May 9 events in history

1092 Lincoln Cathedral is consecrated
1386 England and Portugal formally ratify their alliance with the signing of the Treaty of Windsor, making it the oldest the oldest diplomatic alliance in the world which is still in force
1450 'Abd al-Latif (Timurid monarch) is assassinated
1662 The figure who later became Mr. Punch made his first recorded appearance in England
1671 Thomas Blood, disguised as a clergyman, attempts to steal England's Crown Jewels from the Tower of London
1726 Five men arrested during a raid on Mother Clap's molly house in London are executed at Tyburn
1763 The Siege of Fort Detroit begins during Pontiac's War against British forces
1864 Second War of Schleswig: The Danish navy defeats the Austrian and Prussian fleets in the Battle of Heligoland
1873 Der Krach: Vienna stock market crash heralds the Long Depression
1874 The first horse-drawn bus makes its début in the city of Mumbai, traveling two routes
1877 Mihail Kogălniceanu reads, in the Chamber of Deputies, the Declaration of Independence of Romania. This day became the Independence Day of Romania
1877 A magnitude 8.8 earthquake off the coast of Peru kills 2,541, including some as far away as Hawaii and Japan
1887 Buffalo Bill Cody's Wild West Show opens in London
1901 Australia opens its first parliament in Melbourne
1904 The steam locomotive City of Truro becomes the first steam engine in Europe to exceed 100 mph (160 km/h)
1911 The works of Gabriele D'Annunzio placed by the Vatican in the Index of Forbidden Books
1915 World War I: Second Battle of Artois between German and French forces
1918 World War I: Germans repel the British's second attempt to blockade the port of Ostend, Belgium
1920 Polish-Soviet War: The Polish army under General Edward Rydz-Śmigły celebrates its capture of Kiev with a victory parade on Khreschatyk
1926 Admiral Richard E. Byrd and Floyd Bennett claim to have flown over the North Pole (later discovery of Byrd's diary appears to cast some doubt on the claim.)
1927 The Australian Parliament first convenes in Canberra
1936 Italy formally annexes Ethiopia after taking the capital Addis Ababa on May 5
1940 World War II: The German submarine U-9 sinks the French coastal submarine Doris near Den Helder
1941 World War II: The German submarine U-110 is captured by the Royal Navy. On board is the latest Enigma cryptography machine which Allied cryptographers later use to break coded German messages
1942 Holocaust: The SS murders 588 Jewish residents of the Podolian town of Zinkiv (Khmelnytska oblast, Ukraine). The Zoludek Ghetto (in Belarus) is destroyed and all its inhabitants murdered or deported
1945 World War II: Ratification in Berlin-Karlshorst of the German unconditional surrender of May 8 in Rheims, France, with the signatures of Marshal Georgy Zhukov for the Soviet Union, and for the Western Headquarters Sir Arthur Tedder, British Air Marshal and Eisenhower's deputy, and for the German side of Colonel-General Hans-Jürgen Stumpff as the representative of the Luftwaffe, Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel as the Chief of Staff of OKW, and Admiral Hans-Georg von Friedeburg as Commander-in-Chief of the Kriegsmarine
1945 World War II: The Channel Islands are liberated by the British after five years of German occupation
1946 King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy abdicates and is succeeded by Umberto II
1948 Czechoslovakia's Ninth-of-May Constitution comes into effect
1949 Rainier III of Monaco becomes Prince of Monaco
1950 Robert Schuman presents his proposal on the creation of an organized Europe, which according to him was indispensable to the maintenance of peaceful relations. This proposal, known as the "Schuman declaration", is considered by some people to be the beginning of the creation of what is now the European Union
1955 Cold War: West Germany joins NATO
1958 Film: Vertigo has world premiere in San Francisco
1960 The Food and Drug Administration announces it will approve birth control as an additional indication for Searle's Enovid, making Enovid the world's first approved oral contraceptive pill
1961 FCC Chairman Newton N. Minow gives his Wasteland Speech
1964 Ngo Dinh Can, de facto ruler of central Vietnam under his brother President Ngo Dinh Diem before the family's toppling, is executed
1969 Carlos Lamarca leads the first urban guerrilla action against the military dictatorship of Brazil in São Paulo, by robbing two banks
1970 Vietnam War: In Washington, D.C., 75,000 to 100,000 war protesters demonstrate in front of the White House
1974 Watergate Scandal: The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee opens formal and public impeachment hearings against President Richard Nixon
1977 Hotel Polen fire: A disastrous fire burns down the Hotel Polen in Amsterdam causing 33 deaths and 21 severe injuries
1979 Iranian Jewish businessman Habib Elghanian is executed by firing squad in Tehran, prompting the mass exodus of the once 100,000 member strong Jewish community of Iran
1980 In Florida, Liberian freighter MV Summit Venture collides with the Sunshine Skyway Bridge over Tampa Bay, making a 1,400-ft. section of the southbound span collapse. Thirty-five people in six cars and a Greyhound bus fall 150 ft. into the water and die
1980 In Norco, California, five masked gunmen hold up a Security Pacific bank, leading to a violent shoot-out and one of the largest pursuits in California history. Two of the gunmen and one police officer are killed and thirty-three police and civilian vehicles are destroyed in the chase
1987 An LOT Polish Airlines Ilyushin IL-62M, Tadeusz Kościuszko (SP-LBG), crashes after takeoff in Warsaw, Poland, killing all 183 people on board
1992 Armenian forces capture Shusha, marking a major turning point in the Karabakh War
2001 In Ghana 129 football fans die in what became known as the Accra Sports Stadium disaster. The deaths are caused by a stampede (caused by the firing of teargas by police personnel at the stadium) that followed a controversial decision by the referee
2002 The 38-day stand-off in the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem comes to an end when the Palestinians inside agree to have 13 suspected terrorists among them deported to several different countries
2012 A Sukhoi Superjet 100 aircraft crashes into Mount Salak in West Java, Indonesia, killing 45 people