November 10 events in history

1202 Fourth Crusade: Despite letters from Pope Innocent III forbidding it and threatening excommunication, Catholic crusaders begin a siege of the Catholic city of Zara (now Zadar, Croatia)
1293 Raden Wijaya is crowned as the first monarch of Majapahit kingdom of Java, taking throne name Kertarajasa Jayawardhana
1444 Battle of Varna: The crusading forces of King Vladislaus III of Varna (aka Ulaszlo I of Hungary and Wladyslaw III of Poland) are crushed by the Turks under Sultan Murad II and Vladislaus is killed
1520 Danish King Christian II executes dozens of people in the Stockholm Bloodbath after a successful invasion of Sweden
1580 After a three-day siege, the English Army beheads over 600 Papal soldiers and civilians at Dún an Óir, Ireland
1619 René Descartes has the dreams that inspire his Meditations on First Philosophy
1659 Chattrapati Shivaji Maharaj, Maratha King kills Afzal Khan, Adilshahi in the battle popularly known as Battle of Pratapgarh. This is also recognised as the first defence of Swarajya
1674 Anglo-Dutch War: As provided in the Treaty of Westminster, Netherlands cedes New Netherland to England
1702 English colonists under the command of James Moore besiege Spanish St. Augustine during Queen Anne's War
1766 The last colonial governor of New Jersey, William Franklin, signs the charter of Queen's College (later renamed Rutgers University)
1775 The United States Marine Corps is founded at Tun Tavern in Philadelphia by Samuel Nicholas
1793 A Goddess of Reason is proclaimed by the French Convention at the suggestion of Pierre Gaspard Chaumette
1821 Cry of Independence by Rufina Alfaro at La Villa de Los Santos, Panama setting into motion a revolt which lead to Panama's independence from Spain and to it immediately becoming part of Colombia
1847 The passenger ship Stephen Whitney is wrecked in thick fog off the southern coast of Ireland, killing 92 of the 110 on board. The disaster results in the construction of the Fastnet Rock lighthouse
1865 Major Henry Wirz, the superintendent of a prison camp in Andersonville, Georgia, is hanged, becoming one of only three American Civil War soldiers executed for war crimes
1871 Henry Morton Stanley locates missing explorer and missionary, Dr. David Livingstone in Ujiji, near Lake Tanganyika, famously greeting him with the words, "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?"
1898 Beginning of the Wilmington Insurrection of 1898, the only instance of a municipal government being overthrown in US history
1910 The date of Thomas A. Davis' opening of the San Diego Army and Navy Academy, though the official founding date is November 23, 1910
1918 The Western Union Cable Office in North Sydney, Nova Scotia, receives a top-secret coded message from Europe (that would be sent to Ottawa and Washington, D.C.) that said on November 11, 1918, all fighting would cease on land, sea and in the air
1919 The first national convention of the American Legion is held in Minneapolis, ending on November 12
1940 The 1940 Vrancea earthquake strikes Romania killing an estimated 1,000 and injuring approximately 4,000 more
1942 World War II: Germany invades Vichy France following French Admiral François Darlan's agreement to an armistice with the Allies in North Africa
1944 The ammunition ship USS Mount Hood explodes at Seeadler Harbour, Manus, Admiralty Islands, killing at least 432 and wounding 371
1945 Heavy fighting in Surabaya between Indonesian nationalists and returning colonialists after World War II, today celebrated as Heroes' Day (Hari Pahlawan)
1951 With the rollout of the North American Numbering Plan, direct-dial coast-to-coast telephone service begins in the United States
1954 U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower dedicates the USMC War Memorial (Iwo Jima memorial) in Arlington National Cemetery
1958 The Hope Diamond is donated to the Smithsonian Institution by New York diamond merchant Harry Winston
1969 National Educational Television (the predecessor to the Public Broadcasting Service) in the United States debuts the children's television program Sesame Street
1970 Vietnam War: Vietnamization: For the first time in five years, an entire week ends with no reports of American combat fatalities in Southeast Asia
1970 The Soviet lunar probe Lunokhod 1 is launched
1971 In Cambodia, Khmer Rouge forces attack the city of Phnom Penh and its airport, killing 44, wounding at least 30 and damaging nine aircraft
1972 Southern Airways Flight 49 from Birmingham, Alabama is hijacked and, at one point, is threatened with crashing into the nuclear installation at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. After two days, the plane lands in Havana, Cuba, where the hijackers are jailed by Fidel Castro
1975 The 729-foot-long freighter SS Edmund Fitzgerald sinks during a storm on Lake Superior, killing all 29 crew on board
1975 United Nations Resolution 3379: United Nations General Assembly approves a resolution equating Zionism with racism (the resolution is repealed in December 1991 by Resolution 4686)
1979 A 106-car Canadian Pacific freight train carrying explosive and poisonous chemicals from Windsor, Ontario, Canada derails in Mississauga, Ontario, just west of Toronto, causing a massive explosion and the largest peacetime evacuation in Canadian history and one of the largest in North American history
1983 Bill Gates introduces Windows 1.0
1984 The first Breeders' Cup takes place at Hollywood Park Racetrack
1989 The longtime leader of the People's Republic of Bulgaria Todor Zhivkov is removed from office and replaced by Petar Mladenov
1989 German citizens begin to bring the Berlin Wall down
1995 In Nigeria, playwright and environmental activist Ken Saro-Wiwa, along with eight others from the Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People (Mosop), are hanged by government forces
1997 WorldCom and MCI Communications announce a $37 billion merger (the largest merger in US history at the time)
2002 Veteran's Day weekend tornado outbreak: A tornado outbreak stretching from Northern Ohio to the Gulf Coast, one of the largest outbreaks recorded in November. The strongest tornado, an F4, hits Van Wert, Ohio during the early to mid afternoon and destroys a movie theater but the theater is evacuated prior to the hit
2006 Sri Lankan Tamil Parliamentarian Nadarajah Raviraj is assassinated in Colombo
2006 The National Museum of the Marine Corps in Quantico, Virginia is opened and dedicated by U.S. President George W. Bush, who announces that Marine Corporal Jason Dunham will receive the Medal of Honor
2007 ¿Por qué no te callas? incident between King Juan Carlos of Spain and Venezuela's president Hugo Chávez
2007 Ten to forty thousand people march toward the royal palace of Malaysia in Kuala Lumpur to hand over a memorandum to the King demanding electoral reform
2008 Over five months after landing on Mars, NASA declares the Phoenix mission concluded after communications with the lander were lost
2009 Ships of the South and North Korean navies skirmish off Daecheong Island in the Yellow Sea