May 5 events in history

553 The Second Council of Constantinople begins
1215 Rebel barons renounce their allegiance to King John of England — part of a chain of events leading to the signing of the Magna Carta
1260 Kublai Khan becomes ruler of the Mongol Empire
1494 Christopher Columbus lands on the island of Jamaica and claims it for Spain
1640 King Charles I of England dissolves the Short Parliament
1762 Russia and Prussia sign the Treaty of St. Petersburg
1789 In France, the Estates-General convenes for the first time since 1614
1809 Mary Kies becomes the first woman awarded a U.S. patent, for a technique of weaving straw with silk and thread
1809 The Swiss canton of Aargau denies citizenship to Jews
1811 In the second day of fighting at the Peninsular War Battle of Fuentes de Oñoro the French army, under Marshall André Masséna, drive in the Duke of Wellington's overextended right flank, but French frontal assaults fail to take the town of Fuentes de Oñoro and the Anglo-Portuguese army holds the field at the end of the day
1821 Emperor Napoleon I dies in exile on the island of Saint Helena in the South Atlantic Ocean
1835 In Belgium, the first railway in continental Europe opens between Brussels and Mechelen
1860 Giuseppe Garibaldi sets sail from Genoa, leading the expedition of the Thousand to conquer the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and giving birth to the Kingdom of Italy
1862 Cinco de Mayo: troops led by Ignacio Zaragoza halt a French invasion in the Battle of Puebla in Mexico
1864 American Civil War: The Battle of the Wilderness begins in Spotsylvania County
1865 In North Bend, Ohio (a suburb of Cincinnati), the first train robbery in the United States takes place
1866 Memorial Day first celebrated in United States at Waterloo, New York
1877 American Indian Wars: Sitting Bull leads his band of Lakota into Canada to avoid harassment by the United States Army under Colonel Nelson Miles
1886 The Bay View Tragedy: A militia fires into a crowd of protesters in Milwaukee, killing seven
1891 The Music Hall in New York City (later known as Carnegie Hall) has its grand opening and first public performance, with Tchaikovsky as the guest conductor
1904 Pitching against the Philadelphia Athletics at the Huntington Avenue Grounds, Cy Young of the Boston Americans throws the first perfect game in the modern era of baseball
1905 The trial in the Stratton Brothers case begins in London, England; it marks the first time that fingerprint evidence is used to gain a conviction for murder
1920 Authorities arrest Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti for alleged robbery and murder
1925 Scopes Trial: serving of an arrest warrant on John T. Scopes for teaching evolution in violation of the Butler Act
1925 The government of South Africa declares Afrikaans an official language
1934 The first Three Stooges short, Woman Haters, is released
1936 Italian troops occupy Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
1940 World War II: Norwegian refugees form a government-in-exile in London
1940 World War II: Norwegian Campaign – Norwegian squads in Hegra Fortress and Vinjesvingen capitulate to German forces after all other Norwegian forces in southern Norway had laid down their arms
1941 Emperor Haile Selassie returns to Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; the country commemorates the date as Liberation Day or Patriots' Victory Day
1944 German troops execute 216 civilians in the village of Kleisoura in Greece
1945 World War II: Canadian and British troops liberate the Netherlands and Denmark from German occupation when Wehrmacht troops capitulate
1945 World War II: The Prague uprising begins as an attempt by the Czech resistance to free the city from German occupation
1946 The International Military Tribunal for the Far East begins in Tokyo with twenty-eight Japanese military and government officials accused of war crimes and crimes against humanity
1949 The Treaty of London establishes the Council of Europe in Strasbourg as the first European institution working for European integration
1950 Bhumibol Adulyadej is crowned King Rama IX of Thailand
1955 West Germany gains full sovereignty
1961 The Mercury program: Mercury-Redstone 3 – Alan Shepard becomes the first American to travel into outer space, on a sub-orbital flight
1964 The Council of Europe declares May 5 as Europe Day
1972 Alitalia Flight 112 crashes into Mount Longa near Palermo, Sicily, killing all 115 aboard, making it the deadliest single-aircraft disaster in Italy
1973 Secretariat (horse) wins the 1973 Kentucky Derby in 1:59 2/5, a still standing record
1980 Operation Nimrod: The British Special Air Service storms the Iranian embassy in London after a six-day siege
1981 Bobby Sands dies in the Long Kesh prison hospital after 66 days of hunger-striking, aged 27
1987 Iran–Contra affair: start of Congressional televised hearings in the United States of America
1991 A riot breaks out in the Mt. Pleasant section of Washington, D.C. after police shoot a Salvadoran man
1994 The signing of the Bishkek Protocol between Armenia and Azerbaijan effectively freezes the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict
1994 American teenager Michael P. Fay is caned in Singapore for theft and vandalism
2006 The government of Sudan signs an accord with the Sudan Liberation Army
2010 Mass protests in Greece erupt in response to austerity measures imposed by the government as a result of the Greek debt crisis