australia
1945 World War II: Sinking of the prison ships Cap Arcona, Thielbek and Deutschland by the Royal Air Force in Lübeck Bay
1947 New post-war Japanese constitution goes into effect
1948 The U.S. Supreme Court rules in Shelley v. Kraemer that covenants prohibiting the sale of real estate to blacks and other minorities are legally unenforceable
1951 London's Royal Festival Hall opens with the Festival of Britain
1951 The United States Senate Armed Services and Foreign Relations Committees begin their closed door hearings into the dismissal of General Douglas MacArthur by U.S. President Harry Truman
1952 Lieutenant Colonels Joseph O. Fletcher and William P. Benedict of the United States land a plane at the North Pole
1952 The Kentucky Derby is televised nationally for the first time, on the CBS network
1957 Walter O'Malley, the owner of the Brooklyn Dodgers, agrees to move the team from Brooklyn, New York, to Los Angeles, California
1960 The Off-Broadway musical comedy, The Fantasticks, opens in New York City's Greenwich Village, eventually becoming the longest-running musical of all time
1960 The Anne Frank House museum opens in Amsterdam, Netherlands
1963 The police force in Birmingham, Alabama switches tactics and responds with violent force to stop the "Birmingham campaign" protesters. Images of the violent suppression are transmitted worldwide, bringing new-found attention to the African-American Civil Rights Movement
1973 The 108-story Sears Tower in Chicago is topped out at 1,451 feet as the world's tallest building
1978 The first unsolicited bulk commercial e-mail (which would later become known as "spam") is sent by a Digital Equipment Corporation marketing representative to every ARPANET address on the west coast of the United States
1979 After the general election, Margaret Thatcher forms her first government as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
1986 Twenty-one people are killed and forty-one are injured after a bomb explodes in an airliner (Flight UL512) at Colombo airport in Sri Lanka
1987 A crash by Bobby Allison at the Talladega Superspeedway, Alabama fencing at the start-finish line would lead NASCAR to develop the restrictor plate for the following season both at Daytona International Speedway and Talladega
1999 The southwestern portion of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma is devastated by an F5 tornado, killing forty-five people, injuring 665, and causing $1 billion in damage. The tornado is one of 66 from the 1999 Oklahoma tornado outbreak. This tornado also produces the highest wind speed ever recorded, measured at 301 +/- 20 mph (484 +/- 32 km/h)
2000 The sport of geocaching begins, with the first cache placed and the coordinates from a GPS posted on Usenet
2001 The United States loses its seat on the U.N. Human Rights Commission for the first time since the commission was formed in 1947
2002 A military MiG-21 aircraft crashes into the Bank of Rajasthan in India, killing eight
2003 New Hampshire's famous Old Man of the Mountain collapses