May 1778 in history

May 1778 events chronologically

May 1 American Revolution: The Battle of Crooked Billet begins in Hatboro, Pennsylvania

Born in May 1778

May 12 José de la Mar a Peruvian military leader, politician and the third President of Peru.
May 13 Honoré V Prince of Monaco Prince of Monaco and Duke of Valentinois. He was born Honoré Gabriel Grimaldi, the first son of Honoré IV of Monaco and Louise d'Aumont. He died unmarried; his younger brother, Prince Florestan, succeeded him
May 15 Aleksander Stanisław Potocki a Polish noble, landowner and politician. He was the senator-castellan of the Polish Kingdom in 1824 and chamberlain of Napoleon He was awarded Order of the White Eagle on 24 May 1829
May 18 Charles Vane 3rd Marquess of Londonderry a British soldier, politician and nobleman.
May 18 Andrew Ure a Scottish doctor, scholar, chemist. and early business theorist.
May 19 Ludwik Michał Pac a Polish general in the Napoleonic army. His parents were Michał Józef Pac and Ludwika Tyzenhaus

Died in May 1778

May 6 Jean Baptiste Christophore Fusée Aublet a French pharmacist, botanist and explorer.
May 8 Lorenz Christoph Mizler a German physician, historian, printer, mathematician, Baroque music composer, and precursor of the Polish Enlightenment.
May 11 William Pitt 1st Earl of Chatham a British statesman of the Whig group who led the government of Great Britain twice in the middle of the 18th century. Historians call him Pitt or Chatham, or William Pitt the Elder to distinguish from his son, William Pitt the Younger, who also was a prime minister. Pitt was also known as The Great Commoner, because of his long-standing refusal to accept a title until 1766
May 16 Robert Darcy 4th Earl of Holderness a British diplomat and politician. From 1744 to 1746 he was ambassador at Venice and from 1749 to 1751 he represented his country at The Hague. In 1751 he became Secretary of State for the Southern Department, transferring in 1754 to the Northern Department, and he remained in office until March 1761, when he was dismissed by King George III in favor of Lord Bute, although he had largely been a cipher in that position to the stronger personalities of his colleagues, successively the Duke of Newcastle, Thomas Robinson, Henry Fox, and William Pitt the Elder. From 1771 to 1776 he acted as governor to two of the King's sons, a solemn phantom as Horace Walpole calls him. He left no sons, and all his titles became extinct except the Baronies of Darcy and Conyers, which were Baronies by Writ, and the Portuguese countship of Mértola. In those peerages he was succeeded by his daughter, Amelia Osborne, Marchioness of Carmarthen
May 30 Voltaire a French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and separation of church and state. Voltaire was a versatile writer, producing works in almost every literary form, including plays, poems, novels, essays, and historical and scientific works. He wrote more than 20,000 letters and more than 2,000 books and pamphlets. He was an outspoken advocate, despite the risk this placed him in under the strict censorship laws of the time. As a satirical polemicist, he frequently made use of his works to criticize intolerance, religious dogma, and the French institutions of his day