Born on May 30

1010 Emperor Renzong of Song the fourth emperor of the Song Dynasty of China, ruling from 1022 to 1063. Renzong was the son of Emperor Zhenzong of Song. Despite his long reign of over 40 years, Renzong is not widely known. His reign marked the high point of Song influences and powers but was also the beginning of its slow disintegration that would persist over the next century and a half
1201 Theobald I of Navarre Count of Champagne from birth and King of Navarre from 1234. He was famous as a trouvère and Crusader, and was the first Frenchman to rule Navarre
1220 Alexander Nevsky the Prince of Novgorod, Grand Prince of Kiev and Grand Prince of Vladimir during some of the most trying times in the country's history. Commonly regarded as the key figure of medieval Rus', Alexander was the grandson of Vsevolod the Big Nest and rose to legendary status on account of his military victories over the German and Swedish invaders while agreeing to pay tribute to the powerful Golden Horde
1423 Georg von Peuerbach an Austrian astronomer, mathematician and instrument maker, best known for his streamlined presentation of Ptolemaic Astronomy in the Theoricae Novae Planetarum.
1464 Barbara of Brandenburg a German noblewoman member of the House of Hohenzollern, by birth Margravine of Brandenburg and by her two marriages Duchess of Głogów and Queen of Bohemia.
1576 Harada Naomasa a samurai retainer of the Oda clan. He was also called Kurozaemon and was referred by the title of Bitchu no Kami. Initially he had the family name of Ban , but in 1575 received the name of a respected clan, Harada, which he took as his own
1623 John Egerton 2nd Earl of Bridgewater an English nobleman.
1623 Wallerant Vaillant a painter of the Dutch Golden Age and one of the first artists to use the mezzotint technique, which he probably helped to develop.
1653 Claudia Felicitas of Austria the eldest daughter of Archduke Ferdinand Charles of Austria, and his wife Anna de' Medici. She was Empress of the Holy Roman Empire, Archduchess of Austria, German Queen, Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia as the spouse of Leopold I
1664 Giulio Alberoni an Italian cardinal and statesman in the service of Philip V of Spain. He is known also for being a remarkable soldier and great gourmet who advised the Spanish court on table manners and menus
1711 Princess Amelia of Great Britain the second daughter of George II of Great Britain.
1718 Wills Hill 1st Marquess of Downshire a British politician of the Georgian era. Best known in the United States as the Earl of Hillsborough, he served as Secretary of State for the Colonies in 1768 to 1772, a critical period leading toward the American War of Independence
1719 Roger Newdigate an English politician and collector of antiquities.
1755 Collin d'Harleville a French dramatist.
1757 Henry Addington 1st Viscount Sidmouth a British statesman, and Prime Minister from 1801 to 1804. He is best known for obtaining the Treaty of Amiens in 1802, an unfavourable peace with France. When that broke down he resumed the war but he was without allies and conducted a relatively weak defensive war. He is also known for his ruthless and efficient crackdown on dissent as Home Secretary 1812-1822
1766 Robert Darwin best known as the father of the naturalist Charles Darwin. He was a member of the influential Darwin-Wedgwood family
1768 Étienne Marie Antoine Champion de Nansouty a French cavalry commander during the French Revolutionary Wars who rose to the rank of General of Division in 1803 and subsequently held important military commands during the Napoleonic Wars.
1782 Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov a Russian prince and field-marshal, renowned for his success in the Napoleonic wars, and most famous for his participation in the Caucasian War from 1844 to 1853.
1789 Fernando Serrano a Neogranadine statesman, lawyer, and officer who became Governor of the Province of Pamplona and wrote its Constitution in 1815. He also served as the last President of the United Provinces of the New Granada before its dissolution and complete Reconquista
1792 Prince Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1792–1862) a distinguished soldier, who, in 1815, after the congress of Vienna, became colonel of a regiment in the service of the king of the Netherlands. He fought at the Battle of Quatre Bras and the Battle of Waterloo where he commanded the 2nd Brigade of the 2nd Dutch Division and became a Chief Commander of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army
1796 Olivier Voutier a French naval officer who discovered the statue of the Venus de Milo in 1820, and fought in the Greek War of Independence.
1797 Georg Amadeus Carl Friedrich Naumann a German mineralogist and geologist. The crater Naumann on the Moon is named after him
1797 Johann Christian Lobe a German composer and music theorist.
1800 Karl Wilhelm Feuerbach a German geometer and the son of legal scholar Paul Johann Anselm Ritter von Feuerbach, and the brother of philosopher Ludwig Feuerbach. After receiving his doctorate at age 22, he became a professor of mathematics at the Gymnasium at Erlangen. In 1822 he wrote a small book on mathematics noted mainly for a theorem on the nine-point circle, which is now known as Feuerbach's theorem. In 1827 he introduced homogeneous coordinates, independently of Möbius
1800 Henri-Marie-Gaston Boisnormand de Bonnechose a French Catholic and senator. He was the last surviving cardinal to have been born in the 18th century
1812 John Alexander McClernand an American lawyer and politician, and a Union general in the American Civil War. He was a classic case of the politician-in-uniform coming into conflict with career Army officers, graduates of the United States Military Academy. He was a prominent Democratic politician in Illinois and a representative in the U.S. Congress before the war and then served as a subordinate commander under Ulysses Grant in the Western Theater, fighting in the battles of Belmont, Fort Donelson, and Shiloh in 1861–62
1814 Eugène Charles Catalan a French and Belgian mathematician.
1814 Mikhail Bakunin a Russian revolutionary anarchist, and founder of collectivist anarchism. He is considered among the most influential figures of anarchism, and one of the principal founders of the "social anarchist" tradition. Bakunin's enormous prestige as an activist made him one of the most famous ideologues in Europe, and he gained substantial influence among radicals throughout Russia and Europe
1815 Otto von Böhtlingk a German Indologist and Sanskrit scholar. His magnum opus was a Sanskrit dictionary
1817 Hermann August Hagen a German entomologist who specialised in Neuroptera and Odonata. In 1845 he began to collaborate with Edmond de Sélys Longchamps
1819 William McMurdo a British army officer who rose to the rank of general. He saw active service in India, helped to run a military railway in the Crimean War and then managed various groups of volunteers working with the army. He was eventually knighted
1820 Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau the first Premier of the Canadian province of Quebec following the establishment of the Dominion of Canada in 1867.
1824 Elizabeth Campbell Duchess of Argyll a British noblewoman and abolitionist. Born the eldest daughter of the 2nd Duke of Sutherland by his wife Lady Harriet Howard, in 1844 she married George Douglas Campbell, Marquess of Lorne, eldest son and heir to the 7th Duke of Argyll. Elizabeth became the Duchess of Argyll in 1847 when her husband succeeded his father. They had twelve children, including John Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll who in 1871 married Princess Louise, fourth daughter of Queen Victoria
1824 Gustav Simon (surgeon) a German surgeon.
1824 Ōmura Masujirō a Japanese military leader and theorist in Bakumatsu period Japan. He is regarded as the "Father of the Modern Japanese Army"
1835 Amand Struve a Baltic German military engineer and bridge specialist of Russian Empire. Lieutenant General
1835 Alfred Austin an English poet who was appointed Poet Laureate in 1896 upon the death of Alfred, Lord Tennyson.
1839 Ellen Franz a German pianist and actress.
1840 Anton Hubert Fischer a Roman Catholic Archbishop of Cologne and Cardinal.
1841 Matilde of the Sacred Heart a Spanish Roman Catholic Religious Sister and the foundress of the Daughters of Mary, Mother of the Church. She has been beatified by the Catholic Church
1844 Félix Arnaudin a French poet and photographer, and a specialist in Haute-Lande folklore. In Gascony, Arnaudin created his collection of tales by attending gatherings, as well as at marriages and at various agricultural festivals. He left 3,000 photos at the Musée d'Aquitaine in Bordeaux
1845 Amadeo I of Spain the only King of Spain from the House of Savoy. He was the second son of King Vittorio Emanuele II of Italy and was known for most of his life as the Duke of Aosta, but reigned briefly as King of Spain from 1870 to 1873
1846 Philip Watts (naval architect) a British naval architect, famous for his design of the revolutionary Elswick cruiser and HMS Dreadnought.
1846 Angelo Mosso the 19th century Italian physiologist who invented the first neuroimaging technique ever, known as 'human circulation balance'.
1846 Peter Carl Fabergé a Russian jeweller, best known for the famous Fabergé eggs, made in the style of genuine Easter eggs, but using precious metals and gemstones rather than more mundane materials.
1852 Count Manfred von Clary-Aldringen an Austro-Hungarian nobleman and statesman. He served as the 16th Minister-President of Cisleithania
1853 Władysław Leon Sapieha a Polish prince and magnate, member of the Sapieha family , landowner, social activist, deputy to the Diet of Galicia and Reichsrat.
1858 Maurice Klippel a French physician for whom the conditions Klippel-Feil syndrome and Klippel-Trenaunay-Weber syndrome are named.
1859 Pierre Janet a pioneering French psychologist, philosopher and psychotherapist in the field of dissociation and traumatic memory.
1862 Konstantin Fofanov a Russian poet.