Died on May 8

535 Pope John II Pope from 2 January 533 to his death in 535.
685 Pope Benedict II Pope from 26 June 684 to his death in 685.
997 Emperor Taizong of Song the 2nd emperor of imperial China's Song Dynasty, reigning from 976 until his death. He succeeded his elder brother Emperor Taizu
1063 Ramiro I of Aragon de facto the first King of Aragon from 1035 until his death. Apparently born before 1007, he was the illegitimate son of Sancho III of Navarre by his mistress Sancha de Aybar. Ramiro was reputed to have been adopted by his father's wife Mayor after he was the only of his father's children to come to her aid when needed, although there is no surviving record of these events and the story is probably apocryphal
1157 Ahmad Sanjar the Sultan of the Seljuq Empire from 1118 to 1153. He was initially the sultan of Khorasan until he gained the rest of the territory upon the death of Muhammad Bosworth notes Sanjar is a Turkic name, denoting "he who pierces", "thrusts"
1192 Ottokar IV Duke of Styria Margrave of Styria and Duke from 1180 onwards, when Styria, previously a margraviate subordinated to the duchy of Bavaria, was raised to the status of an independent duchy. He was the son of Ottokar III of Styria and the last of the dynasty of the Ottakars. He entered into the Georgenberg Pact with Leopold V of Austria in 1186, which brought Styria under joint rule with Austria after his death in 1192. The childless and deathly ill Ottokar, who had contracted leprosy while on crusade, was to give his duchy to Leopold and to his son Frederick under the stipulation that Austria and Styria would henceforth remain undivided
1268 Thomas the Archdeacon a Roman Catholic cleric, historian and chronicler from Split, often referred to as one of the greatest figures in Croatian historiography.
1411 William de Beauchamp 1st Baron Bergavenny an English peer.
1473 John Stafford 1st Earl of Wiltshire an English nobleman, the youngest son of Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham. In 1461 he was made a Knight of the Bath
1538 Edward Foxe an English churchman, Bishop of Hereford. He was the most Lutheran of Henry VIII's bishops, and assisted in drafting the Ten Articles of 1536
1551 Barbara Radziwiłł Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania as consort to Sigismund II Augustus.
1668 Catherine of St. Augustine a French canoness regular who was instrumental in the development of the Hôtel-Dieu de Québec in service to the colony of New France. She has been beatified by the Catholic Church
1671 Sébastien Bourdon a French painter and engraver. His chef d'œuvre is The Crucifixion of Peter made for the cathedral of Notre Dame
1684 Mikołaj Stefan Pac a Polish nobleman, voivode of Troki since 1651, castelan of Wilno since 1670, bishop of Wilno since 1671.
1707 Nicholas Kalliakis a Cretan scholar and philosopher who flourished in Italy in the 17th century. He was appointed doctor of philosophy and theology in Rome, university professor of Greek and Latin and Aristotelian philosophy at Venice in 1666 and professor of belles-lettres and rhetoric at Padua in 1667
1712 Gatien de Courtilz de Sandras a French novelist, journalist, pamphleteer and memorialist.
1715 Marie Mancini the third of the five Mancini sisters; nieces to Cardinal Mazarin who were brought to France to marry advantageously. Along with two of their female Martinozzi cousins, the Mancini sisters were known at the court of King Louis XIV of France as the Mazarinettes
1721 Marc-René de Voyer de Paulmy d'Argenson (1652–1721) a French politician.
1740 Maria Karolina Sobieska a Polish noble lady, daughter of Jakub Ludwik Sobieski. Known as Marie Charlotte or just Charlotte, she was the Princess of Turenne and later Duchess of Bouillon by marriage. Charlotte was the last surviving member of the House of Sobieski
1753 Maximilian of Hesse-Kassel a prince of Hesse-Kassel and a Generalfeldzeugmeister, Generalfeldmarschall and finally Reichsgeneralfeldmarschall in the army of the Holy Roman Empire.
1766 Samuel Chandler an English Nonconformist minister.
1767 Prince John August of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg a German prince, member of the House of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.
1773 Ali Bey Al-Kabir a Mamluk leader of Egypt from 1768 to 1769, 1772, or 1773. Originally a Mamluk soldier, he rose to prominence in 1768 when he rebelled against his Ottoman rulers, making the Egypt Eyalet of the Osman Empire independent for a short time. His rule ended following the insubordination of his most trusted general, Abu al-Dhahab, which led to Ali Bey's exile then death outside the walls of Cairo
1778 Lorenz Christoph Mizler a German physician, historian, printer, mathematician, Baroque music composer, and precursor of the Polish Enlightenment.
1781 Richard Jago an English poet. He was the third son of Richard Jago, Rector of Beaudesert, Warwickshire
1782 Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo 1st Marquis of Pombal an 18th-century Portuguese statesman. He was Secretary of the State of the Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves in the government of Joseph I of Portugal from 1750 to 1777. Undoubtedly the most prominent minister in the government, he is considered today to have been the de facto head of government. Pombal is notable for his swift and competent leadership in the aftermath of the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. He implemented sweeping economic policies in Portugal to regulate commercial activity and standardize quality throughout the country. Pombal was instrumental in weakening the grip of the Inquisition. The term Pombaline is used to describe not only his tenure, but also the architectural style which formed after the great earthquake
1785 Étienne François duc de Choiseul a French military officer, diplomat and statesman. Between 1758 and 1761, and 1766 and 1770, he was Foreign Minister of France and had a strong influence on France's global strategy throughout the period. He is closely associated with France's defeat in the Seven Years War and subsequent efforts to rebuild French prestige
1785 Pietro Longhi a Venetian painter of contemporary genre scenes of life.
1788 Giovanni Antonio Scopoli a Tyrolean physician and naturalist. His biographer Otto Guglia named him the "first anational European" and the "Linnaeus of the Austrian Empire"
1794 Antoine Lavoisier a French nobleman and chemist central to the 18th-century Chemical Revolution and a large influence on both the histories of chemistry and biology. He is widely considered to be the "Father of Modern Chemistry."
1796 Amédée Emmanuel François Laharpe fought in the armies of the First French Republic during the French Revolutionary Wars, led a division in Italy under Napoleon Bonaparte, and died after being hit by friendly fire.
1809 Augustin Pajou a French sculptor, born in Paris. At eighteen he won the Prix de Rome, and at thirty exhibited his Pluton tenant Cerbère enchaîné
1815 David Ramsay (historian) an American physician, public official, and historian from Charleston, South Carolina. He was one of the first major historians of the American Revolution. During the Revolution he served in the South Carolina legislature until he was captured by the British. After his release he served as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1782–1783 and again in 1785–1786. Afterwards he served in the state House and Senate until retiring from public service. He was murdered in 1815 by a mentally ill man whom Ramsay had examined as a physician
1819 Kamehameha I also known as Kamehameha the Great, full Hawaiian name: Kalani Paiʻea Wohi o Kaleikini Kealiʻikui Kamehameha o ʻIolani i Kaiwikapu kauʻi Ka Liholiho Kūnuiākea, conquered the Hawaiian Islands formally establishing the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi in 1810 and founding the Kamehameha Dynasty. By developing alliances with the major Pacific colonial powers, Kamehameha preserved Hawaiʻi's independence under his rule. Kamehameha is remembered for the Kānāwai Māmalahoe, the "Law of the Splintered Paddle", which protects human rights of non-combatants in times of battle
1822 John Stark a New Hampshire native who served as a major general in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. He became widely known as the "Hero of Bennington" for his exemplary service at the Battle of Bennington in 1777
1825 Annibale Santorre di Rossi de Pomarolo Count of Santarosa an Italian insurgent and leader in the revival of Italy.
1828 Christian August Lorentzen a Danish painter. He was the instructor of Martinus Rørbye
1829 Mauro Giuliani an Italian guitarist, cellist, singer, and composer. A leading guitar virtuoso of the early 19th century
1829 Charles Abbot 1st Baron Colchester a British barrister and statesman. He served as Speaker of the House of Commons between 1802 and 1817
1837 Alexander Balashov a Russian general and statesman.
1841 Prince Bagrat of Georgia a Georgian royal prince of the House of Bagrationi and an author. A son of King George XII of Georgia, Bagrat occupied important administrative posts in the last years of the Georgian monarchy, after whose abolition by the Russian Empire in 1801 he entered the imperial civil service. He was known in Russia as the tsarevich Bagrat Georgievich Gruzinsky. He is the author of works in the history of Georgia, veterinary medicine and economics. Bagrat is the forefather of the surviving descendants of the last kings of Georgia
1842 Jules Dumont d'Urville a French explorer, naval officer and rear admiral, who explored the south and western Pacific, Australia, New Zealand and Antarctica. As a botanist and cartographer he left his mark, giving his name to several seaweeds, plants and shrubs, and places such as D'Urville Island
1849 Jean-Louis-Auguste Loiseleur-Deslongchamps a French physician and botanist.
1853 Jan Roothaan Very Rev. Jan Philipp Roothaan, S.J. was a Dutch Jesuit, elected 21st Superior-General of the Society of Jesus
1859 José de Madrazo y Agudo a Spanish painter of the Neoclassic period. He was the father of the painters Federico de Madrazo and Luis de Madrazo
1860 Horace Hayman Wilson an English orientalist. He studied medicine at St Thomas's Hospital, and went out to India in 1808 as assistant-surgeon on the Bengal establishment of the British East India Company. His knowledge of metallurgy caused him to be attached to the mint at Calcutta, where he was for a time associated with John Leyden
1864 James S. Wadsworth a philanthropist, politician, and a Union general in the American Civil War. He was killed in battle during the Battle of the Wilderness of 1864
1866 Ferdinand Cohen-Blind a German student who attempted to assassinate Otto von Bismarck, then the Minister President of Prussia. He committed suicide shortly after his arrest
1870 Abel-François Villemain a French politician and writer.
1873 John Stuart Mill a British philosopher, political economist and civil servant. He was an influential contributor to social theory, political theory and political economy. He has been called "the most influential English-speaking philosopher of the nineteenth century". Mill's conception of liberty justified the freedom of the individual in opposition to unlimited state control