November 1 events in history

365 The Alemanni cross the Rhine and invade Gaul. Emperor Valentinian I moves to Paris to command the army and defend the Gallic cities
996 Emperor Otto III issues a deed to Gottschalk, Bishop of Freising, which is the oldest known document using the name Ostarrîchi (Austria in Old High German)
1141 Empress Matilda's reign as 'Lady of the English' ends with Stephen of Blois regaining the title of King of England
1179 Philip II is crowned King of France
1214 The port city of Sinope surrenders to the Seljuq Turks
1348 The anti-royalist Union of Valencia attacks the Jews of Murviedro on the pretext that they are serfs of the King of Valencia and thus "royalists"
1503 Pope Julius II is elected
1512 The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, painted by Michelangelo, is exhibited to the public for the first time
1520 The Strait of Magellan, the passage immediately south of mainland South America connecting the Pacific and the Atlantic Oceans, is first discovered and navigated by European explorer Ferdinand Magellan during the first recorded circumnavigation voyage
1555 French Huguenots establish the France Antarctique colony in present-day Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
1570 The All Saints' Flood devastates the Dutch coast
1604 William Shakespeare's tragedy Othello is performed for the first time, at Whitehall Palace in London
1612 (22 October O.S.) Time of Troubles in Russia: Moscow, Kitay-gorod, is captured by Russian troops under command of Dmitry Pozharsky
1683 The British Crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties
1688 William III of Orange sets out a second time from Hellevoetsluis in the Netherlands to seize the crowns of England, Scotland and Ireland from King James II of England during the Glorious Revolution
1755 In Portugal, Lisbon is totally devastated by a massive earthquake and tsunami, killing between 60,000 and 90,000 people
1765 The British Parliament enacts the Stamp Act on the Thirteen Colonies in order to help pay for British military operations in North America
1790 Edmund Burke publishes Reflections on the Revolution in France, in which he predicts that the French Revolution will end in a disaster
1800 John Adams becomes the first President of the United States to live in the Executive Mansion (later renamed the White House)
1805 Napoleon Bonaparte invades Austria during the War of the Third Coalition
1814 Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France in the Napoleonic Wars
1848 In Boston, Massachusetts, the first medical school for women, The Boston Female Medical School (which later merged with the Boston University School of Medicine), opens
1859 The current Cape Lookout, North Carolina, lighthouse is lit for the first time. Its first-order Fresnel lens can be seen for about 19 miles (31 km) in good conditions
1861 American Civil War: U.S. President Abraham Lincoln appoints George B. McClellan as the commander of the Union Army, replacing General Winfield Scott
1870 In the United States, the Weather Bureau (later renamed the National Weather Service) makes its first official meteorological forecast
1876 New Zealand's provincial government system is dissolved
1884 The Gaelic Athletic Association is set up in Hayes's Hotel in Thurles, County Tipperary
1886 Ananda College, a leading Buddhist school in Sri Lanka is established with 37 students
1894 Nicholas II becomes the new (and last) Tsar of Russia after his father, Alexander III, dies
1894 Thomas Edison films American sharpshooter Annie Oakley, which is instrumental in her hiring by Buffalo Bill for his Wild West Show
1896 A picture showing the bare breasts of a woman appears in National Geographic magazine for the first time
1897 The first Library of Congress building opens its doors to the public. The Library had been housed in the Congressional Reading Room in the U.S. Capitol
1901 Sigma Phi Epsilon, the largest national male collegiate fraternity, is established at Richmond College, in Richmond, Virginia
1911 The first dropping of a bomb from an aircraft in combat, during the Italo-Turkish War
1914 World War I: The first British Royal Navy defeat of the war with Germany, the Battle of Coronel, is fought off of the western coast of Chile, in the Pacific, with the loss of HMS Good Hope and HMS Monmouth
1915 Parris Island is officially designated a United States Marine Corps Recruit Depot
1916 Pavel Milyukov delivers in the State Duma the famous "stupidity or treason" speech, precipitating the downfall of the Boris Stürmer government
1918 Malbone Street Wreck: The worst rapid transit accident in US history occurs under the intersection of Malbone Street and Flatbush Avenue, Brooklyn, New York City, with at least 102 deaths
1918 Western Ukraine gains its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire
1918 The short-lived Banat Republic is founded
1920 American fishing schooner Esperanto defeats the Canadian fishing schooner Delawana in the First International Fishing Schooner Championship Races in Halifax, Nova Scotia
1922 Abolition of the Ottoman Sultanate: The last sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed VI, abdicates
1928 The Law on the Adoption and Implementation of the Turkish Alphabet, replacing the version of the Arabic alphabet previously used with the Latin alphabet, comes into force in Turkey
1937 Stalinists execute Pastor Paul Hamberg and seven members of Azerbaijan's Lutheran community
1938 Seabiscuit defeats War Admiral in an upset victory during a match race deemed "the match of the century" in horse racing
1939 The first rabbit born after artificial insemination is exhibited to the world
1941 American photographer Ansel Adams takes a picture of a moonrise over the town of Hernandez, New Mexico that would become one of the most famous images in the history of photography
1942 World War II: Matanikau Offensive begins during the Guadalcanal Campaign and ends three days later with an American victory
1943 World War II: In the Battle of Empress Augusta Bay, United States Marines, the 3rd Marine Division, land on Bougainville in the Solomon Islands
1943 World War II: In support of the landings on Bougainville, U.S. aircraft carrier forces attack the huge Japanese base at Rabaul