Died on May 5

465 Gerontius (bishop of Milan) Archbishop of Milan from 462 to 465. He is honoured as a Saint in the Catholic Church and his feast day is 5 May
1061 Humbert of Silva Candida a French Benedictine abbot and later a cardinal. It was his act of excommunicating the Patriarch of Constantinople in 1054 which is generally regarded as the precipitating event of the Great Schism between the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Churches
1194 Casimir II the Just a Lesser Polish Duke at Wiślica during 1166–1173, and at Sandomierz after 1173. He became ruler over the Polish Seniorate Province at Kraków and thereby High Duke of Poland in 1177; a position he held until his death, interrupted once by his elder brother and predecessor Mieszko III the Old. In 1186 Casimir also inherited the Duchy of Masovia from his nephew Leszek, becoming the progenitor of the Masovian branch of the royal Piast dynasty, great-grandfather of the later Polish king Władysław I the Elbow-high. The honorific title "the Just" wasn't contemporary; it only appeared in the 16th century
1243 Hubert de Burgh 1st Earl of Kent Justiciar of England and Ireland and one of the most influential men in England during the reigns of King John and of his infant son and successor King Henry III.
1306 Constantine Palaiologos (son of Michael VIII) a Byzantine prince of the Palaiologos dynasty, who also served as a general in the wars against the Serbs and Turks.
1309 Charles II of Naples King of Naples, King of Albania, Prince of Salerno, Prince of Achaea, Count of Provence and Forcalquier and Count of Anjou.
1316 Elizabeth of Rhuddlan the eighth and youngest daughter of King Edward I and Queen Eleanor of Castile. Of all of her siblings, she was closest to her younger brother King Edward II, as they were only two years apart in age
1432 Francesco Bussone da Carmagnola an Italian condottiero.
1439 Spytek of Melsztyn a member of the Polish nobility, and a strong supporter of Polish cooperation with the Hussite movement.
1478 Andrea Vendramin served as Doge of Venice, 1476–78, at the height of Venetian power, the only member of the Vendramin family to do His mother, Maria Michiel, and his wife Regina Gradenigo, both came from Dogal families. He had served as Venetian Procurator in Rome, and his brief reign was largely concerned with the end of the Second Turkish–Venetian War. He probably died of plague
1504 Anthony bastard of Burgundy the natural son of Philip III, Duke of Burgundy, and one of his mistresses, Jeanne de Presle.
1525 Frederick III Elector of Saxony Elector of Saxony from 1486 to his death. Frederick was the son of Ernest, Elector of Saxony and his wife Elisabeth, daughter of Albert III, Duke of Bavaria. He is notable as being one of the most powerful early defenders of Martin Luther, Lutheranism and the Protestant Reformation although he had little personal contact with Luther himself. Fredericks' treasurer Degenhart Pfaffinger , spoke on behalf of him to Martin Luther. Pfaffinger supported Frederick since the joint pilgrimage to the holy land. He is considered to have remained a Roman Catholic all his life, yet gradually inclining toward doctrines of the Reformation
1577 Viglius the name taken by Wigle Aytta van Zwichem, a Dutch statesman and jurist, a Frisian by birth.
1582 Charlotte of Bourbon the fourth daughter of Louis, Duke of Montpensier and Jacqueline de Longwy, Countess of Bar-sur-Seine. She was the third wife of William the Silent, Prince of Orange, the main leader of the Dutch revolt against the Spanish
1586 Henry Sidney the eldest son of Sir William Sidney of Penshurst, a prominent politician and courtier during the reigns of Henry VIII and Edward VI, from both of whom he received extensive grants of land, including the manor of Penshurst in Kent, which became the principal residence of the family.
1588 Giorgio Biandrata an Italian physician and polemicist, who came of the De Biandrate family, powerful from the early part of the 13th century.
1601 Jacob Willemsz Delff a portrait painter active in Delft. He is known by a picture of an 'Archery-feast' in the Hotel de Ville at Delft, dated 1592; and by a Reconciliation of Esau and Jacob, in the Belvedere at Vienna, bearing the date 1584. He also painted The Sportsman's Dinner, and a portrait group of his family. His works display good conception and execution, but are somewhat heavy in colouring
1629 Joachim Burmeister a north German composer and music theorist.
1629 Szymon Szymonowic a Polish Renaissance poet. He was known as "the Polish Pindar."
1656 Władysław Dominik Zasławski a Polish nobleman of Ruthenian stock. Prince of The Princely Houses of Poland, Ostroh Ordynat, Grand Koniuszy of The Crown
1664 Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione an Italian Baroque artist, painter, printmaker and draftsman, of the Genoese school. He is best known now for his elaborate engravings, and as the inventor of the printmaking technique of monotyping. He was known as Il Grechetto in Italy and in France as Le Benédette
1671 Edward Montagu 2nd Earl of Manchester an important commander of Parliamentary forces in the First English Civil War, and for a time Oliver Cromwell's superior.
1672 Samuel Cooper an English miniature painter, and younger brother of Alexander Cooper.
1682 Nishiyama Sōin a haikai-no-renga poet of the early Tokugawa period. He founded the Danrin school of haikai poetry, which aimed to move away from the serious 'bookishness' popular in Japanese poetry at the time and become more in touch with the common people, infusing a spirit of greater freedom into their poetry
1700 Angelo Italia an Italian Jesuit and Baroque architect, who was born in Licata and died in Palermo.
1705 Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
1705 Johann Ernst Glück now in Latvia.
1714 Charles Duke of Berry (1686–1714) a grandson of Louis XIV of France. Although he was only a grandson of Louis XIV, Berry held the rank of fils de France , rather than petit-fils de France , as the son of the Dauphin, heir apparent to the throne. The Duke of Berry was for seven years heir presumptive to the throne of Spain
1760 Laurence Shirley 4th Earl Ferrers the last member of the House of Lords hanged in England, following his conviction for murdering his steward.
1766 Jean Astruc a professor of medicine at Montpellier and Paris, who wrote the first great treatise on syphilis and venereal diseases, and also, with a small anonymously published book, played a fundamental part in the origins of critical textual analysis of works of scripture. Astruc was the first to try to demonstrate — using the techniques of textual analysis that were commonplace in studying the secular classics — the theory that Genesis was composed based on several sources or manuscript traditions, an approach that is called the documentary hypothesis
1789 Giuseppe Marc'Antonio Baretti an Italian-born English literary critic and author of two influential language-translation dictionaries. During his England years he was often known as Joseph Baretti. Baretti's life was marred by controversies
1804 Antonio José Cavanilles a leading Spanish taxonomic botanist of the 18th century. He named many plants, particularly from Oceania. He named at least 100 genera, about 54 of which were still used in 2004, including Dahlia, Calycera, Cobaea, Galphimia, and Oleandra
1808 Pierre Jean George Cabanis a French physiologist and materialist philosopher.
1808 Peter Ichko a Serbian and Ottoman diplomat of Aromanian, Greek or Bulgarian origin.
1808 David Gilly a German architect and architecture-tutor in Prussia, known as the father of the architect Friedrich Gilly.
1809 Berek Joselewicz a Jewish-Polish merchant and a colonel of the Polish Army during the Kościuszko Uprising. Joselewicz commanded the first Jewish military formation in modern history
1812 Augustus Christian Frederick Duke of Anhalt-Köthen a German prince of the House of Ascania, ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Köthen, and from 1806 the first "Duke of Anhalt-Köthen.".
1813 Stepan Degtyarev a renowned Russian composer of the late 18th century. He was most famous for his nationalistic Russian Choral Music
1814 Abdullah I Al-Sabah the second monarch of Kuwait's Al-Sabah dynasty, ruling from 1764 to May 3, 1814. He was the youngest son of Sabah bin Jaber, upon whose death he succeeded. He was elected to the position by chiefs and notables despite his standing as the youngest son. He is also the father of Jaber I Al-Sabah who succeeded him
1816 Johann Kollowrat Feldmarschall Johann Karl, Graf von Kollowrat-Krakowsky joined the Austrian army, fought against the Kingdom of Prussia and Ottoman Turkey before being promoted to general officer rank. During combat against the French in the French Revolutionary Wars, he first became known as an artillery specialist. In the Napoleonic Wars, he commanded corps in the 1805 and 1809 campaigns. He became the Proprietor of an Austrian infantry regiment in 1801 and held that position until his death
1821 Napoleon a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the latter stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars. As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1814 and again in 1815. He implemented a wide array of liberal reforms across Europe, as summarized by historian Andrew Roberts:
1822 Thomas Truxtun an American naval officer after the Revolutionary War, when he served as a privateer, who rose to the rank of commodore in the late eighteenth century and later served in the Quasi-War with France and the First Barbary War in North Africa. He was one of the first six commanders appointed to the new US Navy by President Washington. During his naval career he commanded a number of famous US naval ships including USS Constellation and USS President. Later in civilian life he became involved with politics and was also elected Sheriff
1827 Frederick Augustus I of Saxony King of Saxony from the House of Wettin. He was also Elector Frederick Augustus III of Saxony and Duke Frederick Augustus I of Warsaw. The Augustusplatz in Leipzig is named after him
1828 Ioan Sturdza a Prince of Moldavia.
1833 Sophia Campbell an early Australian settler.
1837 Niccolò Antonio Zingarelli an Italian composer, chiefly of opera.
1842 Karl Wilhelm von Toll a Baltic German aristocrat and Russian subject who served in the Imperial Russian Army in the campaigns against the Napoleonic Army.
1845 Éléonore-Louis Godefroi Cavaignac a French politician.
1855 Sir Robert Inglis 2nd Baronet an English Conservative politician, noted for his staunch High church views.
1859 Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet credited with being one of the first mathematicians to give the modern formal definition of a function.