Died on May 30

1035 Baldwin IV Count of Flanders Count of Flanders.
1078 Gleb Svyatoslavich Prince of Tmutarakan and Novgorod. He ruled Tmutarakan under the overall authority of his father Sviatoslav Iaroslavich, Prince of Chernigov. He was twice expelled from his principality by one of his cousins Rostislav Vladimirovich
1159 Władysław II the Exile a High Duke of Poland and Duke of Silesia from 1138 until his expulsion in 1146. He is the progenitor of the Silesian Piasts
1169 Nigel (bishop of Ely) an Anglo-Norman Bishop of Ely. He came from an ecclesiastical family; his uncle Roger of Salisbury was a bishop and government minister for King Henry I, and other relatives also held offices in the English Church and government. Nigel owed his advancement to his uncle, as did Nigel's probable brother Alexander, who like Nigel was advanced to episcopal status. Nigel was educated on the continent before becoming a royal administrator. He served as Treasurer of England under King Henry, before being appointed to the see, or bishopric, of Ely in 1133. His tenure was marked by conflicts with the monks of his cathedral chapter, who believed that Nigel kept income for himself that should properly have gone to them
1252 Ferdinand III of Castile King of Castile from 1217 and King of León from 1230 as well as King of Galicia from 1231. He was the son of Alfonso IX of León and Berenguela of Castile. Through his second marriage he was also Count of Aumale. Ferdinand III was one of the most successful kings of Castile, securing not only the permanent union of the crowns of Castile and León, but also masterminding the most expansive campaign of Reconquista yet
1416 Jerome of Prague a Czech church reformer and one of the chief followers of Jan Hus who was burned for heresy at the Council of Constance.
1431 Joan of Arc considered a heroine of France and a Roman Catholic saint. She was born to a peasant family at Domrémy in north-east France. Joan said she received visions of the Archangel Michael, Saint Margaret and Saint Catherine instructing her to support Charles VII and recover France from English domination late in the Hundred Years' War. The uncrowned King Charles VII sent Joan to the siege of Orléans as part of a relief mission. She gained prominence after the siege was lifted in only nine days. Several additional swift victories led to Charles VII's coronation at Reims. On 23 May 1430, she was captured at Compiègne by the allied English-Burgundian faction. She was later handed over to the English, and then put on trial by the pro-English Bishop of Beauvais Pierre Cauchon on a variety of charges. After Cauchon declared her guilty she was burned at the stake on 30 May 1431, dying at about nineteen years of age
1434 Prokop the Great one of the most prominent Hussite generals of the Hussite Wars. His name has also been given as Prokop Holý or Prokopius Rasus - Latin translation , Procopius the Great, and Andrew Procopius
1472 Jacquetta of Luxembourg the eldest daughter of Peter I, Count of Saint-Pol, Conversano and Brienne and his wife Margaret de Baux. She was a relatively long-lived figure in the Wars of the Roses. Through her short-lived first marriage to the Duke of Bedford, brother of King Henry V, she was firmly allied to the House of Lancaster. However, following the emphatic Lancastrian defeat at the Battle of Towton she sided closely with the House of York. Three years after the battle and the accession of Edward IV of England, her eldest daughter Elizabeth Woodville married the new king and became queen. Jacquetta bore 14 children and withstood a trial or possibly two at court for witchcraft
1574 Charles IX of France a monarch of the House of Valois who ruled as King of France from 1560 until his death. He ascended the throne of France upon the death of his brother Francis II
1590 Camilla Martelli the first lover and then second wife of the Grand Duke of Tuscany, Cosimo I de' Medici. She was the mother of Virginia de' Medici, future Duchess of Modena
1593 Christopher Marlowe an English dramatist, poet and translator of the Elizabethan era. Marlowe was the foremost Elizabethan tragedian of his day. He greatly influenced William Shakespeare, who was born in the same year as Marlowe and who rose to become the pre-eminent Elizabethan playwright after Marlowe's mysterious early death. Marlowe's plays are known for the use of blank verse, and their overreaching protagonists
1594 Bálint Balassi a Hungarian Renaissance lyric poet. He wrote mostly in Hungarian, but was also proficient in further eight languages: Latin, Italian, German, Polish, Turkish, Slovak, Croatian and Romanian. He is the founder of modern Hungarian lyric and erotic poetry
1606 Guru Arjan the first Sikh martyr and the fifth of the eleven Sikh Gurus, who compiled writings to create the eleventh, the living Guru, Guru Granth Sahib. He was born in Goindval, Punjab the youngest son of Guru Ram Das and Bibi Bhani, the daughter of Guru Amar Das. He was the first Sikh Guru killed by Muslims
1624 Mikołaj Daniłowicz a Polish-Lithuanian nobleman and politician. He was Castellan of Lviv from 1614, Treasurer of the Crown Court from 1610, Grand Treasurer of the Crown from 1617, Speaker of the Sejm in 1593, amongst many other positions as governors of various states
1639 Patriarch Metrophanes of Alexandria a Greek monk and theologian who served as Greek Patriarch of Alexandria between 1636 and 1639.
1640 André Duchesne a French geographer and historian, generally styled the father of French history.
1640 Peter Paul Rubens a Flemish Baroque painter, and a proponent of an extravagant Baroque style that emphasized movement, colour, and sensuality. He is well known for his Counter-Reformation altarpieces, portraits, landscapes, and history paintings of mythological and allegorical subjects
1655 Christian Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth a member of the House of Hohenzollern and Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach.
1670 John Davenport (minister) an English Puritan clergyman and co-founder of the American colony of New Haven.
1695 Pierre Mignard a French painter. He was born at Troyes, and came of a family of artists; he also needs to be distinguished from his nephew Pierre , often called "Pierre II" or "Le Chevalier"
1696 Henry Capell 1st Baron Capell of Tewkesbury an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1660 and 1692. He was then created Baron Capell
1704 Emmanuel Lebrecht Prince of Anhalt-Köthen a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Köthen.
1709 Levan of Kartli a Georgian royal prince and the fourth son of the king of Kartli Shahnawaz. He was a titular king of Kartli in 1709
1712 Andrea Lanzani an Italian painter of the Baroque period.
1714 Gottfried Arnold a German Lutheran theologian and historian.
1718 Arnold van Keppel 1st Earl of Albemarle the son of Oswald van Keppel and his wife Anna Geertruid van Lintelo. De Voorst is a large country house near Zutphen, financed by William III, and not unlike the royal palace Het Loo in Apeldoorn
1730 Arabella Churchill (royal mistress) the mistress of King James II, and the mother of four of his children.
1731 Duchess Violante Beatrice of Bavaria Grand Princess of Tuscany as the wife of Grand Prince Ferdinando of Tuscany and Governor of Siena from 1717 until her death. Born a Duchess of Bavaria, the youngest child of Elector Ferdinand Maria, she married the heir to the Tuscan throne, Ferdinando de' Medici, in 1689. Violante Beatrice loved him but Ferdinando did not return her affection, declaring her too ugly and too dull. Her brother-in-law, Prince Gian Gastone, befriended her out of sympathy, a friendship that lasted until Violante Beatrice's demise
1744 Alexander Pope an 18th-century English poet, best known for his satirical verse and for his translation of Homer. Famous for his use of the heroic couplet, he is the third-most frequently quoted writer in The Oxford Dictionary of Quotations, after Shakespeare and Tennyson
1749 Sophie Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel a princess of Hesse-Kassel and by marriage Duchess of Mecklenburg.
1756 Christian Ludwig II Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin the Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 1747 to 1756.
1760 Joanna Elisabeth of Holstein-Gottorp a princess of the House of Holstein-Gottorp and later the Princess of Anhalt-Zerbst. She is best known as the mother of Catherine the Great of Russia
1770 François Boucher a French painter in the Rococo style. Boucher is known for his idyllic and voluptuous paintings on classical themes, decorative allegories, and pastoral scenes. He was perhaps the most celebrated painter and decorative artist of the 18th century. He also painted several portraits of his patroness, Madame de Pompadour
1778 Voltaire a French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and separation of church and state. Voltaire was a versatile writer, producing works in almost every literary form, including plays, poems, novels, essays, and historical and scientific works. He wrote more than 20,000 letters and more than 2,000 books and pamphlets. He was an outspoken advocate, despite the risk this placed him in under the strict censorship laws of the time. As a satirical polemicist, he frequently made use of his works to criticize intolerance, religious dogma, and the French institutions of his day
1829 Louis Aloysius Prince of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Bartenstein a German prince and Marshal of France.
1829 Philibert Jean-Baptiste Curial a general in the Napoleon army.
1832 James Mackintosh a Scottish jurist, Whig politician and historian. His studies and sympathies embraced many interests. He was trained as a doctor and barrister, and worked also as a journalist, judge, administrator, professor, philosopher and politician
1833 John Malcolm a Scottish soldier, diplomat, East India Company administrator, statesman, and historian.
1843 Charles de Lambert (soldier) a French Royalist general who fought for Russia during the Napoleonic Wars.
1851 Esprit Requien a French naturalist, who made contributions in the fields of conchology, paleontology and especially botany.
1852 George Chinnery an English painter who spent most of his life in Asia, especially India and southern China.
1865 John Catron an American jurist who served as a US Supreme Court justice from 1837 to 1865.
1867 Ramón Castilla a Peruvian caudillo and President of Peru two times. His earliest prominent appearance in Peruvian history began with his participation in a commanding role of the army of the Libertadores that helped Peru become an independent nation. Later, he led the country when the economy boomed due to the exploitation of guano deposits. Castilla's government abolished slavery and modernized the state
1876 Josef Kriehuber an Austrian lithographer and painter. He made numerous portraits for nobility and government officials. Josef Kriehuber left more than 3000 lithographs, with portraits of many people
1877 Yaqub Beg a Tajik adventurer who became head of the kingdom of Kashgaria.
1885 Saturnino Álvarez Bugallal a Spanish lawyer, journalist and politician.
1891 Princess Vilhelmine Marie of Denmark the youngest daughter of Frederick VI of Denmark and his wife and first cousin Marie Sophie of Hesse-Kassel. Her paternal grandfather, Christian VII of Denmark, had major psychological problems and as result, her father had been acting as Regent since 1784. Within two months of her birth, Vilhelmine Marie's grandfather died of a cerebral aneurysm and her father ascended as king
1892 Lewis Morris Rutherfurd an American lawyer and astronomer, and a pioneering astrophotographer.
1901 Victor D'Hondt a Belgian lawyer, salesman, jurist of civil law at Ghent University, and mathematician. He devised a procedure, the D'Hondt method, which he first described in 1878, for allocating seats to candidates in party-list proportional representation elections. The method has been adopted by a number of countries, including Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Chile, Colombia, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Finland, Hungary, Israel, Japan, Macedonia, the Netherlands, Northern Ireland, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Scotland, Slovenia, Serbia, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey, Iceland, Uruguay and Wales. A modified D'Hondt system is used for elections to the London Assembly