May 8 events in history

413 Emperor Honorius signs an edict providing tax relief for the Italian provinces Tuscia, Campania, Picenum, Samnium, Apulia, Lucania and Calabria, which were plundered by the Visigoths
589 Reccared I summons the Third Council of Toledo
1450 Jack Cade's Rebellion: Kentishmen revolt against King Henry VI
1516 Trần Cảo Rebellion: A group of imperial guards, led by Trịnh Duy Sản, murdered Emperor Lê Tương Dực and fled, leaving the capital Thăng Long undefended
1541 Hernando de Soto reaches the Mississippi River and names it Río de Espíritu Santo
1788 The French Parlement is suspended to be replaced by the creation of forty-seven new courts
1794 Branded a traitor during the Reign of Terror by revolutionists, French chemist Antoine Lavoisier, who was also a tax collector with the Ferme Générale, is tried, convicted, and guillotined all on the same day in Paris
1821 Greek War of Independence: The Greeks defeat the Turks at the Battle of Gravia Inn
1842 A train derails and catches fire in Paris, killing between 52 and 200 people
1846 Mexican–American War: The Battle of Palo Alto – Zachary Taylor defeats a Mexican force north of the Rio Grande in the first major battle of the war
1861 American Civil War: Richmond, Virginia is named the capital of the Confederate States of America
1877 At Gilmore's Gardens in New York City, the first Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show opens
1886 Pharmacist John Pemberton first sells a carbonated beverage named "Coca-Cola" as a patent medicine
1898 The first games of the Italian football league system are played
1899 The Irish Literary Theatre in Dublin produced its first play
1901 The Australian Labour Party is established
1902 In Martinique, Mount Pelée erupts, destroying the town of Saint-Pierre and killing over 30,000 people. Only a handful of residents survive the blast
1912 Paramount Pictures is founded
1919 Edward George Honey proposes the idea of a moment of silence to commemorate the Armistice of World War I
1924 The Klaipėda Convention is signed formally incorporating Klaipėda Region (Memel Territory) into Lithuania
1927 Attempting to make the first non-stop transatlantic flight from Paris to New York, French war heroes Charles Nungesser and François Coli disappear after taking off aboard The White Bird biplane
1933 Mohandas Gandhi begins a 21-day fast in protest against the British rule in India
1941 The German Luftwaffe launches a bombing raid on Nottingham and Derby
1942 World War II: The Battle of the Coral Sea comes to an end with Japanese Imperial Navy aircraft carrier aircraft attacking and sinking the United States Navy aircraft carrier USS Lexington. The battle marks the first time in the naval history that two enemy fleets fight without visual contact between warring ships
1942 World War II: Gunners of the Ceylon Garrison Artillery on Horsburgh Island in the Cocos Islands rebel in the Cocos Islands Mutiny. Their mutiny is crushed and three of them are executed, the only British Commonwealth soldiers to be executed for mutiny during the Second World War
1945 Hundreds of Algerian civilians are killed by French Army soldiers in the Sétif massacre
1945 World War II: V-E Day, combat ends in Europe. German forces agree in Reims, France, to an unconditional surrender
1945 The Halifax Riot starts when thousands of civilians and servicemen rampage through Halifax
1945 End of the Prague uprising, celebrated now as a national holiday in the Czech Republic
1945 Dissolution and surrender of Nazi Germany and all its forces
1946 Estonian school girls Aili Jõgi and Ageeda Paavel blow up the Soviet memorial which stood in front of the Bronze Soldier in Tallinn
1963 South Vietnamese soldiers of Catholic President Ngo Dinh Diem open fire on Buddhists defying a ban on the flying of the Buddhist flag on Vesak, killing nine and sparking the Buddhist crisis
1966 A plane crash at Connellsville, Pennsylvania kills Pennsylvania Attorney General, Walter E. Alessandroni, his wife, and other state officials
1967 The Philippine province of Davao is split into three: Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, and Davao Oriental
1970 The Hard Hat Riot occurs in the Wall Street area of New York City as blue-collar construction workers clash with demonstrators protesting the Vietnam War
1972 Vietnam War – U.S. President Richard Nixon announces his order to place mines in major North Vietnamese ports in order to stem the flow of weapons and other goods to that nation
1972 Four Black September terrorists hijack Sabena Flight 571. Israeli Sayeret Matkal commandos recapture the plane the following day
1973 A 71-day standoff between federal authorities and the American Indian Movement members occupying the Pine Ridge Reservation at Wounded Knee, South Dakota ends with the surrender of the militants
1976 The rollercoaster Revolution, the first steel coaster with a vertical loop, opens at Six Flags Magic Mountain
1978 The first ascent of Mount Everest without supplemental oxygen, by Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler
1980 The World Health Organization confirms the eradication of smallpox
1984 The Soviet Union announces that it will boycott the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles
1984 Corporal Denis Lortie enters the Quebec National Assembly and opens fire, killing three and wounding 13. René Jalbert, sergeant-at-arms of the assembly, succeeds in calming him, for which he will later receive the Cross of Valour
1984 The Thames Barrier is officially opened
1987 The Loughgall Ambush: The SAS kills eight Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteers and a civilian during an ambush in Loughgall, Northern Ireland
1988 A fire at Illinois Bell's Hinsdale Central Office triggers an extended 1AESS network outage once considered the "worst telecommunications disaster in US telephone industry history"
1997 A China Southern Airlines Boeing 737 crashes on approach into Bao'an International Airport, killing 35 people