Born on May 4

1008 Henry I of France the King of the Franks from 1031 to his death. The royal demesne of France reached its smallest size during his reign, and for this reason he is often seen as emblematic of the weakness of the early Capetians. This is not entirely agreed upon, however, as other historians regard him as a strong but realistic king, who was forced to conduct a policy mindful of the limitations of the French monarchy
1252 Günther von Wüllersleben the eighth Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights.
1435 Joan of Valois Duchess of Bourbon the seventh child and fourth daughter of Charles VII of France and Marie of Anjou. She married John II, Duke of Bourbon in 1447. They had no children
1611 Carlo Rainaldi an Italian architect of the Baroque period.
1618 James Sharp (bishop) a Scottish minister, and later Archbishop of St Andrews.
1622 Juan de Valdés Leal a Spanish painter and etcher of the Baroque era.
1633 Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban a Marshal of France and the foremost military engineer of his age, famed for his skill in both designing fortifications and breaking through them. He also advised Louis XIV on how to consolidate France's borders, to make them more defensible. Vauban made a radical suggestion of giving up some land that was indefensible to allow for a stronger, less porous border with France's neighbours
1635 Willem van Outhoorn Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1691 to 1704. He was born and died in the Dutch East Indies
1649 Chhatrasal a medieval Indian warrior from Bundela Rajput clan, who fought against the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, and established his own kingdom in Bundelkhand, becoming a Maharaja of Panna.
1654 Kangxi Emperor the fourth emperor of the Qing Dynasty, the first to be born on Chinese soil south of the Pass and the second Qing emperor to rule over China proper, from 1661 to 1722.
1655 Bartolomeo Cristofori an Italian maker of musical instruments, generally regarded as the inventor of the piano.
1656 John Louis I Prince of Anhalt-Dornburg a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Dornburg.
1715 Hieronim Florian Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian szlachcic.
1715 Richard Graves an English minister, poet, and novelist.
1733 Jean-Charles de Borda a French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, and sailor.
1749 Charlotte Turner Smith an English Romantic poet and novelist. She initiated a revival of the English sonnet, helped establish the conventions of Gothic fiction, and wrote political novels of sensibility
1752 John Brooks (governor) a doctor, military officer, and politician from Massachusetts. He served as the 11th Governor of Massachusetts from 1816 to 1823, and was one of the last Federalist officials elected in the United States
1753 Nikolay Lvov a Russian artist of the Age of Enlightenment. Lvov, an amateur of Rurikid lineage, was a polymath who contributed to geology, history, graphic arts and poetry, but is known primarily as an architect and ethnographer, compiler of the first significant collection of Russian folk songs
1762 Johann Heinrich Abicht a German philosopher.
1762 Karol Kniaziewicz a Polish general and political activist.
1764 Joseph Constantine Carpue an English surgeon who was born in London. He was associated with St George's Hospital and Duke of York Hospital in Chelsea. He was a skilled surgeon and popular lecturer of anatomy
1767 Tyagaraja one of the greatest composers of Carnatic music or Indian classical music. He was a prolific composer and highly influential in the development of the classical music tradition. Tyagaraja composed thousands of devotional compositions, most in praise of Lord Rama, many of which remain popular today. Of special mention are five of his compositions called the Pancharatna Kritis, which are often sung in programs in his honour
1772 Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus now published as the Brockhaus encyclopedia.
1776 Johann Friedrich Herbart a German philosopher, psychologist, and founder of pedagogy as an academic discipline.
1777 Louis Jacques Thénard a French chemist.
1784 Heinrich Boie a German zoologist. He was the brother of Friedrich Boie. In the field of herpetology they described 49 new species of reptiles and several new species of amphibians
1789 Alexandre Gendebien a lawyer in the United Kingdom of the Netherlands and later Belgium, where he also became minister of Justice.
1796 Horace Mann an American education reformer. As a politician, he served in the Massachusetts State Legislature. In 1848, after serving as Secretary of the Massachusetts State Board of Education since its creation, he was elected to the United States House of Representatives. Historian Ellwood Cubberley asserts:
1796 William H. Prescott widely recognized by historiographers to have been the first American scientific historian. Despite suffering from serious visual impairment, which at times prevented him from reading or writing for himself, Prescott became one of the most eminent historians of 19th century America. He is also noted for his eidetic memory
1805 Wilhelm Ludwig Ewald Schmidt a German physician, botanist, and entomologist. As an entomologist, he specialized in Coleoptera
1805 Nikolay Gerasimovich Ustryalov a Russian historian who elaborated the Official Nationality Theory. His outline of Russia's history was awarded the Demidov Prize for the best Russian history textbook and was highly regarded by Nicholas I himself
1810 Alexandre Colonna-Walewski a Polish and French politician and diplomat. He was widely rumoured to be the illegitimate son of Napoleon I by his mistress, Countess Marie Walewska. However, Countess Walewska's husband legally acknowledged him as his son
1813 Augusto Vera an Italian philosopher who followed Hegel's theories and translated many of his works.
1815 Franz Adam a German painter, chiefly of military subjects, born and active for much of his life in Italy.
1817 Florian Ceynowa a doctor, political activist, writer, and linguist. He undertook efforts to identify Kashubian language, culture and traditions. He and Alexander Hilferding were not the only ones to study the language and legends of the Kashubians, but they had the greatest influence and prompted others to take up investigations. The individual nature of the Kashubian character and language was first described by Hilferding, to whom we are indebted for the first data about the range of Kashubian dialects. In 1856, he and Ceynowa traveled to the Kashubia. He awakened Kashubian self-identity, thereby opposing Germanisation and Prussian authority, and Polish nobility and clergy. He believed in a separate Kashubian identity and strove for a Russian-led pan-Slavic federation. He strove to create a program aimed at the introduction of a Kashubian standard in grammar, pronunciation and spelling, based on the spirit of the 1848 Revolution. He compiled treatises on Kashubian grammar, and published Kashubian texts along with their translations into other Slavic languages. An important person for Kashubian literature, he was also a translator of Russian texts into Kashubian language
1818 Manuel Milà i Fontanals a Spanish scholar. He was born at Vilafranca del Penedès, near Barcelona, and was educated first in Barcelona, and afterwards at the University of Cervera
1822 Charles Boucher de Boucherville born in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. He twice served as the third Premier of Quebec
1825 Thomas Henry Huxley an English biologist , known as "Darwin's Bulldog" for his advocacy of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution.
1825 Augustus Le Plongeon a British-American photographer and antiquarian who studied the pre-Columbian ruins of America, particularly those of the Maya civilization on the northern Yucatán Peninsula. While his writings contain many controversial notions that were discredited by later researchers, Le Plongeon left a lasting legacy in his photographs documenting the ancient ruins. He should also be regarded as one of the earliest proponents of Mayanism
1826 Frederic Edwin Church an American landscape painter born in Hartford, Connecticut. He was a central figure in the Hudson River School of American landscape painters, perhaps best known for painting large panoramic landscapes, often depicting mountains, waterfalls, and sunsets, but also sometimes depicting dramatic natural phenomena that he saw during his travels to the Arctic and Central and South America. Church's paintings emphasis on light and a romantic respect for natural detail. In his later years, Church painted classical Mediterranean and Middle Eastern scenes and cityscapes
1827 John Hanning Speke most associated with the search for the source of the Nile and reaching Victoria Nyanza. He is also known for propounding the Hamitic hypothesis in 1863 - his writings are an example of scientific racism. In this hypothesis, he supposed that the Tutsi ethnic group were descendants of the biblical figure, Ham, and had lighter skin and more “European” features than the Bantu-featured Hutu over whom they ruled
1828 Constantin Stamati-Ciurea a Romanian writer and translator from Bessarabia. The son of Constantin Stamati, he followed in his father's footsteps as an author of prose, plays, and translations. He served as diplomat at Russia's embassies in Paris, Berlin, and London
1830 Alberto Blest Gana a Chilean novelist and diplomat, considered the father of Chilean novel. Blest Gana was of Irish and Basque descent
1841 Kristofer Janson a Norwegian poet, author and Unitarian clergyman. Kristofer Janson is commonly recognized as the founder of the Norwegian Unitarian Church
1845 William Kingdon Clifford an English mathematician and philosopher. Building on the work of Hermann Grassmann, he introduced what is now termed geometric algebra, a special case of the Clifford algebra named in his honour. The operations of geometric algebra have the effect of mirroring, rotating, translating, and mapping the geometric objects that are being modelled to new positions. Clifford algebras in general and geometric algebra in particular, have been of ever increasing importance to mathematical physics, geometry, and computing. Clifford was the first to suggest that gravitation might be a manifestation of an underlying geometry. In his philosophical writings he coined the expression "mind-stuff"
1847 Milena Vukotić the only Queen consort of Montenegro as the wife of King Nicholas I of Montenegro.
1850 Emanuel Schiffers a Russian chess player and chess writer. For many years he was the second leading Russian player after Mikhail Chigorin
1852 Alice Liddell Pleasance Liddell inspired the children's classic Alice's Adventures in Wonderland by Lewis Carroll , when she asked him to tell her a story on a boating trip in Oxford. The character of the fictional Alice may not be based on her, however—it's a controversial question. Relations between the Liddell family and Dodgson continue to provoke speculation—including, in late twentieth century biography, allegations that Dodgson took an unhealthy interest in the child
1856 Pablo de Escandón a Mexican polo player in the 1900 Summer Olympics.
1860 Serge Wolkonsky an influential Russian theatrical worker, one of the first Russian proponents of eurhythmics, pupil and friend of Émile Jaques-Dalcroze, and creator of an original system of actor's training that included both expressive gesture and expressive speech.