May 31 in history

May 31 events chronologically

455 Emperor Petronius Maximus is stoned to death by an angry mob while fleeing Rome
526 A devastating earthquake strikes Antioch, Turkey, killing 250,000
1223 Mongol invasion of the Cumans: Battle of the Kalka River – Mongol armies of Genghis Khan led by Subutai defeat Kievan Rus' and Cumans
1578 Martin Frobisher sails from Harwich in England to Frobisher Bay in Canada, eventually to mine fool's gold, used to pave streets in London
1578 King Henry III lays the first stone of the Pont Neuf (New Bridge), the oldest bridge of Paris, France
1669 Citing poor eyesight, Samuel Pepys records the last event in his diary
1775 American Revolution: The Mecklenburg Resolves are allegedly adopted in the Province of North Carolina

Top 7 most famous people born on May 31

1819 Walt Whitman an American poet, essayist and journalist. A humanist, he was a part of the transition between transcendentalism and realism, incorporating both views in his works. Whitman is among the most influential poets in the American canon, often called the father of free verse. His work was very controversial in its time, particularly his poetry collection Leaves of Grass, which was described as obscene for its overt sexuality
1857 Pope Pius XI born Ambrogio Damiano Achille Ratti , reigned from 6 February 1922 to his death in 1939. He was the first sovereign of Vatican City from its creation as an independent state on 11 February 1929. He took as his papal motto, "Pax Christi in Regno Christi," translated "The Peace of Christ in the Kingdom of Christ."
1930 Clint Eastwood an American actor, filmmaker, musician and politician. He rose to international fame with his role as the Man with No Name in Sergio Leone's Dollars trilogy of spaghetti Westerns during the 1960s, and as Harry Callahan in the five Dirty Harry films throughout the 1970s and 1980s. These roles, among others, have made him an enduring cultural icon of masculinity
1945 Rainer Werner Fassbinder a German film director, screenwriter, and actor. He is one of the most important figures in the New German Cinema
1963 Viktor Orbán the Prime Minister of Hungary and the president of the national conservative ruling party Fidesz. He was a vice chairman in the Liberal International from 1992 to 2000, a Vice President in the European People's Party from 2002 to 2012 and the Prime Minister of Hungary from 1998 to 2002. Since 2010, Orbán has been the Prime Minister of Hungary with a two-thirds majority of the seats in the Parliament of Hungary, which his party received in both the 2010 and the 2014 elections
1965 Brooke Shields an American actress, model and former child star. Shields, initially a child model, gained critical acclaim for her leading role in Louis Malle's controversial film Pretty Baby , in which she played a child prostitute in New Orleans at the turn of the 20th century. The role garnered Shields widespread notoriety, and she continued to model into her late teenage years and starred in several dramas in the 1980s, including The Blue Lagoon , and Franco Zeffirelli's Endless Love
1976 Colin Farrell an Irish actor. He first appeared on the BBC's Ballykissangel in 1998 and made his film debut in the Tim Roth-directed The War Zone a year later and was discovered by Hollywood when Joel Schumacher cast him in the lead in Tigerland. He then starred in Schumacher's Phone Booth and the American thrillers S.W.A.T. and The Recruit , establishing his international box-office appeal. During that time, he also appeared in Steven Spielberg’s Minority Report and as the villain Bullseye in Daredevil. After starring in the independent films Intermission and A Home at the End of the World he headed Oliver Stone’s biopic Alexander and the Terrence Malick Pocahontas movie, The New World

Top 7 most famous people died on May 31

1594 Tintoretto an Italian painter and a notable exponent of the Renaissance school. For his phenomenal energy in painting he was termed Il Furioso. His work is characterized by its muscular figures, dramatic gestures, and bold use of perspective in the Mannerist style, while maintaining color and light typical of the Venetian School
1809 Joseph Haydn a prominent and prolific composer of the Classical period. He was instrumental in the development of chamber music such as the piano trio and his contributions to musical form have earned him the epithets "Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet"
1832 Évariste Galois a French mathematician born in Bourg-la-Reine. While still in his teens, he was able to determine a necessary and sufficient condition for a polynomial to be solvable by radicals, thereby solving a 350 years-standing problem. His work laid the foundations for Galois theory and group theory, two major branches of abstract algebra, and the subfield of Galois connections. He died at age 20 from wounds suffered in a duel
1962 Adolf Eichmann a German Nazi SS-Obersturmbannführer and one of the major organisers of the Holocaust. Eichmann was charged by SS-Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich with facilitating and managing the logistics of mass deportation of Jews to ghettos and extermination camps in German-occupied Eastern Europe during World War In 1960, he was captured in Argentina by the Mossad, Israel's intelligence service. Following a widely publicised trial in Israel, he was found guilty of war crimes and hanged in 1962
1983 Jack Dempsey an American professional boxer, who became a cultural icon of the 1920s. Dempsey held the World Heavyweight Championship from 1919 to 1926, and his aggressive style and exceptional punching power made him one of the most popular boxers in history. Many of his fights set financial and attendance records, including the first million-dollar gate. Listed at #10 on The Ring's list of all-time heavyweights and #7 among its Top 100 Greatest Punchers, in 1950 the Associated Press voted Dempsey as the greatest fighter of the past 50 years. Dempsey is a member of the International Boxing Hall of Fame, and was inducted into The Ring magazine's Boxing Hall of Fame in 1951
1996 Timothy Leary an American psychologist and writer, known for advocating psychedelic drugs. During American legality of LSD and psilocybin, Leary conducted experiments under the Harvard Psilocybin Project, resulting in the Concord Prison Experiment and the Marsh Chapel Experiment. Though obtaining useful data, Leary and his associate Richard Alpert were fired by Harvard University amid controversy surrounding such drugs
2010 Louise Bourgeois a French-American artist and sculptor. She was an influential figure in modern and contemporary art, and among her works of art were large spider structures which resulted in her being nicknamed the Spiderwoman. Her largest spider sculpture titled Maman has loomed over numerous locations around the world, standing at over 30 ft