May 30 events in history

70 Siege of Jerusalem: Titus and his Roman legions breach the Second Wall of Jerusalem. The Jewish defenders retreat to the First Wall. The Romans build a circumvallation, cutting down all trees within fifteen kilometres
1381 Beginning of the Peasants' Revolt in England
1416 The Council of Constance, called by Emperor Sigismund, a supporter of Antipope John XXIII, burns Jerome of Prague following a trial for heresy
1431 Hundred Years' War: in Rouen, France, the 19-year-old Joan of Arc is burned at the stake by an English-dominated tribunal. The Roman Catholic Church remembers this day as the celebration of Saint Joan of Arc
1434 Hussite Wars: Battle of Lipany – effectively ending the war, Utraquist forces led by Diviš Bořek of Miletínek defeat and almost annihilate Taborite forces led by Prokop the Great
1510 During the reign of the Zhengde Emperor, Ming Dynasty rebel leader Zhu Zhifan is defeated by commander Qiu Yue, ending the Prince of Anhua rebellion
1536 King Henry VIII of England marries Jane Seymour, a lady-in-waiting to his first two wives
1539 In Florida, Hernando de Soto lands at Tampa Bay with 600 soldiers with the goal of finding gold
1574 Henry III becomes King of France
1588 The last ship of the Spanish Armada sets sail from Lisbon heading for the English Channel
1631 Publication of Gazette de France, the first French newspaper
1635 Thirty Years' War: the Peace of Prague is signed
1642 From this date all honors granted by Charles I are retrospectively annulled by Parliament
1806 Future U.S. President Andrew Jackson kills Charles Dickinson in a duel after Dickinson had accused Jackson's wife of bigamy
1814 Napoleonic Wars: War of the Sixth Coalition – the Treaty of Paris (1814) is signed returning French borders to their 1792 extent. Napoleon I is exiled to Elba
1815 The East Indiaman Arniston is wrecked during a storm at Waenhuiskrans, near Cape Agulhas, in present-day South Africa, with the loss of 372 lives
1832 End of the Hambach Festival in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
1832 The Rideau Canal in eastern Ontario is opened
1834 Joaquim António de Aguiar issues a law extinguishing "all convents, monasteries, colleges, hospices and any other houses of the regular religious orders" in Portugal, earning him the nickname of "The Friar-Killer"
1842 John Francis attempts to murder Queen Victoria as she drives down Constitution Hill in London with Prince Albert
1854 The Kansas–Nebraska Act becomes law establishing the US territories of Nebraska and Kansas
1868 Decoration Day (the predecessor of the modern "Memorial Day") is observed in the United States for the first time (by "Commander-in-chief of the Grand Army of the Republic" John A. Logan's proclamation on May 5)
1876 Ottoman sultan Abdülaziz is deposed and succeeded by his nephew Murad V
1883 In New York City, a rumor that the Brooklyn Bridge is going to collapse causes a stampede that crushes twelve people
1899 Pearl Hart, a female outlaw of the Old West, robs a stage coach 30 miles southeast of Globe, Arizona
1911 At the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, the first Indianapolis 500 ends with Ray Harroun in his Marmon Wasp becoming the first winner of the 500-mile auto race
1913 First Balkan War: the Treaty of London (1913), is signed ending the war. Albania becomes an independent nation
1914 The new, and then the largest, Cunard ocean liner RMS Aquitania, 45,647 tons, sets sails on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England, to New York, New York
1922 The Lincoln Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C
1925 May Thirtieth Movement: Shanghai Municipal Police Force shoot and kill 13 protesting workers
1932 The National Theatre of Greece is founded
1937 Memorial Day massacre: Chicago police shoot and kill ten labor demonstrators
1941 World War II: Manolis Glezos and Apostolos Santas climb the Athenian Acropolis and tear down the Nazi swastika
1942 World War II: 1000 British bombers launch a 90-minute attack on Cologne, Germany
1948 A dike along the flooding Columbia River breaks, obliterating Vanport, Oregon, within minutes. Fifteen people die and tens of thousands are left homeless
1958 Memorial Day: the remains of two unidentified American servicemen, killed in action during World War II and the Korean War respectively, are buried at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery
1959 The Auckland Harbour Bridge, crossing the Waitemata Harbour in Auckland, New Zealand, is officially opened by Governor-General Charles Lyttelton, 10th Viscount Cobham
1961 The long-time Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo is assassinated in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
1963 A protest against pro-Catholic discrimination during the Buddhist crisis is held outside South Vietnam's National Assembly, the first open demonstration during the eight-year rule of Ngo Dinh Diem
1966 The former Congolese Prime Minister, Évariste Kimba, and several other politicians are publicly executed in Kinshasa on the orders of President Joseph Mobutu
1966 Launch of Surveyor 1, the first US spacecraft to land on an extraterrestrial body
1967 The Nigerian Eastern Region declares independence as the Republic of Biafra, sparking a civil war
1968 Charles de Gaulle reappears publicly after his flight to Baden-Baden, Germany, and dissolves the French National Assembly by a radio appeal. Immediately after, less than one million of his supporters march on the Champs-Élysées in Paris. This is the turning point of May 1968 events in France
1971 Mariner program: Mariner 9 is launched to map 70% of the surface, and to study temporal changes in the atmosphere and surface, of Mars
1972 The Angry Brigade goes on trial over a series of 25 bombings throughout the United Kingdom
1972 In Tel Aviv, Israel, members of the Japanese Red Army carry out the Lod Airport massacre, killing 24 people and injuring 78 others
1974 The Airbus A300 passenger aircraft first enters service
1989 Tiananmen Square protests of 1989: the 33-foot high "Goddess of Democracy" statue is unveiled in Tiananmen Square by student demonstrators
1998 A magnitude 6.6 earthquake hits northern Afghanistan, killing up to 5,000
1998 Nuclear Testing: Pakistan conducts an underground test in the Kharan Desert. It is reported to be a plutonium device with yield of 20kt