Died on May 7

685 Marwan I the fourth Umayyad Caliph, and the cousin of Uthman ibn Affan, who took over the dynasty after Muawiya II abdicated in 684. Marwan's ascension pointed to a shift in the lineage of the Umayyad dynasty from descendants of Abu Sufyan to those of Hakam , both of whom were grandsons of Umayya. Hakam was also the uncle of Uthman ibn Affan
973 Otto I Holy Roman Emperor German king from 936 and emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 962 until his death in 973. The oldest son of Henry I the Fowler and Matilda, Otto was "the first of the Germans to be called the emperor of Italy"
1014 Bagrat III of Georgia King of the Abkhazians from 978 on and King of Georgia from 1008 As with other Georgian monarchs he was commonly known by the monarchical title Mepe.
1065 Gisela of Hungary a Hungarian Roman Catholic, and the first queen consort of Hungary as the spouse of Saint Stephen of Hungary.
1092 Remigius de Fécamp a Benedictine monk who was a supporter of William the Conqueror.
1166 William I of Sicily the second King of Sicily, ruling from his father's death in 1154 to his own in 1166. He was the fourth son of Roger II and Elvira of Castile
1205 Ladislaus III of Hungary King of Hungary and Croatia between 1204 and 1205. Being the only child of Emeric of Hungary, he was crowned king upon the orders of his ill father who wanted to secure his infant son's succession in his lifetime. King Emeric nominated his brother, Andrew, regent for the period of Ladislaus's minority. However, Duke Andrew ignored the child king's interests, forcing Ladislaus's mother, Constance of Aragon to flee to Austria together with her son. He died in Vienna
1231 Beatrice II Countess of Burgundy Duchess consort of Merania. She was a member of the Swabian Hohenstaufen dynasty, the daughter of Count Otto I of Burgundy and Margaret of Blois, thereby a granddaughter of Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
1306 Przemysław of Racibórz a Duke of Racibórz since 1282 until his death.
1427 Thomas la Warr 5th Baron De La Warr an English nobleman, the second son of Roger la Warr, 3rd Baron De La Warr and Elizabeth de Welle, daughter of Adam, 3rd Baron Welles.
1440 Frederick IV Landgrave of Thuringia a member of the House of Wettin and was Margrave of Meissen and Landgrave of Thuringia.
1462 Pasquale Malipiero a Venetian statesman who served as the 66th Doge of Venice from October 30, 1457 until his death. He succeeded Francesco Foscari, and was specifically elected by enemies of the Foscari family. in 1458 he signed into law a number of measures limiting the power of the Council of Ten. He was interred in the Basilica di San Giovanni e Paolo, a traditional burial place of the doges. He was succeeded as Doge by Cristoforo Moro. He was married to Giovanna Dandolo
1494 Eskender Emperor of Ethiopia , and a member of the Solomonic dynasty. He was the son of Emperor Baeda Maryam I by Romna
1508 Nilus of Sora a leader of the Russian medieval movement opposing ecclesiastic landownership. Nil Sorsky is venerated as a saint in the Russian Orthodox Church. His feast day is on the anniversary of his repose on May 7
1523 Franz von Sickingen a German knight, one of the most notable figures of the first period of the Reformation.
1523 Antonio Grimani the Doge of Venice from 1521 to 1523.
1539 Ottaviano Petrucci an Italian printer. His Harmonice Musices Odhecaton, a collection of chansons printed in 1501, is commonly misidentified as the first book of sheet music printed from movable type. Actually that distinction belongs to the Roman printer Ulrich Han's Missale Romanum of 1476. Nevertheless, Petrucci's later work was extraordinary for the complexity of his white mensural notation and the smallness of his font, and he did in fact print the first book of polyphony using movable type. He also published numerous works by the most highly regarded composers of the Renaissance, including Josquin des Prez and Antoine Brumel
1617 David Fabricius a German pastor who made two major discoveries in the early days of telescopic astronomy, jointly with his eldest son, Johannes Fabricius.
1617 Jacques Auguste de Thou a French historian, book collector and president of the Parlement de Paris.
1657 Nabeshima Katsushige a Japanese daimyo of the early Edo period. Born to Nabeshima Naoshige, he became lord of Saga-han
1662 Lucrezia Orsina Vizzana an Italian singer, organist, and composer. She entered a Camaldolese convent in Bologna in 1598. She was taught by her aunt, Camilla Bombacci, who was the convent organist, and by Ottavio Vernizzi, who was the unofficial music master. Vizzana's works are influenced by stile moderno music, especially the works of Claudio Monteverdi
1667 Johann Jakob Froberger a German Baroque composer, keyboard virtuoso, and organist. He was among the most famous composers of the era and influenced practically every major composer in Europe by developing the genre of keyboard suite and contributing greatly to the exchange of musical traditions through his many travels. He is also remembered for his highly idiomatic and personal descriptive harpsichord pieces, which are among the earliest known examples of program music
1682 Feodor III of Russia the Tsar of all Russia between 1676 and 1682.
1718 Mary of Modena Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland as the second wife of James II and VII. A devout Catholic, Mary married the widowed James, who was the younger brother and heir presumptive of Charles II,. She was uninterested in politics and devoted to James and their children, two of whom survived to adulthood: the Jacobite claimant to the thrones, James Francis Edward, , and Louisa Maria Teresa
1736 John Weldon (musician) an English composer.
1737 Giovanni Domenico Santorini an Italian anatomist. He was a native of Venice, earning his medical doctorate from Pisa in 1701. He is remembered for conducting anatomical dissections of the human body
1769 Nathaniel Weil a rabbi and talmudist born at Stühlingen, son of Naphtali Zvi Hirsch Weil.
1773 Christian Gottlieb Ludwig a German physician and botanist born in Brzeg, Silesia. He was the father of Christian Ludwig , a physician/scientist known for his translations of Joseph Priestley's scientific experiments
1776 Duchess Maria Anna Josepha of Bavaria a Duchess of Bavaria by birth and Margravine of Baden-Baden by marriage. She was nicknamed the savior of Bavaria. She is also known as Maria Josepha and is sometimes styled as a princess of Bavaria
1777 Charles de Brosses a French writer of the 18th century.
1793 Johan Zoutman a Dutch naval figure and Rear Admiral who fought at the Battle of Dogger Bank in the Fourth Anglo-Dutch War. Zoutman also fought in the American Revolutionary War
1793 Pietro Nardini an Italian composer and violinist.
1795 Antoine Quentin Fouquier-Tinville a French prosecutor during the Revolution and Reign of Terror periods.
1797 Jedediah Strutt a hosier and cotton spinner from Belper, England.
1800 Niccolò Piccinni an Italian composer of symphonies, sacred music, chamber music, and opera. Although he is somewhat obscure, even to music lovers today, Piccinni was one of the most popular composers of opera—particularly the Neapolitan opera buffa—of his day
1800 Jean-Baptiste Vallin de la Mothe a French architect whose major career was spent in Petersburg, where he became court architect to Catherine II.
1805 William Petty 2nd Earl of Shelburne generally known to history, was an Irish-born British Whig statesman who was the first Home Secretary in 1782 and then Prime Minister 1782–1783 during the final months of the American War of Independence. He succeeded in securing peace with America and this feat remains his most notable legacy. He was also well known as a collector of antiquities and works of art
1811 Richard Cumberland (dramatist) See also Cumberland , Cumberland.
1812 Gottlieb Schick a German Neoclassical painter. His history paintings, portraits, and landscapes are characterized by romantic tendencies. Of these, he is best known for his portraits
1815 Jabez Bowen an American shipper and politician. He was a militia colonel during the American Revolutionary War, and served as Deputy Governor of Rhode Island and Chief Justice of the Rhode Island Supreme Court
1818 Leopold Kozeluch a Czech composer and teacher of classical music. He was born in the town of Velvary, in Bohemia
1825 Antonio Salieri an Italian classical composer, conductor and teacher born in Legnago, south of Verona, in the Republic of Venice, but who spent his adult life and career as a subject of the Habsburg Monarchy.
1825 Johann Gabriel Chasteler de Courcelles a Walloon, born near Mons, Belgium. He entered the military service of Habsburg Austria at an early age and trained as an engineer at the Ingenieurakademie in Vienna. Serving as Chief of Staff to Spleny in the Turkish War from 1788, he won the Ritterkreuz of the Order of Maria Theresa for outstanding bravery at the Battle of Focsani in action against the Ottoman Turks
1836 Norbert Burgmüller a German composer.
1840 Caspar David Friedrich a 19th-century German Romantic landscape painter, generally considered the most important German artist of his generation. He is best known for his mid-period allegorical landscapes which typically feature contemplative figures silhouetted against night skies, morning mists, barren trees or Gothic ruins. His primary interest as an artist was the contemplation of nature, and his often symbolic and anti-classical work seeks to convey a subjective, emotional response to the natural world. Friedrich's paintings characteristically set a human presence in diminished perspective amid expansive landscapes, reducing the figures to a scale that, according to the art historian Christopher John Murray, directs "the viewer's gaze towards their metaphysical dimension"
1848 Gustaw Gizewiusz a Polish political figure, folklorist, and translator. He was married to a Mazur Polish woman, who encouraged him to become a political figure. From 1835 he was also an Evangelical-Lutheran pastor in Ostróda
1852 Matthias Castrén a Finnish ethnologist and philologist.
1861 László Teleki a Hungarian writer and statesman. He is remembered as the author of the drama Kegyencz. In older books in English he is given the name "Ladislas Teleky"
1863 Earl Van Dorn a career United States Army officer, fighting with distinction during the Mexican-American War and against several tribes of Native Americans. He also served as a Confederate general during the American Civil War, noted for his defeats at Pea Ridge and Corinth in 1862, and his murder by a civilian in the spring of 1863
1868 Henry Brougham 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux a British statesman who became Lord Chancellor of Great Britain.