May 1893 in history

May 1893 events chronologically

May 1 The World's Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago
May 10 The Supreme Court of the United States rules in Nix v. Hedden that a tomato is a vegetable, not a fruit, under the Tariff Act of 1883

Top 7 most famous people born in May 1893

May 6 José Calvo Sotelo a Spanish politician prior to and during the Second Spanish Republic. His murder by a unit of the urban police force known as the Assault Guard and several socialist activists , just the day after a harsh confrontation in Parliament with Spanish Socialist Workers' Party and Communist Party of Spain ministers of the Popular Front, aroused strong suspicions of a government involvement in the crime and contributed greatly to precipitate the Spanish Civil War, which was being prepared since February, the month of the electoral triumph of the Popular Front
May 8 Francis Ouimet frequently referred to as the "father of amateur golf" in the United States. He won the U.S. Open in 1913, and was the first non-Briton elected Captain of the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews. He was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1974
May 9 William Moulton Marston an American psychologist, inventor and comic book writer who created the character Wonder Woman. Two women, his wife Elizabeth Holloway Marston and Olive Byrne , served as exemplars for the character and greatly influenced her creation
May 13 Lucien Tesnière a prominent and influential French linguist. He was born in Mont-Saint-Aignan on May 13, 1893. As a professor in Strasbourg , and later in Montpellier , he published many papers and books on Slavic languages. However, his importance in the history of linguistics is based mainly on his development of an approach to the syntax of natural languages that would become known as dependency grammar. He presented his theory in his book Éléments de syntaxe structurale , published posthumously in 1959. In the book he proposes a sophisticated formalization of syntactic structures, supported by many examples from a diversity of languages. Tesnière died in Montpellier on December 6, 1954
May 13 Henry Murray an American psychologist who taught for over 30 years at Harvard University. He was Director of the Harvard Psychological Clinic in the School of Arts and Sciences after 1930 and collaborated with Stanley Cobb, Bullard Professor of Neuropathology at the Medical School, to introduce psychoanalysis into the Harvard curriculum but to keep those who taught it away from the decision-making apparatus in Vienna. He and Cobb set the stage for the founding of the Boston Psychoanalytic Society after 1931, but both were excluded from membership on political grounds. While personality theory in psychology was becoming dominated by the statistics of trait theory, Murray developed a theory of personality called Personology, based on "need" and "press". Patterned after chemistry's Henderson–Hasselbalch equation for the pH of a solution, Personology was a holistic approach that studied the person at many levels of complexity all at the same time by an interdisciplinary team of investigators. Murray was also a co-developer, with Christiana Morgan, of the Thematic Apperception Test , which he referred to as "the second best-seller that Harvard ever published, second only to the Harvard Handbook of Music."
May 19 H. Bonciu a Romanian novelist, poet, journalist and translator, noted especially as an atypical figure on his country's avant-garde scene. His work, comprising several volumes of poetry and two novels, is a mixture of influences from the diverse literary schools of Europe's modernism, and, unusually in the context of Romanian literature, borrows heavily from German-born movements such as Expressionism. The autofictional and cruel detail in Bonciu's narratives makes him a senior figure among Romania's own Trăirist authors, while its capture of the unnaturally grotesque also finds him as one of the country's Neoromantics and Surrealists
May 26 Eugene Aynsley Goossens an English conductor and composer.

Top 7 most famous people died in May 1893

May 10 Ion Emanuel Florescu a Romanian army general who served as Prime Minister of Romania for a short time in a provisional government in 1876 and then in 1891.
May 12 George Victor Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont the 3rd sovereign Prince of the German state of Waldeck and Pyrmont.
May 14 Ernst Kummer a German mathematician. Skilled in applied mathematics, Kummer trained German army officers in ballistics; afterwards, he taught for 10 years in a gymnasium, the German equivalent of high school, where he inspired the mathematical career of Leopold Kronecker
May 20 Jacob Moleschott a Dutch physiologist and writer on dietetics. He is known for his philosophical views in regards to "scientific materialism"
May 20 Charles Pritchard a British astronomer, clergyman, and educational reformer.
May 22 Ezra Heywood an American individualist anarchist, slavery abolitionist, and advocate of equal rights for women.
May 23 Anton von Schmerling born at Vienna, where his father held a high position on the judicial side of the civil service.