Died on May 9

348 Pachomius the Great generally recognized as the founder of Christian cenobitic monasticism. Coptic churches celebrate his feast day on 9 May, and Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches mark his feast on 15 May. In the Lutheran Church, the saint is remembered as a renewer of the church, along with his contemporary , Anthony of Egypt on January 17
1280 Magnus VI of Norway King of Norway from 1263 to 1280. One of his greatest achievements was his modernisation and nationalisation of the Norwegian law-code, after which he is known as Magnus the Law-mender. He was the first Norwegian monarch known to personally have used an ordinal number, although originally counting himself as "IV"
1315 Hugh V Duke of Burgundy Duke of Burgundy between 1306 and 1315.
1382 Margaret I Countess of Burgundy Countess Palatine of Burgundy and Artois, reigned from 1361 and 1382. By marriage, she was also countess of Flanders, Nevers and Rethel
1446 Mary of Enghien Countess of Lecce from 1384 to 1446, and, by her second marriage, Queen of Naples and titular Queen of Sicily, Jerusalem, and Hungary.
1450 Abdal-Latif Mirza the great-grandson of Central Asian emperor Timur. He was the third son of Ulugh Beg, Timurid ruler of Transoxiana
1453 Matthias of Trakai a Lithuanian Roman Catholic clergyman, the first Bishop of Samogitia from its establishment in 1417 until 1422 and the fifth Bishop of Vilnius from 4 May 1422 until 9 May 1453 and an ex officio member of the Council of Lords.
1525 Gregor Reisch a German Carthusian humanist writer. He is best known for his compilation Margarita philosophica
1571 Otte Brahe a Danish nobleman and statesman, who served on the privy council. He was married to Beate Clausdatter Bille and was the father of astronomer Tycho Brahe
1586 Luis de Morales a Spanish painter born in Badajoz, Extremadura. Known as "El Divino", most of his work was of religious subjects, including many representations of the Madonna and Child and the Passion
1589 Paulo Dias de Novais a Portuguese colonizer of Africa in the 16th century and the first Captain-Governor of Portuguese Angola. He was the grandson of the explorer Bartolomeu Dias
1590 Charles de Bourbon (cardinal) a French cardinal. The Catholic League considered him the rightful King of France after the death of Henry III of France in 1589
1638 Frederick I Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg the first Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg and founder of the eponymous family line.
1651 Cornelis de Vos a Flemish Baroque painter best known for his portraiture.
1655 Karol Ferdynand Vasa Prince-Bishop of Breslau/Wrocław from 1625, bishop of Płock from 1640 and Duke of Oppeln Opole from 1648 to 1655.
1668 Otto Christoph von Sparr a Generalfeldmarschall of Brandenburg-Prussia.
1672 François de La Mothe Le Vayer a French writer who was known to use the pseudonym Orosius Tubero. He was admitted to the Académie française in 1639, and was the tutor of Louis XIV
1707 Dieterich Buxtehude a Danish-German organist and composer of the Baroque period. His organ works represent a central part of the standard organ repertoire and are frequently performed at recitals and in church services. He composed in a wide variety of vocal and instrumental idioms, and his style strongly influenced many composers, including Johann Sebastian Bach. Today, Buxtehude is considered one of the most important composers in Germany of the mid-Baroque
1736 Diogo de Mendonça Corte-Real an accomplished Portuguese diplomat and statesman, and Secretary of State to King Peter II and John V.
1739 Carlo Ignazio Monza an Italian composer. He was born in Milan and died in Vercelli. Works of his were possibly among the music that formed the basis for the Pulcinella score by Igor Stravinsky. There are recordings of Monza's harpsichord music by Terence Charlston
1745 Tomaso Antonio Vitali an Italian composer and violinist from Bologna, the eldest son of Giovanni Battista Vitali. He is known mainly for a chaconne in G minor for violin and continuo, which was published from a manuscript in the Sächsische Landesbibliothek in Dresden in Die Hoch Schule des Violinspiels edited by German violinist Ferdinand David. That work's wide-ranging modulations into distant keys have raised speculation that it could not be a genuine baroque work
1747 John Dalrymple 2nd Earl of Stair a Scottish soldier and diplomat. He served in the Nine Years' War and the War of the Spanish Succession and, after a period as British Ambassador in Paris, became a military commander at the Battle of Dettingen during the War of the Austrian Succession
1760 Nicolaus Zinzendorf a German religious and social reformer and bishop of the Moravian Church.
1789 Jean-Baptiste Vaquette de Gribeauval a French artillery officer and engineer who revolutionized French cannon, creating a new production system that allowed lighter, more uniform guns without sacrificing range. His Gribeauval system superseded the de Vallière system. These guns proved essential to French military victories during the Napoleonic wars. Gribeauval is credited as the earliest known advocate for interchangeability of gun parts. He is thus one of the principal influences on the later development of interchangeable manufacture
1789 Giuseppe Bonito a Neapolitan painter of the Rococo period. Giuseppe Bonito is known for genre depictions on canvas. Many of Gaspare Traversi's paintings had previously been attributed to Bonito
1790 William Clingan a delegate in the Continental Congress for Pennsylvania from 1777 to 1779. He signed the Articles of Confederation
1791 Francis Hopkinson one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence as a delegate from New Jersey. He later served as a federal judge in Pennsylvania. He played a key role in the design of the first American flag
1793 Mikhail Krechetnikov a Russian military commander and General of Infantry. He was the younger brother of Piotr Kretchetnikov
1793 Auguste Marie Henri Picot de Dampierre a French general during the time of the French Revolution. He served in many of the early battles of the French Revolutionary Wars, and was killed in action in 1793. For him, the name Dampierre is among those inscribed on the Arc de Triomphe
1794 Józef Kossakowski (bishop) a Polish noble , bishop of Livonia from 1781, political activist, writer, and supporter of Russian Empire.
1794 Piotr Ożarowski a Polish noble , politic and military commander. Member of the infamous Confederation of Targowica, he reached the offices of Great Crown Hetman and castellan of Wojnice
1794 Józef Zabiełło a nobleman in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Great Łowczy of Lithuanian from 1775, konsyliarz of Permanent Council from 1782, deputy of Samogitia to the Great Sejm and Field Hetman of Lithuania from 1793, he was infamous for his support of the Russian Empire in the last years of the Commonwealth
1799 Claude Balbastre a French composer, organist, harpsichordist and fortepianist. He was one of the most famous musicians of his time
1802 Erik Magnus Staël von Holstein Baron Erik Magnus Staël von Holstein. Erik Magnus was Chamberlain to Her Majesty Queen Sophia Magdalena. In 1783 he was appointed chargé d'affaires to the Court of France, and in 1785 he was named Ambassador to France. On 21 January 1786 he married the daughter of the French Minister of Finance Jacques Necker, mademoiselle Anne Louise Germaine Necker, who was to achieve fame as "Madame de Staël"
1805 Friedrich Schiller a German poet, philosopher, historian, and playwright. During the last seventeen years of his life , Schiller struck up a productive, if complicated, friendship with already famous and influential Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. They frequently discussed issues concerning aesthetics, and Schiller encouraged Goethe to finish works he left as sketches. This relationship and these discussions led to a period now referred to as Weimar Classicism. They also worked together on Xenien, a collection of short satirical poems in which both Schiller and Goethe challenge opponents to their philosophical vision
1806 Robert Morris (financier) a Liverpool-born American merchant who financed the American Revolution and was signatory to the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the United States Constitution. He was elected to the Pennsylvania Assembly, became the Chairman of the Pennsylvania Committee of Safety, and was chosen as a delegate to the Second Continental Congress, where he served as chairman of the "Secret Committee of Trade" and as a member of the Committee of Correspondence
1832 Camillo Borghese 6th Prince of Sulmona a member of the Borghese family, best known for being brother-in-law to Napoleon.
1842 Karol Kniaziewicz a Polish general and political activist.
1849 Robert Thomas Wilson a British general and politician who served in Flanders, Egypt, Spain, Prussia, and was seconded to the Imperial Russian Army in 1812. He sat as the Liberal Member of Parliament for Southwark from 1818 to 1831. He served as the Governor of Gibraltar from 1842 until his death in 1849
1850 Garlieb Merkel a Baltic German writer and activist and an early Estophile and Lettophile.
1850 Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac a French chemist and physicist. He is known mostly for two laws related to gases, and for his work on alcohol-water mixtures, which led to the degrees Gay-Lussac used to measure alcoholic beverages in many countries
1861 Peter Ernst von Lasaulx a German philologist and politician.
1862 Theodor Bilharz a German physician and an important pioneer in the field of parasitology.
1864 Wilhelm Wolff a German schoolmaster.
1864 John Sedgwick a teacher, a career military officer, and a Union Army general in the American Civil War. He was the highest ranking Union casualty in the Civil War, killed by a sharpshooter at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
1867 Jacques Joseph Champollion-Figeac a French archaeologist, elder brother of Jean-François Champollion.
1872 Georg Ludwig von Maurer a German statesman and legal historian from the Electoral Palatinate.
1876 Louis van Houtte best known for the journal Flore des Serres et des Jardins de l'Europe, produced with Charles Lemaire and Scheidweiler, an extensive work boasting more than 2000 coloured plates in 23 volumes published between 1845 and 1883.
1877 Elena Asachi a Romanian pianist, singer and composer of Austrian birth. She was the daughter of Austrian composer Anton Teyber and niece of concertmaster Franz Teyber
1879 August Grisebach a German botanist and phytogeographer. Born in Hannover on April 17, 1814, he died at Göttingen on May 9, 1879