May 1781 in history

Born in May 1781

May 6 Karl Christian Friedrich Krause a German philosopher, born at Eisenberg, in Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg. His philosophy, known as "Krausism", was very influential in Restoration Spain
May 8 Pedro de Sousa Holstein 1st Duke of Palmela one of the most important Portuguese diplomats and statesmen in the first half of the 19th century. He also served as the country's first official Prime Minister, the office in essence having already existed
May 9 Henri Cassini a French botanist and naturalist, who specialised in the sunflower family.
May 14 Friedrich Ludwig Georg von Raumer a German historian. He was the first scientific historian to popularise history in German. He travelled extensively and served in German legislative bodies
May 24 Louis François Dauprat a French horn player, composer and music professor at the Conservatoire de Paris. He played and taught only natural horn, but was also very interested in the first experiments with keyed horns. He successfully ensured the development of a distinctively French school of playing, marginally influenced by the invention of the valve horn
May 26 Sir George Staunton 2nd Baronet an English traveller and Orientalist.

Died in May 1781

May 8 Richard Jago an English poet. He was the third son of Richard Jago, Rector of Beaudesert, Warwickshire
May 13 William Amherst (British Army officer) a British military commander. In 1762 during the Seven Years' War he led British forces that defeated a French expedition to Newfoundland at the Battle of Signal Hill
May 14 Abram Petrovich Gannibal an African kidnapped and brought to Russia as a gift for Peter the Great. He became a major-general, military engineer, governor of Reval and nobleman of the Russian Empire. He is perhaps best known today as the great-grandfather of Alexander Pushkin, who wrote an unfinished novel about him, Peter the Great's Negro
May 18 Túpac Amaru II the leader of an indigenous uprising in 1780 against the Spanish in Peru. Although unsuccessful, he later became a mythical figure in the Peruvian struggle for independence and indigenous rights movement and an inspiration to myriad causes in Peru
May 23 Ablai Khan a Kazakh khan of the Middle jüz. Born as Wali-ullah Abul-Mansur Khan, Ablai Khan belonged to the senior branch of descendants of the 15th century founder of the Kazakh state, Janybek Khan. In the first half of the 18th century, Ablai Khan proved to be a talented organizer and commander as he headed detachments of the Kazakh militia fighting the Dzungars. He participated in the most significant battles against the Dzungars from the 1720s to the 1750s, for which he was declared a "batyr" by the people
May 27 Giovanni Battista Beccaria born at Mondovì, and entered the religious Order of the Pious Schools or Piarists, in 1732, where he studied, and afterward taught, grammar and rhetoric. At the same time, he applied himself with success to mathematics