May 7 events in history

351 The Jewish revolt against Gallus breaks out. After his arrival at Antioch, the Jews begin a rebellion in Palestine
558 In Constantinople, the dome of the Hagia Sophia collapses. Justinian I immediately orders that the dome be rebuilt
1274 In France, the Second Council of Lyon opens to regulate the election of the Pope
1429 Joan of Arc ends the Siege of Orléans, pulling an arrow from her own shoulder and returning, wounded, to lead the final charge. The victory marks a turning point in the Hundred Years' War
1487 The Siege of Málaga commences during the Spanish Reconquista
1664 Louis XIV of France inaugurates the Palace of Versailles
1697 Stockholm's royal castle (dating back to medieval times) is destroyed by fire. It is replaced by the current Royal Palace in the eighteenth century
1718 The city of New Orleans is founded by Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville
1763 Pontiac's War begins with Pontiac's attempt to seize Fort Detroit from the British
1794 French Revolution: Robespierre introduces the Cult of the Supreme Being in the National Convention as the new state religion of the French First Republic
1824 World premiere of Ludwig van Beethoven's Ninth Symphony in Vienna, Austria. The performance is conducted by Michael Umlauf under the composer's supervision
1832 The independence of Greece is recognized by the Treaty of London. Otto of Wittelsbach, Prince of Bavaria is chosen King
1840 The Great Natchez Tornado strikes Natchez, Mississippi killing 317 people. It is the second deadliest tornado in United States history
1846 The Cambridge Chronicle, America's oldest surviving weekly newspaper, is published for the first time in Cambridge, Massachusetts
1847 The American Medical Association is founded in Philadelphia
1864 The world's oldest surviving clipper ship, the City of Adelaide is launched by William Pile, Hay and Co. in Sunderland, England, for transporting passengers and goods between Britain and Australia
1864 American Civil War: The Army of the Potomac, under General Ulysses S. Grant, breaks off from the Battle of the Wilderness and moves southwards
1895 In Saint Petersburg, Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrates to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society his invention, the Popov lightning detector — a primitive radio receiver. In some parts of the former Soviet Union the anniversary of this day is celebrated as Radio Day
1915 World War I: German submarine U-20 sinks RMS Lusitania, killing 1,198 people including 128 Americans. Public reaction to the sinking turns many formerly pro-Germans in the United States against the German Empire
1915 Japanese 21 Demands Ultimatum to China (Commemorated as National Day of Humiliation)
1920 Treaty of Moscow: Soviet Russia recognizes the independence of the Democratic Republic of Georgia only to invade the country six months later
1920 Kiev Offensive: Polish troops led by Józef Piłsudski and Edward Rydz-Śmigły and assisted by a symbolic Ukrainian force capture Kiev only to be driven out by the Red Army counter-offensive a month later
1920 The Art Gallery of Ontario, in Toronto, opens the first exhibition by the Group of Seven
1937 Spanish Civil War: The German Condor Legion, equipped with Heinkel He 51 biplanes, arrives in Spain to assist Francisco Franco's forces
1940 The Norway Debate in the British House of Commons begins, and leads to the replacement of Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain with Winston Churchill three days later
1942 During the Battle of the Coral Sea, United States Navy aircraft carrier aircraft attack and sink the Japanese Imperial Navy light aircraft carrier Shōhō. The battle marks the first time in the naval history that two enemy fleets fight without visual contact between warring ships
1945 World War II: General Alfred Jodl signs unconditional surrender terms at Reims, France, ending Germany's participation in the war. The document takes effect the next day
1946 Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering (later renamed Sony) is founded with around 20 employees
1948 The Council of Europe is founded during the Hague Congress
1952 The concept of the integrated circuit, the basis for all modern computers, is first published by Geoffrey W.A. Dummer
1954 Indochina War: The Battle of Dien Bien Phu ends in a French defeat and a Vietnamese victory (the battle began on March 13)
1960 Cold War: U-2 Crisis of 1960 – Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev announces that his nation is holding American U-2 pilot Gary Powers
1964 Pacific Air Lines Flight 773, a Fairchild F-27 airliner, crashes near San Ramon, California, killing all 44 aboard; the FBI later reports that a cockpit recorder tape indicates that the pilot and co-pilot had been shot by a suicidal passenger
1974 West German Chancellor Willy Brandt resigns
1986 Canadian Patrick Morrow becomes the first person to climb each of the Seven Summits
1992 The Space Shuttle Endeavour is launched on its first mission, STS-49
1992 Michigan ratifies a 203-year-old proposed amendment to the United States Constitution making the 27th Amendment law. This amendment bars the U.S. Congress from giving itself a mid-term pay raise
1992 Three employees at a McDonald's Restaurant in Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada, are brutally murdered and a fourth permanently disabled after a botched robbery. It is the first "fast-food murder" in Canada
1994 Edvard Munch's iconic painting The Scream is recovered undamaged after being stolen from the National Gallery of Norway in February
1998 Mercedes-Benz buys Chrysler for $40 billion USD and forms DaimlerChrysler in the largest industrial merger in history
1999 In Guinea-Bissau, President João Bernardo Vieira is ousted in a military coup
1999 Pope John Paul II travels to Romania becoming the first pope to visit a predominantly Eastern Orthodox country since the Great Schism in 1054
1999 Kosovo War: In Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, three Chinese citizens are killed and 20 wounded when a NATO aircraft bombs the Chinese embassy in Belgrade
2000 Vladimir Putin is inaugurated as president of Russia
2002 A China Northern Airlines MD-82 plunges into the Yellow Sea, killing 112 people
2004 American businessman Nick Berg is beheaded by Islamic militants. The act is recorded on videotape and released on the Internet
2007 Israeli archaeologists discover the tomb of Herod the Great south of Jerusalem
2009 Over 100 New Zealand Police officers begin a 40-hour siege of a lone gunman in Napier, New Zealand
2013 27 people are killed and more than 30 injured, when a tanker truck crashes and explodes outside Mexico City