Born on May 9

1147 Minamoto no Yoritomo the founder and the first shogun of the Kamakura Shogunate of Japan. He ruled from 1192 until 1199
1540 Maharana Pratap a Hindu Rajput ruler of Mewar, a region in north-western India in the present day state of Rajasthan. He belonged to the Sisodia clan of Rajputs. In popular Indian culture, Pratap is considered to exemplify qualities like bravery and chivalry to which Rajputs aspire, especially in context of his opposition to the Mughal emperor Akbar
1567 John George I Prince of Anhalt-Dessau a German prince of the House of Ascania. From 1586 to 1603 he ruled the unified principality of Anhalt jointly with his brothers. After the partition of the principality in 1603, he ruled the principality of Anhalt-Dessau from 1603 to 1618
1596 Abraham van Diepenbeeck an erudite and accomplished Dutch painter of the Flemish School.
1613 Mattias de' Medici the third son of Grand Duke Cosimo II de' Medici of Tuscany and Archduchess Maria Maddalena of Austria. He was governor of Siena, with interruptions, from 1629. He never married
1635 Augustus Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön-Norburg Duke of a small part of Schleswig-Holstein around Nordborg Castle on the island of Als. He was the founder of the Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön-Norburg line
1638 Gregorio Vasquez de Arce y Ceballos a Colombian painter, including the Quitenian Miguel de Santiago, was one of the leading artist in the Latin American Baroque movement, which extended from the mid 17th to the late 18th century in the Viceroyalty of New Granada. Most of the artwork of Vázquez depicts the life of Christ, Virgin Mary, the Saints and scenes of the New Testament
1661 Jahandar Shah a Mughal Emperor who ruled India for a brief period in 1712–1713. His title was Shahanshah-i-Ghazi Abu'l Fath Mu'izz-ud-Din Muhammad Jahandar Shah Sahib-i-Quran Padshah-i-Jahan
1668 Joachim Frederick Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön the third Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Plön, a dukedom created by the division of the Duchy of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg.
1683 Burkhard Christoph von Münnich a German soldier-engineer who became a field marshal and political figure in the Russian Empire. He was the major Russian Army reformer and founder of several elite military formations during the reign of Anna of Russia. As a statesman, he is regarded as the founder of Russian Philhellenism. Münnich also was a hereditary engineer and a specialist in hydrotechnology. He had the grade of count of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation. For all his contributions he is rather a forgotten Russian hero, whose resting place was later desecrated by the Soviet Army
1740 Giovanni Paisiello an Italian composer of the Classical era.
1746 Gaspard Monge a French mathematician, the inventor of descriptive geometry , and the father of differential geometry. During the French Revolution he served as the Minister of the Marine, and was involved in the reform of the French educational system, helping to found the École Polytechnique
1751 Jacob Friedrich von Abel a German philosopher. His main interest was the human soul and in trying to find a proof for its immortality
1752 Johann Anton Leisewitz a German lawyer and dramatic poet, and a central figure of the Sturm und Drang era. He is best known for his play Julius von Tarent , that inspired Friedrich Schiller and is considered the forerunner of Schiller's quintessential Sturm und Drang work The Robbers
1763 János Batsányi a Hungarian poet.
1765 Denis-Luc Frayssinous a French prelate and statesman, orator and writer. He was the eighth member elected to occupy Seat 3 of the Académie française in 1822
1776 Archduke Joseph Palatine of Hungary the Palatine of Hungary from 1796 to 1847. He was the seventh son of Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Louisa of Spain
1780 William J. Duane an Irish born American politician and lawyer from Pennsylvania.
1781 Henri Cassini a French botanist and naturalist, who specialised in the sunflower family.
1784 Duke George of Oldenburg a younger son of Peter I, Grand Duke of Oldenburg and his wife Duchess Frederica of Württemberg. He was a son-in-law of Paul I of Russia through marriage to his daughter Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna of Russia. He was referred to as a prince in Russia, Prince Georgy Petrovich Oldenburgsky
1796 Joseph Meyer (publisher) a German industrialist and publisher, most noted for his encyclopedia, Meyers Konversations-Lexikon.
1800 John Brown (abolitionist) a white American abolitionist who believed armed insurrection was the only way to overthrow the institution of slavery in the United States. During the 1856 conflict in Kansas, Brown commanded forces at the Battle of Black Jack and the Battle of Osawatomie. Brown's followers also killed five slavery supporters at Pottawatomie. In 1859, Brown led an unsuccessful raid on the federal armory at Harpers Ferry that ended with his capture. Brown's trial resulted in his conviction and a sentence of death by hanging
1800 Justus Olshausen a German orientalist who made contributions to Semitic and Iranian philology.
1801 Peter Hesketh-Fleetwood an English landowner, developer and Member of Parliament, who founded the town of Fleetwood, in Lancashire, England. Born Peter Hesketh, he changed his name by Royal assent to Hesketh-Fleetwood, incorporating the name of his ancestors, and was later created Baronet Fleetwood. Predeceased by an older brother, he inherited estates in west Lancashire in 1824. Inspired by the transport developments of the early 19th century, he decided to bring the railway to the Lancashire coast and develop a holiday resort and port. He hired architect Decimus Burton to design his new town, which he named Fleetwood; construction began in 1836. Hesketh-Fleetwood was instrumental in the formation of the Preston and Wyre Railway Company and with his financial support, a railway line was built between Preston and Fleetwood which opened in 1840
1801 Samuel Cousins an English mezzotint engraver.
1803 António Bernardo da Costa Cabral 1st Marquis of Tomar a Portuguese 19th century statesman.
1804 Hewett Watson a phrenologist, botanist and evolutionary theorist. He was born in Firbeck, near Rotherham, Yorkshire, and died at Thames Ditton, Surrey
1808 Carlo Sacconi a Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church and Dean of the College of Cardinals.
1808 John Scott Russell a Scottish civil engineer, naval architect and shipbuilder who built the Great Eastern in collaboration with Isambard Kingdom Brunel. He made the discovery of the wave of translation that gave birth to the modern study of solitons, and developed the wave-line system of ship construction
1809 Samuel Botsford Buckley an American botanist, geologist, and naturalist. He graduated from Wesleyan University in 1836
1810 Princess Marianne of the Netherlands a member of the House of Orange-Nassau, by birth Princess of the Kingdom of the United Netherlands and by marriage Princess of the Kingdom of Prussia.
1813 Gustav Bläser a German sculptor.
1816 Leonilla Bariatinskaya a Russian aristocrat who married Ludwig, Prince of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn. Known for her great beauty and intellect, Princess Leonilla was the subject of a number of portraits by Franz Xaver Winterhalter
1818 Robert Cornthwaite (bishop) an English prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He was last Bishop of Beverley and the first Bishop of Leeds
1823 Frederick Weld a New Zealand politician and a governor of various British colonies. He was the sixth Premier of New Zealand, and later served as Governor of Western Australia, Governor of Tasmania, and Governor of the Straits Settlements
1825 Peregrin Obdržálek a Catholic priest, author of religious literature, satire, and humorous tales and verses.
1825 James Collinson a Victorian painter who was a member of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood from 1848 to 1850.
1826 Oscar Berger-Levrault a French philatelist. The invention of the stamp catalogue is attributed to him and to the Englishman, John Edward Gray
1828 Nicholas Chevalier an Australian artist.
1828 Johannes Müller Argoviensis the name used by the Swiss botanist Johann Müller. He was the monographer of Resedaceae, Apocynaceae and Euphorbiaceae in P. de Candolle's Prodromus and Martius's Flora Brasiliensis. He was also an authority on lichens
1829 Ciro Pinsuti an Anglo-Italian composer.
1830 Harriet Lane Rebecca Lane Johnston , acted as First Lady of the United States during the presidency of her uncle, lifelong bachelor James Buchanan, from 1857 to 1861. Among the handful of women who have served as first lady while not being married to the president, she is by far the best known
1834 Justus Hermann Lipsius a German classical philologist. He was the brother of theologian Richard Adelbert Lipsius
1834 Alexander Calandrelli a German sculptor of Italian descent.
1837 Maria Domenica Mazzarello the Italian founder of the Salesian Sisters.
1837 Adam Opel the founder of the German automobile company Adam Opel AG.
1838 David Lang (Civil War) a land surveyor, Confederate States Army officer during the American Civil War, civil engineer, and Florida politician.
1839 Fredrik Adam Smitt a Swedish zoologist.
1840 Blanche d'Antigny a French singer and actress whose fame today rests chiefly on the fact that Émile Zola used her as the principal model for his novel Nana.
1841 Gregor Kraus a 19th-century German botanist and plant ecologist.