May 1944 in history

May 1944 events chronologically

May 1 World War II: Two hundred Communist prisoners are shot by the Germans at Kaisariani in Athens, Greece in reprisal for the killing of General Franz Krech by partisans at Molaoi
May 5 German troops execute 216 civilians in the village of Kleisoura in Greece
May 11 World War II: The Allies begin a major offensive against the Axis Powers on the Gustav Line
May 18 World War II: Battle of Monte Cassino – Conclusion after seven days of the fourth battle as German paratroopers evacuate Monte Cassino
May 18 Deportation of Crimean Tatars by the Soviet Union government

Top 7 most famous people born in May 1944

May 14 George Lucas an American film director, screenwriter, producer, and entrepreneur. He founded Lucasfilm and led the company as chairman and chief executive before selling it to The Walt Disney Company on October 30, 2012. He is best known as the creator of the space opera franchise Star Wars and the archaeologist adventurer character Indiana Jones. Lucas is one of the American film industry's most financially successful filmmakers and has been nominated for four Academy Awards for directing and writing American Graffiti and Star Wars
May 20 Joe Cocker an English rock and blues singer, who came to popularity in the 1960s, and is known for his gritty voice, his spasmodic body movement in performance and his cover versions of popular songs, particularly those of The Beatles.
May 21 Mary Robinson Therese Winifred Robinson served as the seventh, and first female, President of Ireland from 1990 to 1997, and the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, from 1997 to 2002. She first rose to prominence as an academic, barrister, campaigner and member of the Irish Senate. She defeated Fianna Fáil's Brian Lenihan and Fine Gael's Austin Currie in the 1990 presidential election becoming, as an Independent candidate nominated by the Labour Party, the Workers' Party and independent senators, the first elected president in the office's history not to have had the support of Fianna Fáil
May 23 John Newcombe an Australian former world 1 tennis player who won seven Grand Slam singles titles, and an all-time record 17 doubles titles. He was one of many Australian players to dominate the field during the 1960s and 1970s, and is one of the few men to have been ranked world 1 in both singles and doubles
May 27 Chris Dodd an American lobbyist, lawyer, and Democratic Party politician who served as a United States Senator from Connecticut for a thirty-year period ending with the 111th United States Congress.
May 28 Rudy Giuliani an American lawyer, businessperson, former politician, and public speaker from New York. Politically a Democrat and then an Independent in the 1970s, but a Republican since the 1980s, Giuliani was the federal attorney for New York state's southern region in the 1980s who prosecuted pivotal cases against the Italian Mafia and against corrupt corporate financiers. Giuliani reputedly tamed organized crime—most famously leading the case that sent boss John Gotti as the previously "Teflon Don" to prison for life via testimony brokered in a deal with Sammy the Bull—a renown that launched Giuliani, viewed as tough on crime, into politics
May 31 Salmaan Taseer a Pakistani businessman and politician who served as the 26th governor of the province of Punjab from 2008 until his assassination in early 2011.

Top 7 most famous people died in May 1944

May 1 Itzhak Katzenelson a Jewish teacher, poet and dramatist. He was born in 1886 in Karelichy near Minsk, and was murdered May 1, 1944 in Auschwitz
May 5 Bertha Benz the wife and business partner of automobile inventor Karl Benz. In 1888, she was the first person to drive an automobile over a long distance. In doing so, she brought the Benz Patent-Motorwagen worldwide attention and got the company its first sales
May 8 Ethel Smyth an English composer and a member of the women's suffrage movement. Smyth was born in London, as the fourth of a family of eight children. Her father, H. Smyth, who was a Major-General in the Royal Artillery, was very much opposed to her making a career in music
May 11 Walter Oesau a German World War II fighter ace who served in the Luftwaffe from 1934 until his death in 1944. He rose to command Jagdgeschwader 1, which was named in his honor after his death
May 12 Arthur Quiller-Couch primarily remembered for the monumental Oxford Book Of English Verse 1250–1900 and for his literary criticism. He guided the taste of many who never met him, including American writer Helene Hanff, author of 84, Charing Cross Road and its sequel, Q's Legacy; and the fictional Horace Rumpole, via John Mortimer, his literary amanuensis
May 17 Milena Jesenská a Czech journalist, writer, editor and translator.
May 26 Christian Wirth a German policeman and SS officer who was one of the leading architects of the program to exterminate the Jewish people of Poland, known as Operation Reinhard. His nicknames included Christian the Terrible and The Wild Christian