Born on November 11

865 Petronas (general) a notable Byzantine general and leading aristocrat during the mid-9th century. Petronas was a brother of Empress Theodora and hence brother-in-law of Emperor Theophilos, under whom he advanced to the rank of patrikios and the post of droungarios of the Vigla regiment. After Theophilos' death, he played a role in the ending of Iconoclasm, but was sidelined along with his brother Bardas during the minority of his nephew, Michael III, when power was held by the regent Theoktistos. In 855, Petronas and Bardas encouraged Michael III to seize control of the government: Theoktistos was murdered, Theodora banished to a monastery, Bardas became Michael's chief minister, and Petronas was tasked with the war against the Arabs. In 863, he scored a crushing victory at the Battle of Lalakaon, a feat which marked the gradual beginning of a Byzantine counter-offensive in the East. Promoted to magistros and domestikos ton scholon, he died in 865
875 Teutberga a daughter of Bosonid Boso the Elder and sister of Hucbert, the lay-abbot of Maurice's Abbey.
1014 Werner Margrave of the Nordmark the Margrave of the Nordmark from 1003 until 1009. He was a cousin of the contemporary bishop and historian Thietmar of Merseburg
1050 Henry IV Holy Roman Emperor ascended to King of the Germans in 1056. From 1084 until his forced abdication in 1105, he was also referred to as the King of the Romans and Holy Roman Emperor. He was the third emperor of the Salian dynasty and one of the most powerful and important figures of the 11th century. His reign was marked by the Investiture Controversy with the Papacy and several civil wars over his throne both in Italy and Germany. He died of illness, soon after defeating his son's army near Visé, in Lorraine
1082 Ramon Berenguer III Count of Barcelona the count of Barcelona, Girona, and Ausona from 1086 , Besalú from 1111, Cerdanya from 1117, and count of Provence in the Holy Roman Empire, from 1112, all until his death in Barcelona in 1131. As Ramon Berenguer I, he was Count of Provence from 1112 in right of his wife
1154 Sancho I of Portugal the second but only surviving legitimate son and fourth child of Afonso I of Portugal by his wife, Maud of Savoy. Sancho succeeded his father in 1185. He used the title King of Silves from 1189 until he lost the territory to Almohad control in 1191
1155 Alfonso VIII of Castile the King of Castile from 1158 to his death and King of Toledo. He is most remembered for his part in the Reconquista and the downfall of the Almohad Caliphate. After having suffered a great defeat with his own army at Alarcos against the Almohads, he led the coalition of Christian princes and foreign crusaders who broke the power of the Almohads in the Battle of the Navas de Tolosa in 1212, an event which marked the arrival of a tide of Christian supremacy on the Iberian peninsula
1220 Alphonse Count of Poitiers the Count of Poitou from 1225 and Count of Toulouse from 1249.
1264 Farinata degli Uberti an Italian aristocrat and military leader, considered by some of his contemporaries to be a heretic. He is remembered mostly for his appearance in Dante Alighieri's Inferno and is mentioned in C.S. Lewis's short "sequel" to The Screwtape Letters, Screwtape Proposes a Toast
1328 Roger Mortimer 2nd Earl of March an English nobleman and military commander during the Hundred Years' War.
1441 Charlotte of Savoy queen of France as the second wife of Louis Of her three surviving children, Charles VIII became king, Anne regent and Joan queen of France.
1491 Martin Bucer a Protestant reformer based in Strasbourg who influenced Lutheran, Calvinist, and Anglican doctrines and practices. Bucer was originally a member of the Dominican Order, but after meeting and being influenced by Martin Luther in 1518 he arranged for his monastic vows to be annulled. He then began to work for the Reformation, with the support of Franz von Sickingen
1493 Paracelsus a Swiss German Renaissance physician, botanist, alchemist, astrologer, and general occultist. He founded the discipline of Toxicology. He is also known as a revolutionary for insisting upon using observations of nature, rather than looking to ancient texts, in open and radical defiance of medical practice of his day. He is also credited for giving zinc its name, calling it zincum. Modern psychology often also credits him for being the first to note that some diseases are rooted in psychological illness
1493 Bernardo Tasso an Italian courtier and poet.
1512 Marcin Kromer Prince-Bishop of Warmia , a Polish cartographer, diplomat and historian in the Kingdom of Poland and later in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. He was a personal secretary to two Kings of Poland, Sigismund I the Old and Sigismund II Augustus
1536 Marcantonio Memmo the 91st Doge of Venice, reigning from July 24, 1612 until his death.
1551 Giovanni I Cornaro the 96th Doge of Venice, reigning from 24 January 1625 until his death.
1564 Martinus Smiglecius a Polish Jesuit philosopher, known for his erudite scholastic Logica of 1618.
1569 Martin Ruland the Younger a German physician and alchemist.
1579 Frans Snyders a Flemish painter of animals and still lifes.
1596 Catherine Henriette de Bourbon an illegitimate daughter of King Henry IV of France and his long-term maîtresse en titre Gabrielle d'Estrées. She was declared legitimate on 17 November 1596 at the Abbey of Ouen in Rouen and married into the Princely House of Guise
1599 Ottavio Piccolomini an Italian nobleman whose military career included service as a Spanish general and then as a field marshal of the Holy Roman Empire.
1599 Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg a German princess and queen consort of Sweden.
1633 George Savile 1st Marquess of Halifax an English statesman, writer, and politician who sat in the House of Commons in 1660, and in the House of Lords after he was raised to the peerage in 1668.
1642 André Charles Boulle generally considered to be the preeminent artist in the field of marquetry, even "the most remarkable of all French cabinetmakers." His fame in marquetry led to his name being given to the fashion he perfected of inlaying brass and tortoiseshell, known as Boulle.
1653 Carlo Ruzzini a Venetian diplomat, statesman and Doge.
1668 Johann Albert Fabricius a German classical scholar and bibliographer.
1679 Firmin Abauzit a French scholar who worked on physics, theology and philosophy, and served as librarian in Geneva during his final 40 years. Abauzit is also notable for proofreading or correcting the writings of Isaac Newton and other scholars
1696 Andrea Zani an Italian violinist and composer.
1704 Adriaan van Royen a Dutch botanist. He was a professor at Leiden University and is associated with Carl Linnaeus
1711 Stepan Krasheninnikov a Russian explorer of Siberia, naturalist and geographer who gave the first full description of Kamchatka in the early 18th century. He was elected to the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1745. The Krasheninnikov Volcano on Kamchatka is named in his honour
1722 Nicolas Antoine Boulanger a French philosopher and man of letters during the Age of Enlightenment.
1743 Carl Peter Thunberg a Swedish naturalist and an apostle of Carl Linnaeus. He has been called "the father of South African botany" and the "Japanese Linnaeus"
1748 Charles IV of Spain King of Spain from 14 December 1788, until his abdication on 19 March 1808.
1751 Giuseppe Doria Pamphili an Italian Cardinal who served as Cardinal Secretary of State.
1760 Landolin Ohmacht a German sculptor.
1761 Philippe Buonarroti an Italian utopian socialist, writer, agitator, and freemason; he was mainly active in France. His History of Babeuf’s ‘Conspiracy of Equals' became a bible for revolutionaries, inspiring such leftists as Blanqui and Marx. He proposed a mutualist strategy that would revolutionize society by stages, starting from monarchy to liberalism, then to radicalism, and finally to communism
1768 Joseph Lainé a French lawyer and politician.
1771 Ephraim McDowell an American physician and pioneer surgeon. The first person to successfully remove an ovarian tumor, he has been called "the father of ovariotomy" as well as founding father of abdominal surgery
1771 Stephen Elliott (botanist) today remembered for having written one of the most important works in American botany, A Sketch of the Botany of South-Carolina and Georgia.
1771 Horace François Bastien Sébastiani de La Porta a French soldier, diplomat, and politician, who served as Naval Minister, Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Minister of State under the July Monarchy. Joining the French Revolutionary Army in his youth, he rose in its ranks and became a supporter of Napoleon Bonaparte. Sébastiani was the French Consulate's emissary to the Levant, notably drafting plans to reconquer Ottoman Egypt, and later served as the Empire's Ambassador to the Porte. In the latter capacity, he attempted to increase French influence and signaled pro-Russian activities in the Danubian Principalities, thus provoking the War of 1806–1812. In 1807, Sébastiani organized the defense of Constantinople during the Dardanelles Operation. Recalled on British pressures after the deposition of Selim III, he served in the Peninsular War and resided in the Alhambra, took part in the unsuccessful invasion of Russia, and defended the Champagne region in front of the Sixth Coalition
1785 Diponegoro a Javanese prince who opposed the Dutch colonial rule. He played an important role in the Java War. In 1830, the Dutch exiled him to Makassar
1791 József Katona a Hungarian playwright and poet, creator of the Hungarian drama: author of the legendary historical tragedy: Bánk bán.
1791 Josef Munzinger a Swiss politician.
1799 Charles Bent appointed as the first civilian Governor of the newly acquired New Mexico Territory by military Governor Stephen Watts Kearny in September 1846.
1814 Martin Griver the second Roman Catholic Bishop of Perth, serving from 1873 until his death in 1886.
1818 Édouard Thouvenel ambassador to the Ottoman Empire from 1855 to 1860, and French Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1860 to 1862.
1821 Carl Gustav Calwer a German entomologist who specialised in Coleoptera.
1821 Fyodor Dostoyevsky a Russian novelist, short story writer, essayist, journalist and philosopher. Dostoyevsky's literary works explore human psychology in the context of the troubled political, social, and spiritual atmosphere of 19th-century Russia. He began writing in his 20s, and his first novel, Poor Folk, was published in 1846 when he was 25. His major works include Crime and Punishment , The Idiot , Demons and The Brothers Karamazov. His output consists of eleven novels, three novellas, seventeen short novels and numerous other works. Many literary critics rate him as one of the greatest and most prominent psychologists in world literature. His novella Notes From Underground is considered to be one of the first works of existentialist literature
1827 Boris Almazov a Russian poet, translator, writer and literary critic. During his career, he generally lived and worked in Moscow, the center of literary culture