Born on November 10

745 Musa al-Kadhim known for his nickname al-Kadhim , and is the seventh Shiite Imam after his father Ja'far al-Sadiq. He is regarded by Sunnis as a renowned scholar and was contemporary with the Abbasid caliphs, Al-Mansur, Al-Hadi, Al-Mahdi and Harun al-Rashid. He lived in very difficult times, in hiding, until he finally died in Baghdad in the Sindi ibn Shahak prison through poisoning. Ali al-Ridha, the eighth Imām, and Fatemah Masume were among his children
1160 Maio of Bari the third of the great admirals of Sicily and the most important man in the Norman kingdom of Sicily during the reign of William Lord Norwich calls him "one of the most influential statesmen in Europe.".
1278 Philip I Prince of Taranto titular Latin Emperor of Constantinople , despot of Epirus, King of Albania, Prince of Achaea and Taranto, and Lord of Durazzo.
1341 Henry Percy 1st Earl of Northumberland the son of Henry de Percy, 3rd Baron Percy, and a descendent of Henry III of England. His mother was Mary of Lancaster, daughter of Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, son of Edmund, Earl of Leicester and Lancaster, who was the son of Henry III. Henry Percy married Margaret Neville, daughter of Ralph Neville, 2nd Baron Neville de Raby, and Alice de Audley. They were the parents of Henry Percy, nicknamed "Harry Hotspur"
1433 Charles the Bold Duke of Burgundy from 1467 to 1477. He was the last Valois Duke of Burgundy
1480 Bridget of York an English princess, the tenth child and seventh daughter of Edward IV of England and Queen Elizabeth Woodville.
1483 Martin Luther a German friar, Catholic priest, professor of theology and seminal figure of the 16th-century movement in Christianity known later as the Protestant Reformation. Initially an Augustinian friar, Luther came to reject several teachings and practices of the Roman Catholic Church. He strongly disputed the claim that freedom from God's punishment for sin could be purchased with money. He confronted indulgence salesman Johann Tetzel, a Dominican friar, with his Ninety-Five Theses in 1517. His refusal to retract all of his writings at the demand of Pope Leo X in 1520 and the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Worms in 1521 resulted in his excommunication by the Pope and condemnation as an outlaw by the Emperor
1490 John III Duke of Cleves a son of John II, Duke of Cleves and Mathilde of Hesse, daughter of Henry III, Landgrave of Upper Hesse.
1520 Dorothea of Denmark Electress Palatine a Danish, Norwegian and Swedish princess and an electress of the Palatinate as the wife of Elector Frederick II of the Palatinate. She was a claimant to the Danish, Norwegian and Swedish thrones
1565 Laurentius Paulinus Gothus a Swedish theologian, astronomer and Archbishop of Uppsala.
1565 Robert Devereux 2nd Earl of Essex an English nobleman and a favourite of Elizabeth Politically ambitious, and a committed general, he was placed under house arrest following a poor campaign in Ireland during the Nine Years' War in 1599. In 1601, he led an abortive coup d'état against the government and was executed for treason
1577 Jacob Cats a Dutch poet, humorist, jurist and politician. He is most famous for his emblem books
1583 Anthony Günther Count of Oldenburg an Imperial Count and a member of the House of Oldenburg. He was the ruling count of Oldenburg from 1603 until his death, and of Delmenhorst from 1647 until his death. He was the son of John VII and Elisabeth of Schwarzburg-Blankenburg
1584 Catherine of Sweden Countess Palatine of Kleeburg a Swedish princess and a Countess Palatine of Zweibrücken as the consort of her second cousin John Casimir of Palatinate-Zweibrücken. She is known as the periodical foster-mother of Queen Christina of Sweden
1620 Ninon de l'Enclos a French author, courtesan, freethinker, and patron of the arts.
1652 Johann Ernst Glück now in Latvia.
1668 François Couperin a French Baroque composer, organist and harpsichordist. He was known as Couperin le Grand to distinguish him from other members of the musically talented Couperin family
1668 Louis Prince of Condé (1668–1710) a Prince of the blood at the French court of Louis XIV. Styled as the Duke of Bourbon from birth, he succeeded his father as Prince of Condé in 1709. However, was known by the lesser ducal title. He was prince for less than a year. As a member of the reigning House of Bourbon, he was a prince du sang
1691 Wilhelm Heinrich Duke of Saxe-Eisenach a duke of Saxe-Eisenach.
1695 John Bevis an English doctor and astronomer. He is best known for discovering the Crab Nebula in 1731
1697 Louise Hippolyte Princess of Monaco the only Sovereign Princess of Monaco. She is the ancestor of the current reigning princely family of Monaco
1697 William Hogarth an English painter, printmaker, pictorial satirist, social critic, and editorial cartoonist who has been credited with pioneering western sequential art.
1710 Adam Gottlob Moltke a Danish courtier, statesman and diplomat, born at Riesenhof in Mecklenburg.
1720 Honoré III Prince of Monaco Duke of Valentinois for almost sixty years from 1733 to 1793. Honoré was the son of Jacques I, Prince of Monaco and his wife, Louise Hippolyte, Princess of Monaco
1728 Oliver Goldsmith best known for his novel The Vicar of Wakefield , his pastoral poem The Deserted Village , and his plays The Good-Natur'd Man and She Stoops to Conquer. He also wrote An History of the Earth and Animated Nature. He is thought to have written the classic children's tale The History of Little Goody Two-Shoes, the source of the phrase "goody two-shoes"
1735 Granville Sharp one of the first English campaigners for the abolition of the slave trade. He also involved himself in trying to correct other social injustices. Sharp formulated the plan to settle blacks in Sierra Leone, and founded the George's Bay Company, a forerunner of the Sierra Leone Company. His efforts led to both the founding of the Province of Freedom, and later on Freetown, Sierra Leone, and so he is considered to be one of the founding fathers of Sierra Leone. He was also a biblical scholar and classicist, and a talented musician
1746 George XII of Georgia the last king of Georgia from 1798 until his death in 1800. His brief reign in the closing years of the 18th century was marked by significant political instability which implied the near certainty of a civil strife and a Persian invasion. Overwhelmed by the problems in his realm, George renewed a request of protection from Tsar Paul I of Russia. After his death, the Kingdom of Georgia was occupied and absorbed by Imperial Russia, and the royal family was deported from Georgia
1749 Maciej Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian noble , composer and librettist.
1752 Duke Wilhelm in Bavaria Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen between 1789 and 1799 and first Duke in Bavaria from 16 February 1799 until his death in 1837. From 17 December 1803 to 20 March 1806, Wilhelm was titled Duke of Berg. Wilhelm was a great-grandfather of Empress Elisabeth of Austria through his son Duke Pius August in Bavaria
1755 Franz Anton Ries a German violinist. His father Johann Ries was court trumpeter to the Elector of Cologne in Bonn
1759 Friedrich Schiller a German poet, philosopher, historian, and playwright. During the last seventeen years of his life , Schiller struck up a productive, if complicated, friendship with already famous and influential Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. They frequently discussed issues concerning aesthetics, and Schiller encouraged Goethe to finish works he left as sketches. This relationship and these discussions led to a period now referred to as Weimar Classicism. They also worked together on Xenien, a collection of short satirical poems in which both Schiller and Goethe challenge opponents to their philosophical vision
1759 Grigory Razumovsky a Russian nobleman, political philosopher, botanist, zoologist and geologist known from his writings in the West as Gregor or Grégoire, who lost his Russian citizenship for openly criticizing the czarist system under emperor Alexander I, which he saw as pandering to the desires of a corrupt oligarchy of nobles. Gregor emigrated to western Europe, where was subsequently incorporated into the Bohemian nobility in 1811 and accorded the rank of count of the Austrian Empire. As a natural scientist, Gregor was the first to describe and classify Lissotrion helveticus. He was the fifth son of the last hetman of Ukraine, Kirill Grigorievich Razumovsky and brother of prince Andreas Razumovsky, he is also the ancestor of all living members of the family as such, the Russian lines having gone extinct by
1761 Angelo Anelli an Italian poet and librettist who also wrote under the pseudonyms Marco Landi and Niccolò Liprandi. He was born in Desenzano del Garda and studied literature and poetry at a seminary in Verona. In 1793 he enrolled in the University of Padua, receiving a degree in Canon and Civil Law two years later. Active in the politics of the Cisalpine Republic in his youth, he was imprisoned twice. His 1789 sonnet on the vicissitudes of Italy under Austrian domination ,"La calamità d'Italia" , was for a long time incorrectly attributed to Ugo Foscolo
1762 Johann Ludwig Klüber a German law professor, author and state official.
1779 Anne-Marie Javouhey a French nun who founded the Sisters of Saint Joseph of Cluny. She is venerated in the Roman Catholic Church. She is known as the Liberator of the Slaves in the New World, and as the mother of the town of Mana, French Guiana
1784 William Maynard Gomm a British Army officer. After taking part in the Anglo-Russian invasion of Holland, he served in most of the battles of the Napoleonic Wars. During the Hundred Days he took part in both the Battle of Quatre Bras and the Battle of Waterloo. He went on to be Commander of the troops in Jamaica and in that role established new barracks at Newcastle, Jamaica, high in the mountains. After that he became Governor of Mauritius and, finally, Commander-in-Chief, India in which role he introduced promotion examinations for officers
1784 Franco Andrea Bonelli an Italian ornithologist, entomologist and collector.
1790 Jean René Constant Quoy a French naval surgeon, zoologist and anatomist.
1800 Baron Anton von Doblhoff-Dier an Austrian statesman.
1801 Samuel Gridley Howe a nineteenth century United States physician, abolitionist, and an advocate of education for the blind. He organized and was the first director of the Perkins Institution
1801 Vladimir Dal one of the greatest Russian language lexicographers. He was a founding member of the Russian Geographical Society. He knew at least six languages including Turkic and is considered to be one of the early Turkologists. During his lifetime he compiled and documented the oral history of the region that was later published in Russian and became part of modern folklore
1801 Michael Reinecke a Russian vice admiral and hydrographer.
1805 Augustin Keller a Swiss politician and a co-founder of the Christian Catholic Church of Switzerland, the Old Catholic Church in Switzerland. He is considered to have started the Monastery dispute of Aargau and was therefore responsible for the abolishment of all monasteries in Aargau in 1841
1807 John Cumming (clergyman) a Scottish clergyman.
1807 Robert Blum a German democratic politician, publicist, poet, publisher, revolutionist and member of the National Assembly of 1848. In his fight for a strong, unified Germany he opposed ethnocentrism and it was his strong belief that no one people should rule over another. As such he was an opponent of the Prussian occupation of Poland and was in contact with the revolutionists there. Blum was a critic of antisemitism, supported the German Catholics and agitated for the equality of the sexes. In spite of his diplomatic immunity as a member of parliament he was illegally arrested during a stay at the hotel "Stadt London" in Vienna and murdered in a summary execution, making him a martyr of the German revolution
1810 George Jennings an English sanitary engineer and plumber who invented the first public flush toilets.
1810 Eduard von Simson a German jurist and distinguished liberal politician of the Kingdom of Prussia and German Empire, who served as President of the Frankfurt Parliament as well as the first President of the German Parliament and of the Imperial Court. He was ennobled by Frederick III in 1888
1811 Charles Ferdinand Prince of Capua the second son of Francis I of the Two Sicilies and his second wife Maria Isabella of Spain. He contracted a morganatic marriage in 1836 and had to live for the rest of his life in exile
1811 Robert B. Dickey therefore considered to be one of the Fathers of Confederation.
1812 Zuo Zongtang a Chinese statesman and military leader in the late Qing Dynasty.